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The same as to

forfeitures incurred or recoverable for or by reason of his having so acted or omitted to act; and in case any action, suit, bill of indictment or information, shall, after the passing of this act, be brought, carried on or prosecuted against any person hereby meant to be indemnified, freed and discharged from and against any damages, penalty or forfeiture whatsoever incurred or recoverable, for or by reason of any such act or omission, such person may plead the general issue, and upon his defence give this Act and the special matter in evidence upon any trial to be had thereupon.

6. Every person who has heretofore done, or omitted to do, persons who, any act whatsoever, which according to the provisions of this have omitted' Act, it was not lawful for him to do, or omit to do, but which, to act, in L. C. by reason of the uncertainty as to the said line of division it

for like reason,

or U. C., respectively.

Act not to affect sec. 6 of

was reasonable for him to suppose he might lawfully do, or omit to do, is hereby indemnified, freed and discharged from and against all damages and penalties incurred or recoverable, for or by reason of his having done, or omitted to do, the same; and in case any action, suit, bill of indictment, or information shall, after the passing of this Act, be brought, carried or prosecuted against any person hereby meant to be indemnified, freed and discharged, from and against any damages or penalty whatsoever incurred or recoverable, for or by reason of his having done, or omitted to do, any such act, such person may plead the general issue, and upon his defence, give this Act and the special matter in evidence upon any trial to be had thereupon.

7. Nothing in this Act contained shall be construed to vary or repeal any of the provisions of the sixth section of the third cap. 3 of Con. chapter of the Consolidated Statutes for Upper Canada.

Stat. of Upper
Canada.

The Act referred to relates to the Territorial Division of Upper Canada.

TITLE III

CONSTITUTION AND POLITICAL
RIGHTS.

CON. STAT. CAN.

CAP. II.

An Act respecting the Representation of the People
in the Legislative Assembly.

ER Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the
Legislative Council and Assembly of Canada, enacts as

follows:

ELECTORAL DIVISIONS.

Towns are in

1. Except in so far as it is otherwise provided in this Act,- What Counthe Counties herein referred to are those mentioned in the ties, Cities and Chapters of the Consolidated Statutes for Upper and Lower tended in this Canada respectively, (or other Statutes in force in the said Act. divisions of the Province, respectively,) concerning Territorial Divisions, as they are therein declared to be bounded for all purposes, or for the purpose of Representation in the Legislative Assembly if specially bounded for that purpose, and the Cities and Towns herein referred to are those mentioned in the Local or other Statutes, describing and defining the said Cities and Towns, or any of them, for Municipal purposes.

The Legislative Assembly here mentioned is the former Legislative Assembly of the late Province of Canada.

2. For the purposes of this Act, the Counties and Ridings Counties to ininclude every place lying within their respective limits and not clude every place within expressly included by this Act within the limits of some City their real limits or Town entitled to return a Member or Members to the Legis- not included in lative Assembly;

some represented City or

tions, &c.

(2). All augmentations or gores of Seigniories, Parishes or Town. Townships, and all Towns, Villages or reserves for the same, Towns, Villanot specially mentioned in this Act, shall be considered as ges,augmentaforming part of the County or Riding in which the principal part of such locality, or in the immediate vicinity of which such Town, Village or reserve is situate,-unless it is otherwise ordered in some Statute in force;

Cities and

(3.) But the several Cities and Towns which under this Act Represented are entitled to elect a Member or Members to represent them Towns not to respectively in the Legislative Assembly, shall not, for the pur- form, for the pose of Representation in the Legislative Assembly or in the purposes of this Act, part Legislative Council, be deemed to form part of the Counties or of the Counties Ridings within the limits whereof they respectively lie.

By the B. N. A. Act it was further enacted. (See B. N. A. Act Sched. 1, ad finem).

Every Town and incorporated Village existing at the Union, not specially mentioned in this Schedule, is to be taken as Part of the County or Riding within which it is locally situate.

SPECIAL DIVISIONS FOR PURPOSES OF REPRESENTATION.

3-7. These Sections relate to Lower Canada only.

In Upper Canada.

within which they lie.

8. The following Counties in Upper Canada shall be divided Certain Couninto Ridings for the purpose of Representation, and each of such Ridings shall form an Electoral Division:

ties divided into Ridings.

(1.) THE COUNTY OF YORK shall be divided into three Rid- York.

Middlesex.

Oxford.

Hastings.

ings, to be called respectively the North Riding, the East Riding, and the West Riding:

The North Riding shall consist of the Townships of King, Whitchurch, Georgina, East Gwillimbury and North Gwillimbury:

The East Riding shall consist of the Townships of Markham, Scarborough, and that portion of the Township of York lying East of Yonge Street and the Village of Yorkville;

The West Riding shall consist of the Townships of Etobicoke, Vaughan, and that portion of the Township of York lying West of Yonge Street.

The Village of Richmond Hill was added to the West Riding of York by 37 V., c. 12 (Dom.) Also for Representation in the Ontario Assembly by 38 V. c. 2, s. 19 (Ont.)

(2.) THE COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX was divided by this Act into two Ridings, West and East Ridings. The B. N. A. Act substituted three Ridings. The East Riding was left as formed by this Act-as follows:

The East Riding shall consist of the Townships of West Nissouri, North Dorchester, Westminster and London;

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The other two Ridings were formed by the B. N. A. Act, as follows:

The North Riding to consist the Townships of McGillivray and Biddulph (taken from the County of Huron) and Williams East, Williams West, Adelaide, and Lobo.

The West Riding to consist of the Townships of Delaware, Caradoc, Metcalfe, Mosa, and Ekfrid, and the Village (now Town) of Strathroy. See B. N. A. Act, Sched. 1, Nos. 34, 49, and 50.

(3). THE COUNTY OF OXFORD shall be divided into two Ridings, to be called respectively the North Riding and the South Riding:

The North Riding shall consist of the Townships of East Nissouri, East Zorra, West Zorra, Blandford, Blenheim, and the Town of Woodstock;

The South Riding shall consist of the Townships of North Oxford, West Oxford, East Oxford, North Norwich, South Norwich and Dereham.

(4.) THE COUNTY OF HASTINGS was divided by this Act into two Rilings, called respectively the North Riding and the South Riding; the B. N. A. Act substituted the three following. (See Sched. 1. B. N. A. Act Nos. 75, 76, 77):

The West Riding to consist of the Town of Belleville, the Township of Sydney, and the Village of Trenton.

The East Riding to consist of the Townships of Thurlow, Tyendinaga, and Hungerford.

The North Riding to consist of the Townships of Rawdon, Huntingdon, Madoc, Elzevir, Tudor, Marmora, and Lake, and the Village of Stirling, and any other surveyed Townships lying to the north of the said North Riding.

(5.) THE COUNTY OF DURHAM shall be divided into two Durham. Ridings, to be called respectively the East Riding and the West Riding:

The East Riding shall consist of the Townships of Cavan, Manvers, Hope, and the Town of Port Hope;

The West Riding shall consist of the Townships of Clarke, Darlington and Cartwright.

(6.) THE COUNTY OF NORTHUMBERLAND shall be divided into Northumbertwo Ridings, to be called respectively the East Riding and the land. West Riding:

The East Riding shall consist of the Townships of Cramahe, Brighton, Murray, Seymour and Percy;

For Representation in the Ontario Assembly the East Riding of Northumberland includes the whole of the Village of Hastings. See 38 V., c. 2, s. 19 (Ont.)

The West Riding shall consist of the Townships of Hamilton, Haldimand, Alnwick South Monaghan and the Town of Cobourg;

The Township of South Monaghan formerly attached to the West Riding of Northumberland was transferred to the West Riding of Peterborough by B. N. A. Act, (see Schedule 1, to that Act Nos. 16 and 73).

(7.) THE COUNTY OF ONTARIO shall be divided into two Ontario. Ridings, to be called respectively the North Riding and the South Riding:

The North Riding shall consist of the Townships of Reach, Uxbridge, Brock, Scott, Thorah, Mara, Rama and Scugog;

The South Riding shall consist of the Townships of Whitby, and East Whitby, Pickering, the Town of Whitby and the Village of Oshawa.

(8.) THE COUNTY OF WENTWORTH shall be divided into two Wentworth. Ridings, to be called respectively the North Riding and the

South Riding:

Lanark.

Simcoe.

Leeds and
Grenville.

The North Riding shall consist of the Townships of Beverly, Flamborough East, Flamborough West, and the Town of Dundas;

The South Riding shall consist of the Townships of Saltfleet, Binbrook, Glanford, Barton and Ancaster.

(9.) THE COUNTY OF LANARK shall be divided into two Ridings, to be called respectively the North Riding and the South Riding:

The North Riding shall consist of the Townships of Sherbrooke North, Dalhousie, Lanark, Ramsay, Lavant, Darling and Pakenham;

The North Riding includes the Village of Carleton Place for purposes of Representation in the Ontario Assembly. See 38 V., c. 2, s. 19 (Ont.)

The South Riding shall consist of the Townships of Montague, Elmsley North, Burgess North, Sherbrooke South, Beckwith, Drummond, Bathurst and the Town of Perth.

(10.) THE COUNTY OF SIMCOE was divided by this Act into two Ridings, to be called respectively the North Riding and the South Riding: The B. N. Â. Act (Schedule 1, Nos. 69 and 70), substituted the following Ridings:

The South Riding to consist of the Townships of West Gwillimbury, Tecumseth, Innisfil, Essa, Tossorontio, Mulmur, and the Village of Bradford.

The North Riding to consist of the Townships of Nottawasaga, Sunnidale, Vespra, Flos, Oro, Medonte, Orillia and Matchedash, Tiny and Tay, Balaklava and Robinson, and the Towns of Barrie and Collingwood.

"Robinson," a mistake in C. S. C. c. 2, was corrected to "Morrison" by 23 V., c. 40, s. 3, but this correction was overlooked in the B. N. A. Act. There is no Township of Robinson in the County of Simcoe, nor is there a Township of Balaklava.

By 35 V., c. 13, (Dom.) Morrison is included in the Electoral District of Muskoka.

For Representation in the Ontario Assembly, portions of the County of Simcoe are included in the Electoral Divisions of Dufferin, Cardwell, Parry Sound and Muskoka, and what remains of Simcoe is divided into Three Ridings. See 38 V., c. 2, s. 13 (Ont.)

(11.) THE COUNTIES OF LEEDS AND GRENVILLE shall be formed into three Ridings, to be called respectively the North Riding of Leeds and Grenville, the South Riding of Leeds, and the South Riding of Grenville:

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