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lift it out? How much, then, is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the Sabbath-days.

Q. 66. What is forbidden in the fourth Commandment?

A. The fourth Commandment forbiddeth the omission or careless performance of the duties required, (w) and the profaning the day by idleness, (x) or doing that which is in itself sinful, (Y) or by unnecessary thoughts, words, or works, about worldly employments and recreations. (z)

(w) Ezek. xxii. 26. Her priests have violated my law, and profaned mine hol things: they have put no difference between the holy and the profane— and hase hid their eyes from my Sabbaths.

(x) Acts xx. 9.-And there sat in a window a certain young man named Eutychus, being fallen into a deep sleep: and as Paul was long preaching he sunk down with sleep, and fell down from the third loft, and was taken up dead. (Y) Ezek. xxii. 38.-Ther have defiled my sanctuary in the same day, and have profaned my Sabbaths.

(z) Neh. xii. 15, 17.-In those days saw I in Judah, some treading winepresses on the Sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and lading asses; as also wine, grapes, and figs, and all manner of burdens, which the brought into Jeru alem on the Sabbath-day, and I testified against them in the day wherein they sold victuals. Then I contenced with the nobles of Judah, and said unto them. What evil thine is this that ye do, and profane the Sabbath-day? Amos viii. 5 — Saying when will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the Sabbath, that we may set forth wheat?

Q. 67. What are the Reasons annexed to the fourth Commandment?

A. The Reasons annexed to the fourth Commandment, are, God's allowing us six days in the week for our own lawful employments, (A) his challenging a special property in the seventh, (B) his own example, (c) and his blessing the Sabbath-day. (D)

(A) Exod. xxxiv. 21.-Six days shalt thou work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest.

(B) Exod. xxxv. 2.-Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you an holy day, a Sabbath of rest to the Lord.

(c) Exod. xxxi. 16, 17-The Children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations.-it is a sign between me and the Children of Israel for ever; for ir. six days the Lord made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.

(D) Gen. ii. 3.-And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it.

Q. 68. Which is the fifth Commandment?

A. The fifth Commandment is,-Honour thy Father and thy Mother, that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee. (E)

(B) Exod. xx. 12.

Q. 69. What is required in the fifth Commandment?

A. The fifth Commandment requireth the preserving the honour, and performing the duties belonging to every one in their several places and relations, as superiors, (F) inferiors, (G) or equals. (H)

(F) 1 Pet. ii. 17.-Honour all men; love the brotherhood; fear God; honour the king. Rom. xiii. 1.-Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers.

(G) Eph. v. 21, 22.-Submitting yourselves one to another in the fear of God. Wives submit yourselves unto your own husbands, as unto the Lord. Eph. vi. 1, 5, 9.—Chil iren, obey your parents in the Lord. Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh. And, ye masters, do the same things unto them. Col. iii. 19.-Husbands, love your wives, and be not bitter against them.

(H) Rom. xii. 10.-Be kindly affectioned one to another, with brotherly love, in honour preferring one another.

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70. What is forbidden in the fifth Commandment ?

A. The fifth Commandment forbiddeth the neglecting of, (1) or doing anything against, the honour and duty which belongeth to every one in their several places and relations. (K)

(1) Deut. xxi. 18, 19, 20, 21.-If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and that, when they have chastened him, will not hearken unto them: Then shall his father and his mother lay hold on him, and bring him out unto the elders of his city, and unto the gate of his place, and they shall say unto the elders of his city, This our son is stubborn and rebellious, be will not obey our voice; he is a glutton and a drunkard. And all the men of his city shall stone him with stones that he die.

Prov. xxx. 17.-The eye that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it. (K) Rom. xiif. 7, 8.-Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due, custom to whom custom, fear to whom fear, honour to whom honour: Owe no man any thing, but to love one another.

Q. 71. What is the Reason annexed to the fifth Commandment? A. The Reason annexed to the fifth Commandment is, a promise of long life and prosperity, as far as it shall serve for God's glory and their own good, to all such as keep this Commandment. (L)

(L) Eph. vi. 2, 3.-Honour thy father and thy mother, which is the first commandment with promise, that it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth.

Q. 72. Which is the sixth Commandment?

A. The sixth Commandment is,-Thou shalt not Kill. (M)

(M) Exod. xx. 13.

Q. 73. What is required in the sixth Commandment?

A. The sixth Commandment requireth all lawful endeavours to preserve our own life, (N) and the life of others. (0)

(N) Eph. v. 28, 29.-So oug .t men to love their wives as their own bodies.For no man ever yet hated his own flesh, but nourisheth it aud cherisheth it. Job ii. 4.-Skin for skin, ye, all that a man hath will he give for his life.

(0) Psal. lxxxii. 3, 4.-efend the poor and fatherless deliver the poor and needy. Prov. xxiv. 11.-If thu forbear to deliver them that are drawn unto death, and those that are ready to be slain.

Q. 74. What is forbidden in the sixth Commandment?

A. The sixth Commandment absolutely forbiddeth the taking away of our own life, (P) or the life of our neighbour, unjustly, or whatsoever tendeth thereto. (Q)

(P) Acts xvi. 28.-Paul cried with aloud voice, saying, Do thyself no harm. (Q) Gen. ix. 6.- Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed; for in the image of God made he man.

Q. 75. Which is the seventh Commandment ?


A. The seventh Commandment is, Thou shalt not commit adultery. (R)

(R) Exod. xx. 14.

Q. 76. What is required in the seventh Commandment?

A. The seventh Commandment requireth the preservation of our own (s) and our neighbour's chastity, (T) in heart, (u) speech, (w) and behaviour. (x)


(8) 1 Cor. vii. 2.-To avoid fornication, let every m n have his own wife, and
let every woman have her own husband.

(T) Cor. vi. 18.-Flee fornication.

(u) 2 Tim. li. 22.-Flee also youthful lusts. Mat. v. 28.-Whosoever looketh
on a woman to lust after her, hath committed adultery with her already in his


(w) Col. iv. 6.-Let your speech be alway with grace, seasoned with salt.
(x) 1 Pet. iii. 2.-While they behold your chaste conversation coupled with fear.

Q. 77. What is forbidden in the seventh Commandment?

A. The seventh Commandment forbiddeth all unchaste thoughts,
(y) words, (z) and actions. (▲)

(Y) Job xxxi. 1.—I made a covenant with mine eyes, why then should I think
upon a maid?

(z) Eph. v. 4.-Neither filthiness nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are
not convenient.

(A) Rom. xiii. 13.-Let us walk honestly as in the day, not in rioting and
drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness. Eph. v. 3.-Fornication and
uncleanness,-let it not be once named amongst you.

Q. 78. Which is the eighth Commandment?

A. The eighth Commandment is,-Thou shalt not Steal. (B)
(B) Exod. xx. 15.

Q. 79. What is required in the eighth Commandment?

A. The eighth Commandment requireth the lawful procuring and
furthering the wealth and outward estate of ourselves, (c) and
others. (D)

(c) Gen. xxx. 30.-And now, when shall I provide for mine own house? Prov.
xxvii. 23.-Be thou diligent to know the state of thy flocks, and look well to thy

(D) Lev. xxv. 35.-If thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with thee,
then thou shalt relieve him, yea, though he be a stranger. Deut. xxii. 1, 3, 4.-
Thou shalt not see thy brother's ox or his sheep go astray, and hide thyself from
them: Thou shalt in any case bring them again unto thy brother. In like manner
shalt thou do with his ass, and so shalt thou do with his raiment, and with all lost
things of thy brother's, which he hath lost, and thou hast found. Thou shalt not
see thy brother's ass or his ox fall down by the way, and hide thyself from them:
Thou shalt surely help him to lift them up again.

Q. 80. What is forbidden in the eighth Commandment?

A. The eighth Commandment forbiddeth whatsoever doth or may
unjustly hinder our own (E) or our neighbour's wealth, and outward
estate. (F)

(E) 1 Tim. v. 8.-If any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his
own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an inadel. Prov. xxviii. 19.
-He that tilleth his land shall have plenty of bread: but he that followeth after
vain persons shall have poverty enough.

(F) Prov. xxiii. 20, 21.-Be not amongst wine-bibbers; and the glutton shall
come to poverty, and drowsiness shall clothe a man with rags. Eh. iv. 28.-Let
him that stole steal no more, but rather let him labour; working with his hands
the thing that is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth.

Q. 81. Which is the ninth Commandment?

A. The ninth Commandment is,-Thou shalt not bear false witness
against thy neighbour. (G)

(G) Exod. xx. 16.

Q. 82. What is required in the ninth Commandment?

A. The ninth Commandment requireth the maintaining and promoting of truth between man and man, (H) and of our own (1) and our neighbour's good name, (K) especially in witness-bearing. (L)

(H) Zech. viii. 16.-Speak ye every man the truth to his neighbour. (1) Eccl. vii. 1.-A good name is better than precious ointment.

(K) 3 John 12.-Demetrius hath good report of all men, and of the truth itself, yea, and we also bear record.

(L) Prov. xiv. 5, 25.-A faithful witness will not lie-a true witness delivereth Souls.

Q. 83. What is forbidden in the ninth Commandment?

A. The ninth Commandment forbiddeth whatsoever is prejudicial to truth, (M) or injurious to our own (N) or our neighbour's good name. (o)

(M) Eph. iv. 25.-Putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour (N) Prov. x. 7.-The memory of the just is blessed; but the name of the wicked shall rot. Prov. xxii 1.—A good name is rather to be chosen than great riches. (0) Psal. xv. 3.-He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his neighbour, nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour.

Q. 84. Which is the tenth Commandment?

A. The tenth Commandment is,-Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's. (F)

(P) Exod. xx. 17.

Q. 85. What is required in the tenth Commandment?

A. The tenth Commandment requireth full contentment with our own condition, (e) with a right and charitable frame of spirit towards our neighbour, and all that is his. (R)

(Q) Heb. xiii. 5.-Let your conversation be without covetousness, and be content with such things as ye have. 1 Tim. vi, 6.-Godliness with contentment is great gain.

(R) Rom xii. 15.-Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep with them that weep. 1 Cor. xiii. 4, 7.—Clarity suffereth long, and is kind; Charity envieth not -beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.

Q 86. What is forbidden in the tenth Commandment?

A. The tenth Commandment forbiddeth all discontentment with our own estate, (s) envying or grieving at the good of our neighbour, (T) and all inordinate motions and affections to any thing that is his. (u)

(s) 1 Cor. x. 10.-Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer.

(T) Mat.xx. 15.-Is thine eye evil, because I am good? James v. 9.-Grudge no one against another.

(u) 1 Kings xxi. 4.-And Ahab came into his house heavy and displeased, because of the word which Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him; for he had said, I will not give thee the inheritance of my fathers. Col. ii. 5.-Mortify therefore your members, which are upon the earth, fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry.

Q. 87. Is any man able perfectly to keep the Commandments of God?

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A. No mere man since the fall is able in this life perfectly to keep the Commandments of God, (w) but doth daily break them in thought, (x) word, (r) or deed. (z)


(w) Eccles. vii. 20.-There is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good and sinneth not. 1 John i. 8.-If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.

(x) Gen. vi. 5.-And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. (Y) James iii. 8.-The tongue can no man tame; it is an unruly evil, full of deadly poison,

(z) James iii. 2.—In many things we offend all.

Q 88. Are all Transgressions of the law equally heinous?

A. Some sins in themselves, and by reason of several aggravations, are more heinous in the sight of God than others. (A)

(A) Ezek. viii. 13.-Turn thee yet again, and thou shalt see greater abominations that they do. John xix. 11.-He that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin. 1 John v. 16.-There is a sin unto death.

Q. 89. What doth every sin deserve ?

A. Every sin deserveth God's wrath and curse, both in this life and that which is to come. (B)

(B) Eph. v. 6.-Let no man deceive you with vain words, for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience. Prov. iii. 33.— The curse of the Lord is in the house of the wicked. Psal. xi. 6.-Upon the wicked He shall rain snares, fire, and brimstone, and an horrible tempest: This shall be the portion of their cup. Rev. xxi. 8.-The fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.

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Q. 90. What doth God require of us, that we may escape his Wrath and Curse, due to us for Sin?

A. To escape the Wrath and Curse of God, due to us for Sin, God requireth of us faith in Jesus Christ, (c) repentance unto life, (D) with the diligent use of all the outward means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of Redemption. (E)

(c) Acts xvi. 30, 31.-Sirs! What must I do to be saved? And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved...

(D) Acts xvii. 30.-And the times of this ignorance God winked at, but now commandeth all men everywhere to repent.

(B) Prov. ii. 3, 4, 5.-If thou criest after knowledge, and liftest up thy voice for understanding: If thou seekest her as silver, and searchest for her as for hid treasure; then shalt thou understand the fear of the Lord, and find the knowledge of God. Prov. viii. 34, 35.-Blessed is the man that heareth me, watching daily at my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors. For whoso findeth me findeth life, and shall obtain favour of the Lord.

Q. 91. What is faith in Jesus Christ?

A. Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace, (F) whereby we receive, (G) and rest upon him alone for Salvation, as he is offered to us in the Gospel. (H)

(r) Heb. x. 39.-We are not of them who draw back unto perdition, but of them that believe to the saving of the soul.

(e) Joha i. 12.—As many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name.

(H) Phil. iii. 9.-And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness which is of the law, but that which is, through the Faith of Christ, the righteous'ness which is of God by Faith.

Q. 92. What is Repentance unto Life?

C A. Repentance unto Life is a saving grace, (1) whereby a sinner, out of a true sense of his sins, (K) and apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ, (1) doth with grief, and hatred of his sin, turn from

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