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Article 18. School moneys (§§ 490-502).

19. Trusts for schools; gospel and school lots (§§ 520-528). 20. Teachers and pupils (§§ 550-567).

21. Contract system (§§ 580-586).

22. General industrial schools, trade schools, and school of agriculture, mechanic arts and home making (S$ 600-607).

23. Compulsory education (§§ 620-636).

24. School census ($$ 650-654).

25. Text-books (S$ 670-673).

26. Physiology and hygiene (§§ 690, 691).
27. The flag (§§ 710-713).

28. Fire drills (S$ 730-733).

29. Arbor day ($$ 750-752).

30. Teachers' institute (§§ 770-775).

31. Training classes ($$ 790-794).

32. Normal schools; state normal college (§§ 810-833). 33. Fines; penalties; forfeitures and costs (§§ 850–862). 34. Appeals or petitions to commissioner of education. (S$ 880-882).

35. Orphan schools ($$ 900-902).

36. Schools for colored children (§§ 920-922).

37. Indian schools (SS 940-954).

38. Instruction of deaf mutes and of the blind (§§ 970


39. New York state school for the blind (§§ 990-1012). 40. Cornell university ($8 1030-1039).

41. State school of agriculture at Saint Lawrence uni

versity (88 1050-1053).

42. State school of agriculture at Alfred university (SS 1070-1072).

42-A. State school of agriculture at Cobleskill (S$ 1075


43. State school of agriculture at Morrisville (S$ 10901093).

43-A. Retirement fund for teachers in state institutions (S$ 1095-1099).

43-B. State teachers' retirement fund for public school teachers (SS 1100-1109-b).

44. Libraries (§§ 1110-1141).

45. Court libraries (S$ 1160-1180).

46. Laws repealed; saving clause; when to take effect (SS 1190-1192).

Article 44. Libraries (§§ 1110-1141).
45. Court libaries (S$ 1160-1180).

46. Laws repealed; saving clause; when to take effect
(SS 1190-1192).


Short Title and Definitions

Section 1. Short title.

2. Definitions.

§ 1. Short title. This chapter shall be known as the "Education Law."

§ 2. Definitions. As used in this chapter, the following specified terms mean as here defined.

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1. Academy. The term "academy means an incorporated institution for instruction in secondary education, and such high schools, academic departments in union schools and similar unincorporated schools as are admitted by the regents to the university as of academic grades.

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2. College. The term college" includes universities and other institutions for higher education authorized to confer degrees. 3. University. The term "university" means the university of the state of New York.

4. Regents. The term "regents" means board of regents of the university of the state of New York.

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5. Commissioner. The term "commissioner means commissioner of education.

6. School commissioner. The term "school commissioner " means the local officer provided for in article fourteen.

7. Secondary education. The term "secondary education" means instruction of academic grades, between the elementary grades and the college or university.

8. Higher education. The term "higher education" means education in advance of secondary education, and includes the work of colleges, universities, professional and technical schools, and educational work connected with libraries, museums, university and educational extension courses and similar agencies.

9. Trustee. The term "trustees," when not used in reference to a school district, includes directors, managers or other similar members of the governing board of an educational institution.

10. Parental relation. The term "persons in parental relation" to a child includes the parents, guardians or other persons,


whether one or more, lawfully having the care, custody or control of such child.

11. Compulsory school ages. The term "child of compulsory school age" means any child between seven and sixteen years of age lawfully required to attend upon instruction.

12. School authorities. The term "school authorities" means the trustees, or board of education, or corresponding officers, whether one or more, and by whatever name known, of a city, or school district however created.

13. School officer. The term "school officer" means a clerk, collector, or treasurer of any school district; a trustee or member of a board of education or other body in control of the schools by whatever name known in a union free school district or in a city; a superintendent of schools; a truant officer; a school commissioner; or other elective or appointive officer in a school district or city whose duties generally relate to the administration of affairs connected with the public school system.

14. Board of education. The term "board of education" shall include by whatever name known the governing body charged with the general control, management and responsibility of the schools of a union free school district or of a city.


Education Department

Section 20. Education department.

21. Divisions of department.

22. Assistant commissioners.

23. Other officers and employees.
24. Removals and suspensions.

25. Joint seal.

26. Reports to the legislature.

27. State education building.

$ 20. Education department. The education depart ment is hereby continued and shall be under the legislative direction of the regents and the executive direction of the commissioner of education, who is made, by section ninety-four of this act, the chief executive officer of the state system of education and of the regents. The said department is charged with the general management and supervision of all public schools and all of the educational work of the state, including the operations of the university of the state of New York.

§ 21. Divisions of department. By concurrent action of the regents and the commissioner of education the department may be divided into divisions. By like action new divisions may be created and existing divisions may be consolidated or abolished, and the administrative work of the department assigned to the several divisions.

§ 22. Assistant commissioners. The commissioner of education shall appoint, subject to the approval of the regents, such assistant commissioners as he shall deem necessary for the proper organization and general classification of the work of the department, and assign to such assistant commissioners the work which shall be under their respective supervision.

§ 23. Other officers and employees. The commissioner of education, subject to the approval of the regents, shall have power, in conformity with their rules, to appoint all other needed officers and employees and fix their titles, duties and salaries.

§ 24. Removals and suspensions. With the approval of the regents, the commissioner of education may, at his pleasure, remove from office any assistant commissioner, or other appointive officer or employee; and, when the regents are not in session, the commissioner may, during his pleasure, suspend, without salary, any such officer or employee, but not longer than till the adjournment of the succeeding meeting of the regents.

§ 25. Joint seal. The regents of the university and the commissioner of education shall together adopt, and may modify at any time, a seal, which shall be used in common as the seal of the education department and of the university; and copies of all records thereof and of all acts, orders, decrees and decisions. made by the regents or by the commissioner of education, and of their official papers, and of the drafts or machine copies of any of the foregoing, may be authenticated under the said seal and shall then be evidence equally with and in like manner as the originals.

§ 26. Reports to the legislature. The commissioner of education shall annually prepare a report of the education department, including the university, which shall be transmitted to the legislature over the signatures of the chancellor of the university and of the commissioner of education. At their pleasure, the regents or the commissioner of education may make other reports and communications to the legislature. Such portions of their annual or other reports or communications as the commissioner

or the regents shall desire for such use shall be printed by the state printer as bulletins.

§ 27. State education building. After the completion of the state education building, it shall be occupied exclusively by the education department, including the university, with the state library, the state museum, and its other departments, together with such other work with which the commissioner of education and the regents have official relations, as they may, in their discretion, provide for therein; and such building and the offices of such department shall be maintained at state expense.


University of the State of New York Section 40. Corporate name and objects.

41. Regents.

42. Officers.

43. Meetings and absences.

44. Quorum.

45. Authority to take testimony.

46. Legislative power.

47. General examinations, credentials and degrees.

48. Academic examinations.

49. Admission and fees.

50. Registrations.

51. Supervision of professions.

52. Extension of educational facilities.

53. Departments and their government.
54. State museum; how constituted.
55. Collections made by the staff.

56. Indian collection.

57. Institutions in the university.
58. Visitation and reports.

59. Charters.

60. Provisional charters.

61. Conditions of incorporation.

62. Change of name or charter.

63. Dissolution and rechartering. [Repealed by L. 1911,

ch. 860.]

63. Liquidation of educational institutions.

by L. 1911, ch. 860.]


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