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work. The style is pleasing and the illustrations and wrote. A brief chapter which, for Amerieffective. Witness the one we have reproduced, can readers, has especial interest, is devoted to showing the famous old "Antiquary Shop," with memorials of William Penn that are left in the the background filled by the equally famous old country of his nativity. house in which Voltaire died.
Writing in an easy, descriptive, conversational way, with the sure touch born of actual participation in the scenes described, and with a series of excellent full-page illustrations, Mrs. Tryphosa Bates Batcheller has made an attractive story of her "Glimpses of Italian Court Life (Doubleday, Page). The volume is very handsomely bound and printed, and is just what its title indicates. Portraits of most of the court personages at Rome, including some of the high personalities of the Vatican, add to the attractiveness of this volume.
In "Literary By-Paths in Old England" (Boston: Little, Brown & Co.), Mr. Henry C. Shelley describes the familiar haunts of several of the better-known English writers of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. His introductory essay, however, goes farther back and explores the region where Edmund Spenser lived
"The Fair Hills of Ireland" is the title of a volume by Stephen Gwynn (Macmillan) which is both descriptive and historical. Indeed, it would serve as an excellent introduction to the
TRYPHOSA BATES BATCHELLER.
serious study of Irish history, although written, apparently, with a less pretentious motive. Many interesting Irish localities are described, and the author has drawn freely upon the folklore of the various regions visited.
Mr. Archer B. Hulbert, the author of "Historic Highways of America" and other essays in Western history, is responsible for a new work entitled "Pilots of the Republic: The Romance of the Pioneer Promoter in the Middle West" (Chicago: A. C. McClurg). In this volume certain American worthies whose parts in the early development of the great West were important, even though the names of some of them are quite unfamiliar to the present generation, are taken as the central figures about which the writer finds it convenient to group a considerable amount of historic material, some of it gathered from out-of-the-way corners and dusty archives. Several of these personalities,like Richard Henderson, the founder of Transylvania; David Zeisberger, the missionary, and Thomas and Mercer, the rival promoters of canal and railroad,-have heretofore been assigned comparatively little space in our school histories.
Yet the value of the services that they rendered to the colonization and settlement of the great West is clearly beyond estimate. Mr. Hulbert's style is attractive and, in general, his presentation of historical facts is good. One of the best chapters of the book is that on Marcus Whitman, the hero of Oregon. Mr. Hulbert avoids, on the one hand, the foolish exaggerations of some of Whitman's latter-day friends, and, on the other, the bald literalness of the school of historical critics whose chief aim has been to dispel the so-called "Whitman myth."
Dr. Samuel Gridley Howe, the famous philanthropist, had in his young manhood an unusual experience for an American of his day in assisting the Greek Revolution. The biographies of Dr. Howe,-one a memoir written by his widow, Mrs. Julia Ward Howe, and the other a volume in the series of "Lives of American Reformers," by Mr. F. B. Sanborn, give the outline of these thrilling experiences of Dr. Howe's youth. His daughter, Mrs. Laura E. Richards, has now compiled a full record of those years from Dr. Howe's journals and letters never before printed, with only so much narrative as has been found necessary to supply missing links (Boston: Dana Estes & Co.). An introduction and notes are supplied by Mr. Sanborn.
Mr. George Moore has thought it necessary to publish an "Apologia Pro Scriptis Meis," as an introduction to his latest volume, which is entitled "Memoirs of My Dead Life" (Apple
erary insight and his courageously expressed, if debatable, moral standards.
Tracing the genealogy of George Eliot's characters, particularly in relation to Adam Bede," and giving "the real life history of the more prominent characters in her books," William Mottram has written "The True Story of George Eliot " (McClurg). Mr. Mottram, who is a grand-nephew of Adam Bede and cousin of George Eliot herself, has traced the relationships of the actual personalities in the little English towns in which were laid the scenes made memorable by the novelist. A great deal of exceedingly interesting personalia about George Eliot is given in this volume, which contains 86 illustrations, mainly from photographs taken especially for the book.
The life of Emma, Lady Hamilton, consisting of a biographical essay, with a catalogue of her published portraits
lated by John Addington Symonds. This also contains a biographical sketch of Cellini and an introduction to this edition upon the old Italian as artist and writer, by Royal Cortissoz, with reproductions of 40 original portraits and views. WORKS CONCERNING MUSIC.
The latest collection in the series "The Musicians' Library", which is being brought out in such satisfactory typographical form by Oliver Ditson Company, is called "Fifty Shakespeare Songs." This collection is edited for high voice by Charles Vincent (Mus. Doc. Oxon.). From
LADY HAMILTON. BY ROMNEY. (Painting in the possession of Alfred Rothschild, Esq.) Illustration (reduced) from "The Life of Lady Hamilton."
and reproductions from the most famous paintings, has been brought out by Stokes. Mr. J. T. Herbert Baily, editor of the Connoisseur, has written the essay.
Wilhelm Bölsche's "Haeckel, His Life and Work", translated, with an introduction, by Joseph McCabe, has been brought out by George W. Jacobs.
Brentanos have imported a handsome, artistic work, in two volumes, "The Life of Benvenuto Cellini", written by himself, edited and trans
(Painted by Porphyry.)
Illustration (reduced) from "The Life of Benvenuto Cellini."
ROBERT EVANS (THE ORIGINAL OF ADAM BEDE.) (From a miniature in the possession of his grandson.) Illustration (reduced) from "The True Story of George Eliot."
the same house we have "Early Italian Piano Music", a collection of pieces written for the harpsichord and clavichord, edited by M. Esposito.
A collection of "English Songs and Ballads", edited, with accompaniments, by J. W. Jeudweine, has been brought out by Pond. It includes "a few observations" on the ballad.
In an attractively bound and illustrated volume, published by Crowell, Mr. Gustav Kobbe writes the history of Famous American Songs." These include "Home Sweet Home," Swanee River," "Dixie," "Ben Bolt," "America," The Star-Spangled Banner," and "Yankee Doodle."
A new edition (McClurg) of George P. Upton's "Standard Operas" has been brought out, with many illustrations. It outlines the plots, describes the music, and supplies interesting and useful information about the composers.
The third and final volume in the series of musical studies by Daniel Gregory Mason is
"The Romantic Composers" (Macmillan). The two preceding ones were "Beethoven and His Forerunners and "From Grieg to Brahms." In the present volume Dr. Mason gives us an introductory chapter on Romanticism in Music" and studies of Schubert, Schumann, Mendelssohn, Chopin, Berlioz, Liszt. These studies, he declares, are intended simply as guides to the music they discuss.
In his new book, "The Music of To-morrow, and Other Studies" (John Lane), Mr. Lawrence Gilman attempts to prophesy what will be the general character of the music of the next half-century. He admits the temerity of the attempt, but argues boldly and convincingly. His broad general dictum is that the permanent elements of the music of the future will have to do with "that region of experience which lies over the borderland of our spiritual consciousness." It will forsake the "incessant exploitation of the dynamic element in life" and urge us to listen for "the vibrations of the spirit beneath."
After 25 years' study, Mr. Albert Abendschein has, he believes, discovered "The Secret of the Old Masters" in preparing their paints and mixing their colors so as to last for centuries. The fruits of his labor in the study of old paintings and the digging in old archives he now sets before the reader, especially the art student,-in his book under the title already quoted, which is published by the Appletons. Mr. Abendschein demonstrates that the methods of modern painters are almost exactly opposite to those of the old masters. He has chapters on the decay of paintings, on varnishing, canvas, "tempers," the
principles of Titian, the testing of colors, "The Venetian Secret," and retouching.
Two volumes (in French) on art subjects come to us from Paris: M. Paul Gaultier's "Le Sens de L'Art" (Hachette), which is a study of the nature, rôle, and value of art (with a preface by M. Emile Boutroux, member of the Institute of France), and an illustrated study of "Verrocchio", M. Marcel Reymond, the latter one of the series "The Art Masters" published through the patronage of the French Ministry of Public Instruction and Fine Arts.
An illustrated study of Botticelli, by Charles Diehl, comes to us (in French) from the Paris publication house, the Library of Ancient and Modern Art. Professor Diehl is a member of the faculty of letters of the University of Paris.
Houghton, Mifflin & Co. bring out Rodolfo Lanciani's "Golden Days of the Renaissance in Rome", profusely illustrated, covering the period from the pontificate of Julius II. to that of Paul III.
Stokes & Co. have brought out N. Hudson Moore's "Collector's Manual", with 336 engravings, and borders by Amy Richards. The book is really a guide for collectors of antiques. The same publisher brings out Helen Churchill Candee's Decorative Styles and Periods in the Home ", with 177 illustrations.
"Modern Bookbinding" (Dutton) is the title of a book by S. T. Prideaux which treats of design and decoration from the English and French standpoints. The book is illustrated with tone prints.
ESSAYS AND ADDRESSES ON SOCIAL
In connection with the interchange of university professors between Germany and America, in which Einperor William has taken so great an interest, Prof J. Laurence Laughlin, of` the University of Chicago, was invited to deliver a course of lectures in the spring of the present year, at Berlin. These lectures were delivered in the German language, and dealt with the industrial problems that are at present occupying public attention in the United States. The lectures are now published in English, under the title "Industrial America" (Scribners). Professor Laughlin attempted to present to nonspecialist hearers such an impartial account of the situation as an inquiring foreigner might find instructive and important. It has been thought that these studies, although prepared directly for a German audience, may be useful to readers in this country who may wish to inform themselves upon the pivotal issues of the day and yet who may have no time to give to an exhaustive course of reading. The titles to the lectures are "American Competition with Europe," "Protectionism and Reciprocity," ""The Labor Problem," "The Trust Problem," ""The Railway Question," "The Banking Problem," and "The Present Status of Economic Thinking in the United States." Professor Laughlin's familiarity with these topics, as well as his ability in the discussion of them, has been made so evident to American readers by his numerous publications during the past quarter of a century that no special comment on the present work is required.
Dr. Newell Dwight Hillis, who has become, his publishers inform us, "the most read of all
our American pulpiteers in other countries," has gathered a number of his addresses on political and social morality and entitled them "The Fortune of the Republic." The book has been published by Revell.
Miss Lillian Bell (who, although she is now married, writes as though she were not) has given us a new volume of her kindly social philosophy, entitled "Why Men Remain Bachelors, and Other Luxuries" (John Lane).
Five brochures issued by the Institut Solvay (Misch & Thron, Brussels and Leipzig) come to us as publications of the Travaux de l'Institut de Sociologie. These are: a critical study of "Aryanism and Anthroposociology", by Dr. Emile Houzé; "A Sketch of Sociology", by Emile Waxweiler; The Origins of the Natural Foundation of Property", by Dr. R. Petrucci; and the two social studies, The Spirit of Democratic Government", by Adolphe Prins, professor of the University of Brussels, and "An Experience in Metallic Reduction", by L. G. Fromont.
The biting cleverness of the definitions in Mr. Ambrose Bierce's "Cynic's Word Book" (Doubleday, Page), may be felt in these samples: "Abdomen: The temple of the god Stomach, in whose worship, with sacrificial rights, all true men engage." Abscond: To move in a mysterious way, commonly with the property of another." Dramatist: One who adapts plays from the French."
Mr. Gelett Burgess' clever attempt to differentiate humanity into two classes designated by the chemical terms "bromides" and "sulphites, (originally published as an essay in the Smart Set), has been brought out in book form by B.
W. Huebsch. The bromide, declares Mr. Burgess, is best characterized by the statement that
always be depended upon to do the expected he does all his thinking by syndicate." He can thing. The sulphites, on the other hand, "are agreed upon most of the basic facts of life, and this common understanding makes it possible for them to eliminate the obvious from their conversation."
In a number of recently issued books of kindly, genial philosophy and literary reminiscence we have something of a corrective for the mass of illy conceived and worse executed novels of the period. Such works include: "The Jottings of an Old Solicitor" (Dutton), by Sir John Hollams; "Dissertations by Mr. Dooley" (Harpers); "The House of Quiet, An Autobiography" (Dutton), edited by "J. T."; "Confessions to a Heathen Idol" (Doubleday, Page & Co.). by Marion Lee; "Ledgers and Literature (John Lane Company), by George Knollys; Books, Culture and Character" (Houghton, Mifflin & Co.), by J. N. Larned; "The Pursuit of Happiness (Doubleday, Page & Co.), by George Hodges; "The Rambles of an Idler (Philadelphia: George W. Jacobs), by Charles C. Abbott; "A Woman of Wit and Wisdom Elizabeth Carter (Dutton), by Alice C. C. Gaussen; "In the Fire of the Heart" (McClure, Phillips & Co.), by Ralph Waldo Trine; "Stray Leaves" (John Lane Company), by Herbert Paul; and "The Gate of Death."