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examination of the place described in such application for the purpose of ascertaining whether the location, lighting, ventilation, sanitary arrangements and equipment of such bakery conform to the provisions of this chapter. If the proposed bakery conforms to the provisions of this chapter, the commissioner of health shall transmit such application to the mayor, with his approval thereof, whereupon the mayor shall issue, or cause to be issued, to such applicant, upon payment to the city collector of the license fee hereinbefore provided, a license authorizing such applicant to keep, conduct or maintain a bakery at the place described in such application for and during the period of such license. 143. Revocation of license.] If at any time during the term of such license the commissioner of health shall certify to the mayor that the provisions of this chapter have not been or are not being complied with, or that the public health or the health of the persons employed in any such bakery is endangered by its maintenance, the mayor may revoke the license thereof.
144. Posting of license.] Every such license granted under the provisions of this chapter shall be posted in a conspicuous place in the bakery for which such license is issued.
145. Sanitary requirements-ventilation.] Every place used as a bakery shall be kept in a clean and sanitary condition as to its floors, side walls, ceilings, woodwork, fixtures, furniture, tools, machinery and utensils. All parts of the bakery shall be adequately lighted at all times and shall be ventilated by means of windows or skylights or air shafts or air ducts or mechanical apparatus, if necessary, so as to insure a free circulation of fresh air at all times. Such ventilating construction and equipment shall be of such character that a complete change of air in all parts of the bakery may be made at least four times each hour; provided, however, that it shall not be necessary to ventilate at such time or in such manner that the process of mixing or rising of dough shall of necessity be interfered with or prevented.
146. Floor-how constructed.] The floor of every place used as a bakery, if below the street level, shall be constructed of concrete, cement, asphalt or other impervious material, or of tile laid in cement, which floor may, if desired, be covered with a hardwood floor having tight joints; if above the street level, the floor may be of hardwood with tight joints or may be of any impervious material, as above provided. The angles where the floor and wall join shall be made and maintained so as to be rat-proof.
147. Kept free from flies.] Every bakery shall be kept reasonably free from flies, and the doors, windows, and other openings of every such bakery shall, from the first day of April to the first day of December, be fitted with self-closing wire screen doors and wire window
148. Walls and ceilings-woodwork.] The side walls and ceilings shall be well and smoothly plastered, tiled or sheathed with metal or wood sheathing, and shall be kept in good repair. If made of mill construction with smooth surfaces, such walls and ceilings need not be sheathed or plastered. All walls and ceilings shall be kept well painted with oil paint, or lime washed and calcimined, and all woodwork shall be kept well painted with oil paint.
149. Plumbing and drainage facilities-water closets and sinks.] Every such bakery shall be provided with adequate plumbing and drainage facilities, including well ventilated water closets and impermeable wash sinks on iron supports. No water closet compartment shall be in direct communication with a bakery.
150. Sleeping facilities-domestic animals, except cats, prohibited.] No person shall sleep in any bakery, or in the rooms where flour or meal used in connection therewith, or the food products made therein, are handled or stored. If any sleeping places are located on the same floor as the bakery, they shall be well ventilated, dry and sanitary. No domestic animals, except cats, shall be permitted in a bakery or place where flour or meal is stored in connection therewith, and suitable provision shall be made to prevent nuisances from the presence of cats. 151. Wearing apparel of workmen.] All workmen and employes, while engaged in the manufacture or handling of bakery products in a bakery, shall provide themselves with slippers or shoes and a suit of washable material which shall be used for that purpose only. These garments shall at all times be kept clean.
152. Cuspidors-use of tobacco and spitting-notices to be posted.] Cuspidors of impervious material shall be provided and shall be cleansed daily. No employe or other person shall spit on the floor or side walls of any bakery or place where food products of such bakery are stored. The smoking, snuffing or chewing of tobacco in any bakery is prohibited. Plain notices shall be posted in every bakery forbidding any person to use tobacco therein or to spit on the floor of such bakery.
153. Persons afflicted with disease prohibited from working.] No person who has consumption, scrofula or venereal diseases or any communicable or loathsome skin disease shall work in any bakery, and no owner, manager or person in charge of any bakery shall knowingly require, permit or suffer such a person to be employed in such bakery. 154. Storage of materials and food.] All rooms for the storage of flour or meal for use in connection with any bakery shall be dry and well ventilated, and every bakery and room used for the storage of materials and food products in connection therewith shall be so arranged that the shelves, cupboards, trays, troughs, bins, cases and all other appliances for handling and storing the same can be easily removed and cleaned. If the floor of any such bakery or room is below the adjacent street level, no such materials or products shall be stored nearer to such floor than one foot.
155. Kept free from rats, mice, vermin, etc.] Every bakery shall be kept clean at all times and free from rats, mice and vermin and from all matter of an infectious or contagious nature.
156. New bakeries-requirements.] No new bakery shall be hereafter established in any room, basement or cellar in which the clear height between the finished floor and ceiling is less than eight feet six inches or in any room or place, the floor of which is more than five feet below the street, sidewalk or alley level adjacent to the building, or in any room or place which is not so naturally lighted by means of windows, doors or skylights that on clear days a book or paper printed with double long primer type can be read between the hours of ten o'clock a. m. and two o'clock p. m. in all parts of the bakery which are used in mixing or handling bakery products.
If any new bakery hereafter established has its floor above, at, or not more than three feet below the adjacent street or alley level, no window opening by which it is ventilated shall be less than three feet above such street or alley level; if the floor of any such bakery is more than three feet below the adjacent street or alley level, no such window opening shall be less than eighteen inches above such street or alley level.
In new bakeries hereafter established no water closet compartment shall be connected with the bakery by a vestibule connection.
157. Bakery discontinued for six months and reopened-how considered.] If any bakery which is now being maintained and operated shall be vacated, discontinued or unused for a period of more than six consecutive months and shall thereafter be reopened and re-established as a bakery, such bakery shall be considered a new bakery for purposes of this chapter.
158. Inspection-alteration and renovation.] The commissioner of health and the authorized inspectors and employes of the department of health shall have the right at all times to enter to make such inspection and such record of the condition of any bakery as they may deem necessary, and if such inspection shall disclose a lack of conformity with the provisions of this chapter, the commissioner of health may require such changes, alterations or renovations as may be necessary to make such bakery comply with the provisions of this chapter.
159. Penalty.] Any person, firm or corporation who shall hereafter establish, maintain or operate any bakery, without first procuring a license so to do, shall be fined not less than twenty-five dollars nor more than two hundred dollars for each offense and a separate offense shall be regarded as committed each day on which such person, firm or corporation shall maintain or operate any bakery without a license as aforesaid.
Any person, firm or corporation who violates or fails to comply with any other provision of this chapter shall be fined not less than five dollars nor more than one hundred dollars for each offense and a separate offense shall be regarded as committed each day on which such person, firm or corporation shall continue any such violation or . failure.
AN ORDINANCE to further regulate the sale of bread. 1913; as amended December 17, 1913.]
[Passed July 28,
Be it ordained by the City Council of the City of Chicago:
Receptacles for holding bread delivered by wholesalers.] Section 1. It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to deliver or sell at wholesale any bread to any retailer in the city of Chicago, exceptsuch bread shall be placed in closed boxes which shall be kept at least one foot above the surface of the sidewalk or floor; and provided such boxes shall be thoroughly cleaned at least once in each week.
Section 2. Any person, firm or corporation violating the provisions of this ordinance shall be fined not less than five nor more than twentyfive dollars for each offense.
Section 3. This ordinance shall be in force and effect from and after its passage, approval and publication.
BATHING, BOATING AND FISHING BEACHES
160. License required.] It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to carry on, engage in or conduct what is commonly known as a boating, fishing or bathing beach in any of the public waters of the city of Chicago, where a charge is made for the use of such beach, or where bathing suits, boats or fishing tackle are let and rented for hire, without first having obtained a license as hereinafter provided. *160a. Bathing suits-disinfection of.] That it shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation named in section 160, to issue to any bather intending to bathe at any such beach, any bathing suit, unless the same shall have been first disinfected, washed with soap and water and dried.
*160b. Methods of disinfection-approval of commissioner of health.] That the methods and appliances employed in and about any such bathing beach, in disinfecting, washing and drying such bathing suits shall at all times be subject to the inspection and approval of the commissioner of health.
*160c. Penalty.] Any person, firm or corporation violating any of the foregoing provisions shall be fined not less than five nor more than two hundred dollars.
†161. Application-approval.] Any person, firm or corporation desiring to carry on, engage in, or conduct such boating, fishing or bathing beach, shall make application in writing to the mayor of the city of Chicago for a license so to do, stating therein the name and residence of the applicant, the place and character of the proposed beach, and the size, number and character of the boats (life rafts, life buoys and apparatus for the resuscitation of those apparently drowned), with which said beach is equipped. Such application shall be accompanied by a certificate of the commissioner of health of the city of Chicago, approving the location of the proposed beach, stating whether the water at such location is in a sanitary condition and whether the size, number and character of the boats, life rafts, life buoys and apparatus for the resuscitation of those apparently drowned with which said beach is equipped are of such number, character, and in such condition of repair as to secure a reasonable provision for the protection of the safety of those patronizing such boating, fishing or bathing beach. If from such certificate it appears that the commissioner of health approves the location of said beach, that the water is in a sanitary condition, that the size, number and character of the boats, life rafts, life buoys and apparatus for the resuscitation of those apparently drowned with which said beach is equipped are of such number, character and in such condi
* New section, added July 1, 1912.
† As amended July 28, 1913.
tion of repair as to secure a reasonable provision for the protection of the safety of those patronizing such boating, fishing or bathing beach, and if the mayor shall be satisfied that the applicant is of good moral character, he shall grant, and cause to be issued to such applicant, a license to establish and conduct such beach at the location set forth in said application, upon payment by the applicant of the license fee hereinafter specified; provided, however, that any person, firm or private corporation desiring hereafter to conduct or carry on a bathing, fishing or boating beach at any place within the city of Chicago where twothirds or more of the buildings situated within one thousand feet from the nearest point in any boundary line of such place are used for residence purposes and where a bathing, fishing or boating beach has not been actually carried on and conducted under a license issued by the city of Chicago for the year ending April 30, 1909, or a portion thereof, shall, before a license is issued for the conduct of such beach at such place, present to the mayor with the application and certificate required, the written consent to the location of such beach of a majority of the property owners according to frontage on both sides of all the streets around the block in which such beach is to be conducted and shall also present the written consent to the location of such beach of a majority of the bona fide householders living within one thousand feet from the nearest point in any boundary line of such place where it is proposed to carry on and conduct such boating, fishing or bathing beach.
162. Amusements, shows, etc., prohibited.] No one or more of the amusements, shows, public exhibitions, field games or theatrical, dramatic or operatic entertainments enumerated in section 106 of chapter VI shall be carried on, maintained or permitted upon any premises in the city of Chicago where a boating, fishing or bathing beach is located; and in case any one or more of such amusements, shows, public exhibitions, field games or theatrical, dramatic or operatic entertainments are carried on, maintained or permitted, contrary to the terms of this provision, any license granted to conduct such beach shall at once be revoked by the mayor. This section shall apply to all boating, fishing and bathing beaches conducted and carried on within the city of Chicago.
163. Penalty.] Any person, firm or corporation who shall violate the terms of the foregoing section shall be fined not less than fifty dollars nor more than two hundred dollars for each offense and each day during which any such beach is conducted without complying with the terms of this chapter shall be deemed a separate offense.
164. License fee.] All persons or corporations to whom licenses are issued under the provisions of this chapter shall pay to the city collector at the time such license is issued an annual fee of fifteen dollars.
*165. Life-saver.] It shall be the duty of every person, firm or corporation to whom is granted a license to establish and conduct a bathing, boating or fishing beach, as herein provided, to have present at such beach at all hours during which the same is open to the public, a person skilled as a swimmer and in the management of boats (and
* As amended July 28, 1913.