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"Men bear Arms, but women bear Armies."

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1. Locate the Duchy of Luxemburg. 2. What is her present bond of sympathy with Belgium?

3. Trace the early invasions.

4. What was its position in the 15th century? What in the 18th?

5. What became of it after the Battle of Waterloo?

6. Tell of the internal revolt.

7. When did the Dutch king die and to whom did the title of Grand Duke revert? 8. Who succeeded William of Nassau? 9. What has been the effect of all this? 10. What is the language of the people? What is the official tongue?

11. Tell of the decision of the Congress of London.

12. How has Nature influenced the character of the people of Luxemburg?


Describe the peasantry.

-Olive Schreiner.

14. What can you say of its economic position?

15. Tell of its industries.

16. What influence does Prussia still exert?

17. Tell of the reigning Duchess, Marie Adelheid.

18. Describe the form of government. 19. What about the educational system? 20. What is the capital city and to what three European cities has it been compared? 21. Tell of its architecture and picturesqueness.

22. Tell of the charm and legends of the cathedral.

23. Who have been some of the famous visitors and what did Goethe say of the city?

24. How did the Germans violate the neutrality of this little country?

25. Tell of the efforts of Premier Eyschen to resist.

26. What was Germany's excuse? 27. Did Germany keep her promise that the local laws would prevail?

28. What of the special meeting of Parliament of August 4th?

29. Tell of the courageous attitude of the Grand Duchess.

30. What was the fear of the people of the Grand Duchy and why?

31. Tell of the sentiment of the people in regard to their rights as expressed by the Grand Duchess.

32. What is the importance of the ultimate disposition of Luxemburg?


1. Did England acknowledge Egypt at first? 2. What was the United States attitude toward Cuba?

3. Why did Roosevelt think certain parts of Santo Domingo were about to be seized? 4. What argument did he make with the Dominican government?

5. Why was the arrangement agreeable to the United States?

6. What is Honduras' debt?

7. Tell of the Knox treaty of 1912; of the Bryan treaty of 1913.

8. What would be our position toward Nicaragua if these treaties are ever ratified?

9. What do you think of the wisdom of

a protectorate policy in regard to these Central American states?



1. What awakened interest has Belgium's devastation brought to us?

2. When and where was Emile Verhaeren born?

3. What was Maeterlinck's judgment of him?

4. What two national characteristics are evident in his poetry?

5. What were the early tendencies of his writings?

6. How did his physical condition mirror itself in his mental development?

7. What was the poetic form of his more mature work?

8. What is the chief characteristic of his "Villages Illusoire?"

9. To what painters of note has his work been compared?

10. Why was the dedication of "Les Forces Tumulteuses" a fitting one?

11. Tell of his attitude toward the modern city.

12. What can be said of his love poems? 13. Why is he a worthy successor of Victor Hugo?

14. Who is his biographer and who translated his poems?

15. What importance has the poem "The Cathedral of Rheims" in a judgment of Verhaeren the man?


1. Who made "Mr. Spoopendyke" famous?

2. Define "humor" and "wit."

3. Who was Max Adeler?

4. Give a short biography of George Fitch.

5. State Lowell's distinction between wit and humor.

6. What were some of the famous London Coffee Houses?

7. Who was Boswell?

8. Name some of Sheridan's plays. 9. Tell of Whistler and his art.

10. Name some of Oscar Wilde's best known works.

11. What is the allusion to Cervantes, Swift and Moliere?

12. What place do the humorists hold in American literature?

13. Who used Hosea Bigelow as a character?

14. What national conditions tend to give Americans a keen sense of humor?

15. What was the chief characteristic of the earlier newspaper humorists?

16. Name some of these men and the characters they invented.

17. What well known humorists have expanded from the journalistic field to the writing of a real literature?

18. Tell of the "white suit" and other whimsicalities of Mark Twain.

19. What type of humorist was Robert J. Burdette?

20. Name some poems by Eugene Field. 21. For what is he noted in the news

paper world?

22. Tell of George Ade and John T. McCutcheon.

23. Who is Finley Peter Dunne? 24. Tell of the best known columnists of today.

THE AROUSING OF HOLLAND 1. Describe the first signs of uneasiness on the part of the Dutch.

2. How many men did Holland have on the frontier?

3. Show how a national characteristic was altered during these fretful days.

4. What was the first step in preparation for defense?

5. What did Holland import and from where?

6. Were all these precautions taken purely for defense?

7. What steps did Germany take to counteract Holland's action?

8. Describe Holland's plan of mobilization.

9. What is the geographical position of Holland?

10. What can you say of the changed mental attitude of the Dutch?

11. Where are the Dutch sympathies in this war?

12. What was the increase in Holland's population during the first month of the war?

13. Tell of Holland's reception of the refugees.

14. What part has Holland played in the lessening of kingcraft?

WAR DRAMAS-PAST AND PRESENT 1. Who was the first historian who marks a change of attitude?

2. What relativity has this changed condition with dramatic writing of to-day?

3. What appeal had war as material for drama in Shakespeare's day?

4. What has been the character of the productions of Shakesperian war plays of the last few decades?

5. Tell what part war plays in the following: "Henry V.," "Julius Caesar," "Antony and Cleopatra" and "Richard III."

6. Tell of the type of war play that followed upon the Civil War.

7. What was the direct reason for their general appeal?

8. Name some of the important plays and their authors.

9. Describe the style of dramatic incident popular with the authors of these plays.

10. What marks the transition from the 19th century war play to those now being written?

11. Name some of the most important foreign and American dramatists who have dealt with these changing conditions.

12. Who wrote "Arms and the Man?" 13. What has been the nature of the inore serious plays of the present era?

14. What is the theme of "In the Vanguard" and by whom was it written?

15. Give the key-note of "The War God." 16. Tell what you know of the poetic works of Alfred Noyes.

17. What is the general atmosphere of most of the one-act sketches on the present war?

18. Which of these has gained great public notice and who appeared in the title rôle?

19. State the theme of this play and tell what suggested it to the author.

20. Who wrote "The Trojan Women?" 21. Why is it peace propaganda? 22. Define the spirit of the war drama being written to-day.


For the serious student, or indeed, for the most casual reader of current news, good maps of the countries under consideration are the most illuminating of helps to understanding. In club meetings a wall map is highly useful, placed where all can see during the readings and discussions.

Much care has been taken in selecting maps that can be recommended to our members and furnished at a reasonable price. The ones on our list are all lithographed in strong, clear colors, on heavy map paper, mounted on linen back and then on rollers. They vary in size from 3 by 4 feet to 4 by 5 feet according to country. At retail they cost from $5 to $6 each, but by contracting for them in quantities it has been made possible for the home office to supply them to our clubs at a uniform price of $3 each, express prepaid.

No better club investment could be made. Any club getting a wall map and appointing a member to conduct a brief map study of every place mentioned in the lessons at every meeting will get a far better understanding of the subjects.

Maps available under this offer include the United States, South America, Africa, China, British Isles, Italy. Spain and Central Europe, which latter includes Germany, Belgium, Denmark, Holland, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Northern Italy and most of France. If clubs wish maps outside, this list special arrangements will be undertaken to secure desirable ones at a like reasonable price.


3 9015 06973 1407

THE B. V. R. C. PIN.


THE symbol of a cause is a pleasant thing to recognize when one meets a stranger. So it is that the beautiful Bay View Reading Club pin has been welcomed by great numbers of our members throughout the land and has proved the means of many an agreeable introduction. All students of the Bay View Reading Courses have a right to wear it. The club motto, quoted from Goethe's dying words, bespeaks a noble ambition. The pin is made of the best gold and enamel, is in the club's colors of red, white and blue, and sells at $1.00; eight or more, at 90 cts. each. Often clubs make up orders, and there is nothing which a faithful leader or other officer would prize more highly from her club than the B. V. R. C. pin. The illustration shows its design and size.



A BINDER FOR YOUR MAGAZINES. VERYONE knows that it is almost as hard to keep a good thing, as it is to get it. Some of the magazine literature is so rich and beautiful that if there were some plan easy and permanent to preserve it, it would forever give pleasure. This is especially so with the Bay View Magazine. Every page is filled with useful learning and the present volume will have hundreds of pictures, some of them very rare and many very beautiful. have a splendid binder in which you can insert your copies as they come and prescrve the covers and all, perfect. It is in fine cloth binding, lettered on back and side, "Bay View Magazine," and is quite as substantial and neat in appearance as a shop-bound volume. Herewith are correct pictures of our binder; one showing the plan of inserting magazines, and the other the filled volume. Price of binder, express prepaid, is 70 cents each. Club orders of eight or more, 60 cents each. Better make an order in your club. In many clubs they have been doing this, year after year, and now the

members have shelves of their books and magazines of which they are justly proud. Order from the home office.

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