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county purposes, previous to the incurring of such indebted-⚫ ness; provided, that with such assent any county may be allowed to become indebted to a larger amount for the erection of a court house or jail. And provided further, that any county, city, town, township, school district, or other political corporation or subdivision of the state, incurring any indebtedness, requiring the assent of the voters as aforesaid, shall, before or at the time of doing so, provide for the collection of an annual tax sufficient to pay the interest on such indebtedness as it falls due, and also to constitute a sinking fund for payment of the principal thereof, within twenty years from the time of contracting the same.

SEC. 13. Private property.-Private property shall not be taken or sold for the payment of the corporate debt of a municipal corporation.

SEC. 17. The making of profit.-The making of profit out of state, county, city, town or school district money, or using the same for any purpose not authorized by law, by any public officer, shall be deemed a felony, and shall be punished as provided by law.

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SEC. 20. Moneys not to be misapplied. The moneys arising from any loan, debt or liability, contracted by the state or any county, city, town or other municipal corporation, shall be applied to the purposes for which they were obtained, or to the repayment of such debt or liability, and not otherwise.

ARTICLE XI.

EDUCATION.

SECTION 11. Funds not to be used for sectarian purposes.

SECTION 11. Funds not to be used for sectarian purposes.- Neither the General Assembly, nor any county, city, town, township, school district or other municipal corporation, shall ever make an appropriation or pay from any public fund whatever, anything in aid of any religious

creed, church or sectarian purpose, or to help to support or sustain any private or public school, academy, seminary, college, university or other institution of learning controlled by any religious creed, church or sectarian denomination whatever; nor shall any grant or donation of personal property or real estate ever be made by the state or any county, city, town or other municipal corporation, for any religious creed, church or sectarian purpose whatever.

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SECTION 5. Tenure of office. In the absence of any contrary provision, all officers now or hereafter elected or appointed, subject to the right of resignation, shall hold office during their official terms, and until their successors shall be duly elected or appointed and qualified.

SEC. 6. Oath of office. All officers, both civil and military, under the authority of this state, shall, before entering on the duties of their respective offices, take and subscribe an oath, or affirmation, to support the constitution of the United States and of this state, and to demean themselves faithfully in office.

SEC. 7. Removal from office.-The General Assembly shall, in addition to other penalties, provide for the removal from office of county, city, town and township officers, on conviction of willful, corrupt or fraudulent violation or neglect of official duty.

SEC. 8. Compensation or fees.--The compensation or fees of no state, county or municipal officer shall be increased during his term of office; nor shall the term of any office be extended for a longer period than that for which such officer was elected or appointed.

ORGANIZATION

AND

Classification of Cities.

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SECTION 1. Of the second class.-All cities and towns in this state containing twenty and less than one hundred thousand inhabitants, shall be cities of the second class. [R. S. 1879, Sec. 4381.

SEC. 2. City may elect to become a city of the class, etc.-Any city or town in this state, existing by virtue of the present general law, or by any local or special law, may elect to become a city of the class to which its population would entitle it under the provisions of this article by passing an ordinance or proposition, and submitting the same to the legal voters of such city or town, at an election to be held for that purpose, not less than twenty nor more than thirty days. after the passage of such ordinance or proposition; and if a majority of such voters, voting at such election, shall ratify such ordinance or proposition, the mayor or chief officer of such city or town shall issue his proclamation declaring the result of such election, and thereafter such city or town shall, by virtue of such vote, be incorporated under the provisions of the general law provided for the government of the class to which such city belongs, which class shall be determined by the last census taken, whether state or national.

[R. S. 1879, Sec. 4385.

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