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thereto by imprisonment in the city prison or workhouse for a term not exceeding three months. Upon such trial and conviction the judgment in addition to the punishment herein before provided for, shall be that the structure complained of shall be abated as a nuisance, and that the same shall be by the chief of police either taken down or properly secured, and a writ shall issue upon such judgment directed to the chief of police of said city of St. Joseph, directing him forthwith to proceed to abate, take down or otherwise secure such structure so as to make it safe and secure. All expenses incurred in the execution of such writ of abatement of any nuisance on any private property within the city of St. Joseph, shall be by said. chief of police duly itemized, stated and returned with said writ of abatement to the city engineer, who shall thereupon assess the same as a special tax against the lot or lots, or parcels of ground upon which such nuisance was located, describing the property and the owner thereof, and shall issue a special tax bill therefor against such property in the same manner and with the same effect as special tax bills are issued for paving. [G. O. No. 101, Sec. 5. Amended G. O. No. 333.

SEC. 6. Duty of Superintendent as to dangerous building.-If any building in the city of St. Joseph shall appear, upon examination by the superintendent of buildings, to be especially dangerous to life and limb by reason of insufficient thickness of walls, overloaded floors, defective construction or other causes, such building shall be held and taken to be dangerous, within the meaning of and subject to all of the provisions of this ordinance; and the superintendent of buildings, besides proceeding as herein before provided, may affix a notice of the dangerous character of the structure to a conspicuous place on the exterior wall of said building. Any person or persons removing such notice so affixed, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than twenty dollars nor more than five hundred dollars for each and every offense. [G. O. No. 101, Sec. 6.

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SECTION 1. Wall, structure and building, etc.No wall, structure, building, part or parts thereof, shall hereafter be built, constructed, altered or repaired, except in conformity with the provisions of this ordinance. 103, Sec. 1.

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SEC. 2. Foundations to be of masonry.-Proper foundations of masonry shall be prepared for the support of buildings. Business buildings fronting streets having sewers, shall have their foundations sunk at least twelve inches below the drainage, and no foundation shall be less than three feet below the exposed surface of the ground. The breadths of foundation of the several parts of any building, shall be proportioned so that the pressure shall, as nearly as practicable, be equal on each square of the foundation. [G. O. No. 103, Sec. 2.

SEC. 3. Walls to be anchored.-In brick walls every seventh course shall be headers. Walls shall be securely anchored at the top of each story. All floor-beams, joists and headers shall be kept at least two inches clear of any wall enclosing a fire flue or chimney breast. [G. O. No. 103, Sec. 3.

SEC. 4. Buildings outside of fire limits. - All buildings erected outside of the fire limits shall be constructed of materials suitable for the purpose, and in a safe and workmanlike manner. [G. O. No. 103, Sec. 4.

SEC. 5. Walls within the fire limits, how constructed. No building or structure of any kind or description, except as hereinafter provided, shall be erected or constructed within the fire limits, unless both the outside and party walls thereof shall be composed of brick, stone, iron or other incombustible material; and all buildings which shall, or may hereafter be erected or constructed within said fire. limits, shall have outside walls of not less than thirteen inches in thickness; and if any building shall be more than two stories in height above the basement, the outside walls of the basement shall not be less than eighteen inches in thickness; the outside walls of the first story shall not be less than thirteen inches in thickness, and the walls of the stories above shall not be less than thirteen inches in thickness: Provided, that buildings erected and used as dwellings only, may be constructed with walls four and one-half inches less in thickness than is hereby above specified; and provided further, that any building, cottage or barn one story in height, may be built with walls not less than nine inches thick. [G. O. No. 103, Sec. 5.

SEC. 6.

Roofs to be of tin or slate. All roofs of buildings erected or constructed for business purposes within the fire limits, shall be of tin, slate or some other non-combustible material. [G. O. No. 103, Sec. 6.

SEC. 7. Chimneys and flues - how built.—– All chimneys shall be built of brick, stone or other fire-proof, nonconducting material. All brick flues shall be smoothly plastered inside with mortar, from top to bottom, and all flues shall be not less than nine inches square on the inside. Brick flues not starting from the foundation walls, shall be securely built into the brick work of the walls to which they are hung. In

no case shall chimneys rest upon any flooring without a footing of masonry or iron, supported by iron beams having a secure bearing on masonry or iron at either end. All flues shall be topped out at least three and one-half feet above the building to which they belong. [G. O. No. 103, Sec. 7.

SEC. 8. Buildings to be of incombustible material.-In any buildings more than two stories in height hereafter to be erected as a tenement house or lodging house, in which the lower part is intended to be used for business or manufacturing purposes of any kind, the hall partitions from the cellar to the second floor shall be built of brick or stone, or other incombustible material. [G. O. No. 103, Sec. 8.

SEC. 9. Walls to be protected.--All walls of buildings hereafter to be erected on the line of lots between different owners, not extending down below the curb level upon the streets where said buildings are erected, to the depth of nine feet to the bottom of footings, for business houses, shall be underpinned, sustained and protected at the entire charge and cost of the owner or owners thereof: Provided, however, that it shall be the duty of the adjoining owner or owners wishing to sink their cellars or walls to a greater depth than those adjoining, to give timely written notice to the owner or owners of prior erected buildings of their intention to do so, and shall also permit the occupancy of their ground to so protect and underpin the said walls, building or buildings; but in all cases where the former walls have been down the depth as above specified, and then in that case parties building upon the adjoining lots and excavating their cellars to a greater depth than above named, shall at their own cost and expense, use all proper care to underpin, sustain and protect the former erected walls or buildings. [G. O. No. 103, Sec. 9.

SEC. 10. Wooden buildings, etc., authorized by superintendent.- No frame or wooden building, shed, exterior stairway, stoop, balcony, piazza, platform or other

structure in whole or in part of wood, inside the fire limits, shall be erected, except the same be open on one or more sides, and the same be authorized by the superintendent of buildings, under his certificate, to be first obtained therefor. [G. O. No. 103, Sec. 10.

SEC. 11. Frame building - basement walls. — Any frame building may be raised for the purpose of constructing a basement story under such building. The principal floor of such building shall not be elevated more than eight feet above the grade of the sidewalk. The walls enclosing basement shall be of brick or stonework; if of brick, if the superstructure is only one story high, the walls shall not be less than nine inches thick; if two stories high, the walls shall be thirteen inches thick. If the building to be raised is a church or other hall or assembly room, the thickness of the basement walls shall be proportioned to its length and other conditions, to be approved by the superintendent of buildings. [G. O. No. 103, Sec. 11.

SEC. 12. Superintendent to inspect buildings being erected.-It shall be the duty of the superintendent of buildings to visit and inspect each and any building or buildings which may be in the course of erection, construction or alteration within the limits of the city, and to see that such house or houses, or building or buildings are being erected or altered according to the provisions of this ordinance. His visits and inspections shall be repeated from time to time during the erection, construction or alteration of such house or houses, building or buildings, until the same is enclosed, when his duties shall terminate. [G. O. No. 103, Sec. 12.

SEC. 13. Height of stories on given thickness of walls. The height of stories for all given thickness of walls must not exceed eleven feet in the clear for basement, eighteen feet in the clear for first story, fifteen feet in the clear for second story, thirteen feet in the clear for third story, twelve feet in the clear for fourth story and fourteen feet in

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