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Degrees conferred in 1889-90.-The following table presents the summary, by States, of the number of different degrees conferred by 415 colleges and universities during the year 1889-90.
TABLE 3.-Summary of degrees conferred by colleges and universities in 1889-90.
Dist. of Columbia..
IV.-ENDOWMENT FUNDS OF COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES.
Although the number of colleges and universities in the United States is constantly increasing, both by the foundation of new institutions and by the development of institutions from secondary schools to colleges, this increase in the number of institutions has not thus far affected to any perceptible degree the increase in the endowment funds of the older institutions of the country.
The gifts of the people to higher institutions have been large and numerous and seem to be keeping pace with the increase in the population and wealth of the country. During the past few years a number of rich bequests have been made to old institutions, and also in not a few cases for the foundation of new institutions. The most notable of the latter are Clark University, Worcester, Mass., University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill., Catholic University, Washington, D. C., and Leland Stanford Jr. University, Palo Alto, Cal.
On account of the failure of a number of institutions to report to the Bureau from year to year a comparison between the total amounts of productive funds in 1880 and in 1890 would not show the true rate of increase in the funds during the last ten years.
The following tabular statement includes, first, only the institutions that reported on this subject in both 1880 and in 1890, and, second, all the institutions that reported in either year. From the first showing the average rate of increase may be inferred.
From this table it will be seen that, while the increase in the productive funds of the 191 institutions distributed over the entire country is 77.3 per cent, the largest increase has taken place in the forty-two institutions of the North Atlantic Division, which reported, in 1889-90, more than 56 per cent of the total amount included in the above table. The poorest showing is made by the institutions of the Western Division, but this can be accounted for in a measure by the small number of institutions reporting in 1880 and the number of new institutions that have been founded during the decade.
The most remarkable increase recorded is in the State of Louisiana. This is due to the establishment of the Tulane University of Louisiana, which is the successor of the old University of Louisiana. It has at present an endowment fund of more than $1,000,000.
The total number of colleges and universities reporting to the Bureau in 1889-90 was 415, and of this number but 315 answered the question relating to productive funds. Among those not answering this inquiry were Clark University, Princeton, Rutgers, Dartmouth, and Haverford, all of which have large endowment funds, and would have materially increased the total amount for 1889-90. The figures here given show an increase of 71.6 per cent, which would be considerably larger if all the institutions had reported.
V.-GROUNDS, BUILDINGS, AND APPARATUS.
In considering the resources of institutions for higher education the material equipment, such as grounds, buildings, and apparatus, must not be lost sight of. The increase in the value of appliances is due, in great measure, to the increased attention given to the sciences and the consequent erection and equipment of laboratories for experiments and research. The substantial and ornamental style of architecture which has been adopted in the erection of college buildings has increased the cost of buildings while adding considerably to the general appearance of the college campus. In the following table an attempt is made to present in a convenient form the value of grounds, buildings, and apparatus of colleges and universities for the years 1879-80 and 1889–90. In order to show the rate of increase the table is divided into two parts, the first part containing statistics of such institutions only as reported in both 1879-80 and 1889-90, while the second part includes all the institutions that reported in either of the years under consideration.