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course of brick upon the flat side, corresponding in direction with the length of the street; the joints of this layer shall be filled with sand and thoroughly swept in, upon this shall be spread a layer of coarse sand at least one inch thick, upon which shall be laid the top course of brick upon edge, and at right angles to the street; the joints of this course shall be then filled with sand thoroughly swept in, after which the whole shall be thoroughly rammed with a heavy rammer, striking upon a board, and then covered with one-half inch of sand. Brick crosswalks shall be five feet wide as near as may be, including two white or burr oak barge boards, three inches thick, one on each side of the brick work, extending from curb to curb or from gutter to gutter. The work shall be so laid to conform, after rainming, to the surface of the street as follows: The center line of crosswalks shall be one and one-half inches above the adjacent macadam or graded roadway, and the outer edge of each barge board, after being beveled three-eighths of an inch, shall conform to the surface of the macadam or graded roadway.

On

C. Crosswalks may be of hard burned brick suitable for roadway paving laid in sand, on a broken stone base as follows: the sub-grade shall be excavated to the proper depth and thoroughly rammed if deemed necessary by the engineer. the sub-grade shall be laid a six inch course of stone broken to pass a four inch ring, the interstices filled with coarse sand; on this shall be placed a two inch course of stone broken to pass through a one and one-half inch ring, and the interstices filled with coarse sand; upon this shall be spread a layer of sand one and one-half inches thick and on this layer of sand a course of brick on edge, laid at right angles to the direction of the street, the joints to be filled with coarse sand thoroughly swept in; the whole walk shall then be thoroughly rammed with a heavy rammer striking a plank and covered with onehalf inch layer of sand. The walk shall be five feet wide including the barge boards of the kind described in specification "B" above and laid as therein required; the surface of

the crosswalks shall conform as that described in specification "B" above. Whenever a crosswalk and crossgutter adjoins, then one of the barge boards prescribed for crosswalk shall be omitted.

D. Wooden or second-class crosswalks shall be constructed of four courses of two by eight inch white or burr oak plank extending from sidewalk line to sidewalk line and supported on two by eight inch cross plank or sleepers of same material. The cross pieces shall have two of the corners suitably beveled off so that the two inside planks shall lay horizontal and the two outside planks on a bevel to allow of the easy crossing of vehicles The sleepers shall be placed The cross

every four feet across the length of the crosswalk. walks shall so conform to the actual lay of the roadway as to cause as little grading as possible. [G. O. No. 319, Sec. 2.

SEC. 9. First-class crossings; contract, how let. -The city engineer is hereby instructed when ordered to construct first-class crossings on streets, to advertise for bids for the doing of said work, the contract for the doing of the work named to be let the same as contracts for other public work are let. [G. O. No. 214, Sec. 1.

SEC. 10. Repair of streets. Whenever the mayor and common council shall, by ordinance, direct the macadamizing, curbing, guttering or paving upon any street, alley or avenue in said city to be repaired, or the re-macadamizing, re-curbing, re-guttering, re-paving or other improvements of said streets, alleys or avenues, or the pavement upon any sidewalk upon any street, alley or avenue in said city to be repaired, re-paved or otherwise improved, the city engineer shall without any unnecessary delay, let and contract for in the usual manner, according to the laws and ordinances of said city, the work and improvements so directed and ordered by the mayor and council, and the costs thereof, shall be assessed and collected in accordance with the city charter [laws governing the city]. [R. O. 1888, Chap. 72, Sec. 9.

SECTION

ARTICLE IV.

EXCAVATING IN STREETS.

1. Excavations, permit for - regulation of.

2. Applicant for permit must file bond. 3. Permit must be kept on the work; returned, when. Plat or plan of work to be submitted, when.

4. Fees for permits.

5. Application shall state when work
to be commenced-work treated
as defective, when.
SECTION 1.

SECTION

6. Penalty for violation of foregoing section.

7. Excavations shall be guarded, how; red lights to be maintained.

8. Not to effect ordinance governing sewer work.

9. Permits for hitching posts and shade trees.

Excavations-permit for-regulation

of.—No person, partnership, corporation or association, including corporations or other persons possessing franchises under the city of St. Joseph, authorizing the laying of tracks, the setting of poles, the laying of conduits, pipes or mains or service pipes connecting therewith in the streets, alleys or public places of this city, shall disturb the surface, take up any sidewalk, roadway paving or any part thereof, in any street, alley or public place, nor shall dig or make any excavation, hole, ditch or trench in or under any street, alley or other public place in said city or remove therefrom any sod, earth or other substance without a written or printed permit so to do from the city engineer of said city. The permit herein required shall be issued only upon the written request of the applicant or his agent, or in case of corporations some officer thereof, and in which request the applicant shall agree to save the city of St.. Joseph harmless from all damages which may accrue to any person or property by reason of such disturbance, digging, excavating or interfering with the natural surface, or with the sidewalk or roadway pavement, or by reason of any failure to replace the same in safe and secure condition, and said applicant shall further agree to replace all material, and any pavement or other improvement removed or disturbed, in as good condition as before and in the manner which shall be prescribed

by the city engineer, and that in case any material, paving or other improvement removed or disturbed, is not suitable, in the judgment of the city engineer, to be used again in the back filling, repaving or replacing of any improvement, such material, paving or other improvement shall be at once removed and other of approved nature and quality provided in its place. And it shall be a further condition of any permit issued hereunder, that said applicant or his securities on the bond herein. prescribed, shall make good within forty-eight hours after notice, oral or written, from the city engineer or police officer, any repairs to any opening, excavation, hole, trench or ditch, the backfilling therein or thereover, or the sidewalk or roadway thereover or thereabouts, and it shall be deemed sufficient for such notice to only declare that the street, alley or other public place is out of repair at the location specified in the permit and by reason of the work done in pursuance of the same, and upon such notice, the applicant shall with all reasonable speed, place suitable barricades and signals at the locality and maintain the same until the work of repair is completed, and that upon the failure of said applicant or his securities upon the bond hereinafter prescribed to so place such barricades and signals, or in case said applicant cannot be speedily found, the city may proceed to place such barricades and signals and make such. repairs as the agent simply of said applicant, and said applicant shall within ten days thereafter make good to said city all costs for labor, material and superintendence. And the failure of the city engineer or police officer to notify said applicant or his bondsmen, shall not in any sense relieve them from their liability over to said city for any damage to person or property which may accrue to said city, and which would not have so accrued if said digging, excavation, hole, trench or ditch or disturbance had not been made. [G. O. No. 369, Sec. 1.

SEC. 2. Applicant for permit must file bond.The application of any individual, individuals or incorporated association, must bear the endorsement of the comptroller of

the city of St. Joseph that a bond in the sum of five hundred dollars, approved by said comptroller, has been filed in his office as security that said applicant will well and truly perform and comply with each, every and all the conditions of the permit issued to him or them and prescribed in this ordinance: Provided, that any licensed plumber may file with the city comptroller a bond in the penal sum of two thousand dollar, with at least two securities, to be approved by said city comptroller, conditioned in every respect as the bond of five hundred dollars in said ordinance mentioned, which said bond of two thousand dollars shall be held as indemnity by said city to apply to and cover all permits issued to such licensed plumber, and upon the filing of such bond by any licensed plumber, the comptroller's certificate, as herein before provided for, shall not be required of such licensed plumber, but he shall make application for the permit and pay for the same for each opening of a street or other work in the same manner as is provided for all other persons in this ordinance. [G. O. No. 369, Sec. Amended G. O. No. 381.

2.

SEC. 3. Permit must be kept on the work; returned, when- plat or plan of work to be submitted, when.-The city engineer shall preserve in his office all applications made, and all permits issued shall be detached from the stubs, which shall at the time of issue be filled out in full as the permit itself, and be bound in books, and said stub books preserved in his office. Such permit and stub shall be regularly numbered in the order issued, and such permit must be kept upon the work and exhibited to any police officer or inspector asking for the same, and although a permit may have been issued, if not kept constantly upon the work, such work shall be deemed as done without a permit. Upon the completion of the work the permit shall be returned to the city engineer's office endorsed with the name of the plumber, mechanic or foreman performing the work or overseeing the same, and upon failure so to do the city engineer may refuse

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