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properly trained in the procedure necessary for the resuscitation of the apparently drowned, and in the operation of the apparatus for the resuscitation of those apparently drowned), to act in the capacity of a life-saver, whose duty it shall be to keep a lookout for the safety of the patrons of such beach and go immediately to the rescue of such as may be placed in a position of danger by the capsizing of a boat or otherwise. (No person shall be eligible to employment in the capacity of life-saver, as hereinbefore provided, unless and until he shall have furnished satisfactory evidence to the commissioner of health or his duly authorized representative of his knowledge of approved methods for resuscitation of the apparently drowned and of the operation of the apparatus required to be installed at such boating, bathing or fishing beach. Provided, also, that it shall be the duty of every person, firm or corporation to whom is granted a license to establish and conduct a bathing, boating or fishing beach as herein provided, to install and maintain in good working order, a telephone connected with the general city service in a location readily accessible, such telephone not to be of a type requiring payment prior to securing connection with an exchange).

166. Penalties.] Any person, firm or corporation who shall establish, conduct, maintain or manage any such fishing, boating or bathing beach in any of the public waters of the city of Chicago, without first having obtained a license therefor, as provided herein, shall be fined not less than five dollars nor more than two hundred dollars for each offense. Any person, firm or corporation to whom a license has been granted to establish and conduct a beach under the provisions of this chapter, who shall fail to have present at such beach at all times during which the same is open to the public, a skilled person to act as a lifesaver, as required by the foregoing section, shall be fined ten dollars, for each day such beach is conducted without having such life-saver present.

An ordinance requiring the placing of life preservers on posts along the shore of Lake Michigan. [Passed June 29, 1914.]

Be it ordained by the City Council of the City of Chicago:

Life preservers along shore of Lake Michigan.] Section 1. The commissioner of health of the city of Chicago shall cause to be erected, which shall be equipped with life preservers having ropes attached suitable posts along the shore of Lake Michigan within the city limits, thereto in such manner as to permit the life preservers to be taken from such posts in the event an emergency arises necessitating their use. Said commissioner of health shall at all times maintain said posts and life preservers and shall designate the places along the shore at which the same are to be located, which places shall be, so far as possible, at points along the shore of the lake where bathing is indulged in, but not at bathing beaches licensed by the city of Chicago. Each post shall have a sign thereon containing the words: "Chicago Life Preserver. For Emergency Use Only," together with a copy of section 2 of this ordinance.

Section 2. It shall be unlawful for any person to destroy, meddle or tamper with any post or life preserver erected and maintained by the city of Chicago, under a penalty of not less than one hundred ($100) dollars nor more than two hundred ($200) dollars for each offense.

Section 3. This ordinance shall be in force and take effect from and after its passage and due publication.

CHAPTER XIV

BREAD

187. Special requirements.] All bread, made or procured for the purpose of sale, sold, offered or exposed for sale in the city of Chicago, shall be made in a clean and sanitary place, of good and wholesome flour or meal, and shall contain no deleterious substance or material.

188. Loaves-weight-labels.] Every loaf of bread, made or procured for the purpose of sale, sold, offered or exposed for sale in the city of Chicago shall weigh a pound avoirdupois (except as hereinafter provided), and such loaf shall be considered to be the standard loaf in the city of Chicago. Bread may also be made or procured for the purpose of sale, sold, offered or exposed for sale in half, three-quarter, double, triple, quadruple, quintuple or sextuple, loaves, and in no other way. Every loaf of bread made or procured for the purpose of sale, sold, offered or exposed for sale in the city shall have affixed thereon in a conspicuous place a label at least one inch square, or if round, at least one inch in diameter, upon which label there shall be printed in plain type, the letters and figures of which shall be printed in black ink upon white paper from type not smaller or making a less conspicuous letter than the type commonly known as twelve point full face square Gothic capital letters and figures (being substantially such type as is described in Specimen Book Number 9 of Barnhart Brothers & Spindler, as twelve point Lining Gothic Title Number 82, capital letters and figures and in the Specimen Book of 1906 of the American Type Founders Company as twelve point Lining Gothic Number 520, capital letters and figures, or similar type), the weight of the loaf in pound, pounds or fraction of a pound avoirdupois, whether the loaf be a standard loaf or not. The business name and address of the maker, baker or manufacturer of the loaf shall also be printed plainly on each label.

189. Scales-weighing.] Every maker, baker or manufacturer of bread, every proprietor of a bakery or bakeshop, and every seller of bread in the city of Chicago shall keep scales and weights, suitable for the weighing of bread in a conspicuous place in his bakery, bakeshop or store, and shall, whenever requested by the buyer and in the buyer's presence, weigh the loaf or loaves of bread sold or offered. for sale.

190. Penalty.] If any person, firm or corporation shall make or procure for the purpose of sale, sell, offer or expose for sale, within the city of Chicago, any bread which is not made of good and wholesome flour or meal, any bread which contains a deleterious substance or material, any bread the loaf or loaves of which are not standard, half, three-quarter, double, triple, quadruple, quintuple or sextuple loaves, as defined in section 188, or any bread which is not made in a clean and sanitary place, or shall make or procure for the purpose of sale,

sell, offer or expose for sale, within the city of Chicago, any standard loaf or loaves of bread which do not weigh one pound each, or any bread the loaf or loaves of which do not weigh as much as the weight marked thereon, or any bread the loaf or loaves of which do not have affixed thereon the label marked as hereinbefore provided, contrary to the provisions of this chapter, such person, firm or corporation shall be fined not less than ten dollars nor more than one hundred dollars for each offense.

191. Exemptions.] The provisions of this chapter, other than the provisions of section 187 and section 190 (so far as section 190 relates to violations of section 187), shall not apply to crackers, pretzels, biscuits, buns, scones, rolls or loaves of fancy bread, weighing less than one-fourth of a pound avoirdupois, or to what is commonly known as "stale bread," sold as such, provided the seller shall at the time of sale, expressly state to the buyer that the bread so sold is stale bread.

CHAPTER XVI

BUILDINGS

ARTICLE I

OFFICERS, POWERS AND DUTIES.

202. Buildings found in unsafe condition-notice to owner-authority of commissioner.] (a) (a) Whenever the commissioner of buildings shall find any building, or structure or part thereof in the city in such an unsafe condition as to endanger life, but in such condition that by the immediate application of precautionary measures such danger may be averted, he shall have authority, and it shall be his duty, to forthwith notify, in writing, the owner, agent or person in possession, charge or control of such building or structure or part thereof, to adopt and put into effect such precautionary measures as may be necessary or advisable in order to place such building or structure or part thereof in a safe condition; such notice shall state briefly the nature of the work required to be done and shall specify the time within which the work required to be done shall be completed by the person, firm or corporation notified, which shall be fixed by said commissioner of buildings, upon taking into consideration the condition of such building or structure or part thereof, and the danger to life or property which may result from its unsafe condition.

(b) Whenever such commissioner of buildings shall be unable to find. the owner of such building, structure or part thereof, or any agent or person in possession, charge or control thereof, upon whom such notice may be served, he shall address, stamp and mail such notice to such person or persons at their last known address, and in addition thereto shall place or cause to be placed the notice herein provided for upon such building at or near its principal entrance, and shall also post or cause to be posted in a conspicuous place at each entrance to such building, in large letters, a notice as follows:

"THIS BUILDING IS IN A DANGEROUS CONDITION AND HAS BEEN CONDEMNED BY THE COMMISSIONER OF BUILDINGS."

(c) It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to remove said notice or notices without written permission from the commissioner of buildings.

(d) If at the expiration of the time specified in such notice for the completion of the work required to be done by the terms of such notice, in order to render the building or structure safe, said notice shall not

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