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subjects and accounts for and on account of which moneys are appropriated, shall contain more than one subject, which shall be clearly expressed in its title. [R. S. 1889, Sec. 1243.

SEC. 3. Bill, when an ordinance.-No bill shall become an ordinance unless upon its final passage the majority of all the members elected vote in its favor, and the vote be taken by yeas and nays, the names of the members voting for and against the same be entered on the journal. 1889, Sec. 1245.

[R. S.

SEC. 4. Ordinance, revival of.--No ordinance shall be revived or re-enacted by mere reference to the title thereof; but the same shall be set forth at length, as if it were an original ordinance. [R. S. 1889, Sec. 1246.

SEC. 5. Amendment of.--No ordinance shall be amended by providing that designated words thereof be stricken out, or that designated words be inserted, or that designated words be stricken out and others be inserted in lieu thereof; but the ordinance or section amended shall be set forth in full as amended. [R. S. 1889, Sec. 1247.

SEC. 6. Bill to be approved by mayor.-Every bill which shall have been passed by the common council shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the the mayor for his approval; if he approves the bill, he shall sign it; if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to the common council, which objections shall be entered at large on the journal, and the bill be reconsidered; if, after such reconsideration, twothirds of all the members elected to the common council shall pass the same, it shall become a law. In all such cases the vote shall be taken by yeas and nays, and entered on the journal of the common council. [R. S. 1889, Sec. 1265.

SEC. 7. To become a law, when.--If any bill shall not be returned by the mayor within five days, Sundays excepted, after it shall have been presented to him for his

approval, the same shall become a law, in the same manner as if he had approved and signed it. [R. S. 1889, Sec. 1266.

SEC. 8. Proceedings to be published.--The common council shall cause a correct abstract of its proceedings to be made out and published in at least one newspaper in the city. The abstract shall present the substance of all petitions, memorials, remonstrances, of all motions and propositions, and all bills, resolutions and orders, so as to exhibit their nature and import, and shall also present a brief and accurate statement of all proceedings in relation thereto. The communications of the mayor and other city officers shall be published in full, when the common council shall so direct; but it shall be so ordered that the expense of publishing the same document a second time shall not be incurred. [R. S. 1889, Sec. 1267.

SEC. 9. Ordinances, how authenticated. - All ordinances of the city may be proved by the seal of the corporation. When printed and published by the authority of the corporation, the same shall be received in evidence in all courts and places without further proof. [R. S. 1889, Sec. 1268.

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SECTION. 1. Power and duties of the mayor and council.—The mayor and common council shall have power within the city, by ordinance, not inconsistent with the constitution or any law of this state, or of this article:

I. To prevent obstructions in rivers, etc.-To remove and prevent all obstructions in the rivers within such city, and to widen, straighten or deepen the same; to improve and preserve the navigation thereof, and to erect, repair and regulate wharves and docks, and regulate the rates of wharfage within the limits of the city.

II. May levy taxes-may borrow money-when. To assess, levy and collect all taxes for general and special purposes on all real and personal property and licenses, and, when the revenues of the city at the beginning of any fiscal year, collected and in the treasury unappropriated, shall not be sufficient to defray the ordinary expenses of the city government until the revenues can be collected, as provided by law, for such year, to borrow, within the first thirty days of such year, any sum or sums not exceeding in the aggregate twenty-five per centum of the revenue provided for the current fiscal year, for a period not exceeding ninety days, at a rate of interest not exceeding eight per centum per annum, for which loan or loans the obligations of the city shall be given in such manner as shall be prescribed by ordinance; and said loan or loans shall be repaid out of the first revenues collected upon the tax levy for such fiscal year, and until so repaid, and a written certificate of that fact shall have been filed by the comptroller with the city clerk, no city warrant or warrants, except for the disbursement of the money so borrowed, and except for the payment of said loan or loans and interest on the bonded debt of the city, shall be issued for any purpose whatever; and if any warrant or warrants are issued in violation hereof, they shall be void, and any warrant drawn in violation hereof shall render the official who shall have drawn or signed the same, and the treasurer who shall have paid the same, each liable, personally and upon his official bond, for the full amount of such warrants; the money so borrowed shall be deposited in the treasury and be appropriated and disbursed for the ordinary and necessary expenses of the city government, and for no other purpose whatsoever: Provided, that

in estimating the income and revenue of the city for the purpose of limiting such loan, the same shall be ascertained from the city assessment for the previous fiscal year: Provided, further, bonds may be issued as provided in the constitution in the renewal of outstanding bonds, when for want of funds the city is unable to pay such outstanding bonds.

III. Limitation of taxation. To levy and collect a general tax of not exceeding one per centum for each fiscal year upon all property in the city liable to taxation for state purposes, and not by general law exempt from municipal taxation. The fiscal year shall commence on the third Monday in April of each year.

IV. Poll Tax. To levy and collect a poll tax, not exceeding one dollar and fifty cents for every year, upon all male persons, residents of the city, over the age of twenty-one years and under sixty, which tax shall be appropriated to the improvement of the streets within the limits of the city, and to no other purpose. All residents of the city shall be exempt from working on public roads or highways beyond the city limits, nor shall they be compelled to pay any tax for keeping the same in repair.

V. Tax for payment of bonds. The mayor and common council shall, also, each fiscal year, by ordinance, levy and cause to be collected a tax upon real and personal property, taxable by law for state purposes, within said city, and not by general law exempt from municipal taxation, sufficient for the payment of the amount which may be certified to them by the comptroller, to be raised by taxation for the payment of bonds and coupons maturing during the fiscal year.

VI. To appropriate money, etc.-To appropriate money and to provide for the payment of the debts and expenses of the city.

VII. Power as to franchises, etc.-To regulate and control the use of all rights, franchises and privileges granted

by it, and is prohibited from releasing or surrendering such

power.

VIII. To establish streets, etc.-To establish, open, vacate, alter, widen, extend, pave or otherwise improve, and sprinkle, all streets, avenues, sidewalks, alleys, wharves and public grounds and squares, and provide for the payment of the costs and expenses thereof, in the manner in this article prescribed; and also to provide for grading, lighting, cleaning and repairing the same, and to condemn private property for public uses, as provided for in this article; to establish and maintain water works for fully supplying the city with wholesome water, and to distribute the same for public and private uses in such manner and upon such terms as shall be provided by ordinance; to establish and maintain a sanitary system and a fire department.

IX. To erect city hall, workhouses, etc. To erect, purchase or rent a city hall, workhouses, houses of correction, poor houses, insane asylums, engine houses, and all other necessary municipal buildings; sell, lease, abolish or otherwise dispose of the same, and to inclose, improve, regulate or sell all parks and other public grounds belonging to the city.

X. Ordinances to secure health, etc.-The mayor and common council shall have power to make regulations, by ordinance, to secure the general health of the inhabitants of the city by any measure to regulate, suppress or abate, within the limits of the city, slaughter houses, slaughtering animals, soap factories, stock yards, pig pens, cow stables and dairies, coal oil and vitriol factories, and to remove the same; and to regulate or prevent the carrying on of any business which may be dangerous or detrimental to the public health, or the manufacture or vending of articles obnoxious to the health of the inhabitants; to define what shall be deemed nuisances, to prevent, abate and remove nuisances on public or private property in a summary manner, at the cost of the occupant or owner of the premises where the nuisance or cause thereof may be :

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