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From Stereograph, Copyright 1907, by Underwood & Underwood. New York.
PRESENTATION OF THE PEACE FLAG TO MR. CARNEGIE
THE LEGISLATIVE AND JUDICIAL ASPECTS OF THE PEACE MOVEMENT CARNEGIE HALL
Wednesday Afternoon, April 17th, at 3
HON. SETH LOW Presiding
If this meeting will be kind enough to come to order I will ask its attention to a very interesting incident that has just been placed upon the program.
There is to be the presentation of a resolution adopted by the Daughters of the American Revolution in favor of arbitration, and the presentation of a Peace Flag voted by the Daughters of the American Revolution to Mr. Carnegie in appreciation of his services in the cause of Peace. Mr. Carnegie is here to receive the resolution, and Mrs. Helen Beach Tillotson and Captain Richmond Hobson will present the flag. (Applause.) MR. HOBSON:
MR. PRESIDENT, AND DELEGATES OF THE NATIONAL ARBITRATION AND PEACE CONGRESS: We are come as a committee from the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, now in congress assembled in the city of Washington, D. C., to bring this resolution:
"The women of the land are jealous of the nation's patriotism; they claim for their country the leadership in every great and noble cause, and they will teach the nation's children to be as valiant and as effective in the cause of Peace as their forefathers were in the cause of liberty (applause), to the end that our flag and our nation may stand forever before the world, not only as the guardians of liberty, but as the sponsors of Peace."
Mr. Carnegie-In the name of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, now in congress assem
bled in the city of Washington, we present to you the beautiful flag of peace now floating over this great congress, in token of their affectionate appreciation of the great and beautiful work and labor of love that you have done and are doing in the holy cause of Universal Peace.
CAPTAIN HOBSON, MRS. TILLOTSON, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN: This is a time of surprises for me. I said in Pittsburg I was in a dream. Yesterday afternoon I went to the Engineering Building and opened that; to-day, an hour ago, I was informed of this last and sweetest honor, which was to be conferred upon me. Truly, I bear my blushing honors thick upon me these days. (Applause.) Unfortunately, they are far beyond any merit of mine, so that I can only attribute them to the love and enthusiasm of people who recognize even the smallest service in causes which are so precious and so dear to them. I look at that flag, Mr. Hobson and Mrs. Tillotson, and I see forty-four stars there united in one country, over the whole of which there floats the Holy Spirit of Peace. I look to Europe and I see forty-five countries, but what do I find there? Hatred, suspicion, animosity! Why? Because we are under the Holy Spirit of Peace, and they under the Savage God of War. We furnish examples to Europe now. We furnish one on the North, for Canada has two little yachts on the inland seas, and they never fire a shot except in congratulation to the two little yachts belonging to the United States, which breathe Peace and Goodwill from the mouth of their cannon.
The second example we show Europe is this: On the South of us we have Mexico, and our President, the greatest peacemaker living-remember no man holds Theodore Roosevelt higher than I do as a Maker of Peace-induced Mexico to unite with him and jointly they intimated to the South American Republics that they must keep the Peace, and they did so. We saved one war. These republics negotiated with three others, and failed, but mark my words, we have an international police as far as America is concerned. If two men fight each other in the street anywhere that the American flag floats they are arrested by superior force, a protective force. So it will be with the South American Republics before long. Mexico and the United States
and other republics will say to the warring element: "We are independent, we belong to the same continent, and no nation can be allowed to disturb the general peace in which all nations here are mutually interested." That is what we are coming to.
Now, my two friends, I accept that flag. I was born under a flag that denied me certain rights of citizenship, therefore I dedicated my book "Triumphant Democracy" to this Republic in these words: "To the Republic that makes me the equal of any citizen, although denied, by my native land, equal rights." I dedicated this book with an intensity of love and admiration which the native-born citizen can neither see nor understand. (Applause.) There is the flag that I went to the front for, but let me say to you, however, that the North favored arbitration.
As to the Civil War, if the Southern States had said: "Four hundred millions will buy our slave property," if they had said "eight hundred millions," if they had said "twelve hundred millions," it would have been infinitely better for both the North and the South could such a peaceful mode have been obtained.
I shall keep that flag always, and it never shall float over men killing each other, but shall remain a glorious heritage to my successors. It will tell them that I in my day and generation loved that flag and desired to extend over the world the reign of Peace obtained by law and justice.
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN: Those who have arranged the program for this Congress have done well to make the closing meeting a meeting in the interest of arbitration; for, whatever other methods may be proposed to advance the cause of honorable Peace between the nations none are likely to supplant the method of International Arbitration. It is sometimes said that nations do not always accept the results of arbitration. This is a mistake. Negotiations often fail; but whenever arbitration has been agreed upon its results have always been accepted. It is a just cause of satisfaction to the American people that no nation has submitted questions in controversy to the decision of impartial arbitration more frequently than the United States, nor questions of more profound importance. The arbitration of the Ala