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the mayor and common council shall, by ordinance, direct any street, avenue or alley to be prepared for the macadamizing, curbing and guttering, those portions above grade shall be excavated, and those below grade shall be filled up, under the direction and supervision of the city engineer, until the desired grade is obtained. All excess of material in any street shall be deposited in such places as the city engineer may direct. The roadway shall be so shaped and rounded, and the sidewalks brought to such grade and width, as will be indicated by the stakes set and the instructions given by the city engineer for that purpose. The grading of each block shall be fully completed before any macadamizing is laid on, and no stones shall be broken on the streets under contract, unless the city engineer shall give his permission, in writing, to that effect. [R. O. 1888, Chap. 38, Sec. 1.

SEC. 2. Curbing shall consist of what.-The material for the curbing shall consist of the best quality of artificial stone, lime or sandstone, free from seams, clay or shale, and perfectly sound in every respect. No stone shall be less than twenty-four inches deep and thirty-inches long, and the top, after being dressed, shall be at least five inches thick. The whole face and top shall be hammered, sawn or dressed, and the back, for a space of four inches below the top, shall be brought to a uniform surface, so as to fit closely to a brick or

stone sidewalk. The plane of the top shall make, with the face, an angle of 102 degrees, to be varied as the city engineer may direct, and the top shall be set so that it shall correspond to the plane of the sidewalk paving. No stone shall be less than five inches thick at the base; the joints shall be truly vertical, and to dressed as not to show an opening exceeding half an inch anywhere above the guttering. [R. O. 1888, Chap. 38, Sec. 2. Amended G. O. No. 300.

SEC. 3. Guttering, to be done in what manner. -The material used for the guttering shall consist of either limestone fully as good as that used for curbing, or hard burned vitrified brick, as the common council may direct; if limestone be used, the stone shall be hammer dressed on its entire upper surface, and so dressed and shaped at the curb side as to fit closely thereto throughout its entire thickness; the joints shall be correctly at right angles to the line of the curb, and shall be so dressed that no opening shall exceed half an inch; the gutter stones shall break joints with the curb stones, and the gutter shall not be less than three and one half feet wide; no stone shall be less than eight inches long, six inches wide and nine inches thick; the side of the guttering next to the macadamizing shall be brought to a true line and elevated five inches. higher than the curb side, unless the city engineer shall otherwise direct. The gutter stones shall be set on a base of not less than four inches of sand, and all intersections shall be thoroughly filled with clean sand, swept in and rammed down. If brick be used, the brick shall be hard burned vitrified brick two inches by four inches by eight inches in size, laid in two courses in clean sharp sand in the same manner as required for street pavement, or of the same quality of brick made in special shapes and sizes for this purpose as may be determined from time to time by the city engineer. The side gutter shall be not less than three and one half feet wide, and the side next to the macadamizing shall be brought to a true line and elevated at such height above the curb side as the engineer

may direct.

The cross gutters shall be of such shape and dimensions as may be ordered by the city engineer. [R. O. 1888, Chap. 38, Sec. 3. Amended G. O. No. 234.

SEC. 4. City engineer to contract for costs-how paid. Whenever the common council shall, by ordinance, direct any street, alley or avenue to be macadamized, paved or otherwise improved, the city engineer shall, without unnecessary delay, let and contract for, in the usual manner, the improvement of such street, alley or avenue, and the costs thereof shall be assessed and collected in accordance with the provisions of the charter of [the general law governing] the city. Said engineer shall also cause said street, alley or avenue to be prepared (by contract or otherwise, as may be directed by the common council) for such macadamizing, paving or other improvement. [R. O. 1888, Chap. 38, Sec. 4.

SEC. 5. Macadamizing, to be done in what manner.- Before macadamizing, the road bed shall be thoroughly settled, so as to have a compact and uniform surface, and the macadamizing shall not be commenced until the city engineer has approved of the road bed. The material for macadamizing shall consist of clean, sound limestone, broken to a size sufficiently small that each stone may pass through a ring four inches in diameter, to be at least six inches in depth next to the guttering, and to be gradually increased to the depth of ten inches in the center of the roadway; the rock to be laid as close and compact as possible. Second: A layer of sound lime stone rock, broken as near as possible to a size so as to pass through a ring of one and one half inches in diameter, shall be laid over said rock to a depth of five inches next to the guttering, and to be increased to a depth of eight inches in the center; the layer of rock constituting the roadway, as above described, and the layer of broken stone placed over it, shall, when completed, describe as near as may be the segment of a circle in its upper surface, having a depth of eleven inches at the guttering and a depth of eighteen inches in the

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center of roadway; and as topdressed with one inch in The whole shall be executed ably to the city engineer, to whom the right is reserved of making, in the foregoing specifications, any alterations that to him may seem expedient or necessary. [R. O. 1888, Chap. 38, Sec. 5.

each block is finished, it shall be depth of bluff, thoroughly rolled. under the supervision and agree

SEC. 6. Crossgutters, how and of what to be made.—Crossgutters which may hereafter be constructed in the streets, alleys or highways of the city of St. Joseph, shall be constructed of the materials and laid in the manner provided in the one of three sets of specifications following, as the common council may at the time direct:

A. Shall consist of paving stone as prescribed in section three, of this article, and laid as therein provided.

B. Shall consist of two courses of hard burned brick, suitable for street paving, and laid in sand, in the manner prescribed for street paving with brick.

C. Shall consist of a course of hard burned brick, suitable for street paving, laid in sand upon a bottom course of broken stone filled with sand.

All gutters across streets shall be no more than eight inches in depth, with a sufficient surface at the bottom to carry the water off the street, and shall be gradually widened to the top, so as not to incommode the use of vehicles.

The details of work under specifications A, B and C, above mentioned, shall strictly conform to those set forth in like lettered specifications in section eight of this article, excepting only as to the conformation and finished surface of the work. [R. O. 1888, Chap. 38, Sec. 6. Amended G. 0. No. 322.

SEC. 7.

tions.

Crosswalks shall conform to specificaAll crosswalks hereafter to be laid and constructed in the city of St. Joseph, shall conform to the one of the four

sets of specifications following, as the common council may direct. [G. O. No. 319, Sec, 1.

SEC. 8. Crosswalks, how and what to be made of.-Crosswalks shall consist of the materials named in the four following specifications, A, B, C and D, and laid and constructed as therein set forth respectively:

A. Shall consist of stone flagging and paving stone laid in sand as follows; two parallel rows of flagging placed end to end across the street from curb to curb, and separated by two rows of paving stones; there shall also be placed a single row of paving stones along the outer edge of each row of flagging; the flagging shall be of sound limestone, laid upon its natural bed, the flags to be hammer dressed or sawn upon the entire upper surface, ends and edges, not less than thirtysix inches long, eighteen inches wide and eight inches thick, the width to be practically uniform for each row of flags throughout its length. The paving stone shall conform strictly to the requirements of section three of this article for guttering stone; the whole shall be laid upon a bed of not less than four inches of coarse sand, and all interstices filled with coarse sand swept in, and the stones and flags rammed down thoroughly, so that the finished surface of the crosswalks shall be as follows: the center line of the crosswalks shall remain one inch and one half above the finished surface of the macadam or graded roadway, the outer edge of each row of flags shall be one half inch above the macadam or graded roadway, and the outer row of paving stone shall be so dressed that its outer edge shall be one-quarter of an inch above the macadam or graded roadway; towards the ends of the crosswalks they shall conform to the surface of the gutter.

B. Shall consist of hard burned brick of suitable quality for street paving, laid in sand as follows; first the foundation shall be graded to the proper depth, and thoroughly rammed if deemed necessary by the city engineer, then covered with at least four inches of coarse sand; upon this shall be laid one

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