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'Getting on? I should just think so, and not that I am measuring by woman's' standard either. There is many a man would be glad to be making my income, I can tell you! Of course it's hard work, but then, as I tell my brother when he grumbles (he is a dentist too in N- -), what does a bit of work matter if you are well paid for it? But you know, women don't grizzle like men.' This from a mere woman was refreshing hearing."

THOSE Consulting Kelly's great "Post Office" London Directory may have marvelled at the mystic signs and marks of identification heading the list of dentists. The first one is a dagger denoting the qualification of those alleged to be also "cuppers." This quaint survival, though picturesque, is a somewhat misleading anachronism, and we understand is, upon the representations of an eminent member of our executive, doomed to extinction. Would that it were accompanied by the "Prize Medals!" which we could better spare.

Special Selections.

The Association and our Journal from an American Point of View.

DR. WILLIAM H. TRUEMAN of Philadelphia writes in the International Dental Journal of last month an article contrasting English and American Societies, from which we quote the following comments upon the British Dental Association and its Journal:

In the first place, we are informed that the Association has twelve hundred and five members, that during the past year eight only have resigned, and thirteen names have been dropped for non-payment of dues. This is a remarkable showing. It demonstrates the keen interest the dental profession of Great Britain takes in its National Association, and their loyalty. The loss of only thirteen from non-payment of dues for two or more years out of a membership of twelve hundred and five is a record of which but few dental societies can boast.

Now, why is it that in England so large a proportion of qualified dentists are members of the National Association, while in the United States the National Association is so poorly supported, and numbers so few? If our national society was in practice, as it is in theory, a representative body, the disparity would be seeming only. It is not so; its complex arrangement of permanent members and delegates makes the provision limiting representation of affiliating organisations practically null; for the so-called election of delegates that is annually gone through with by the bodies recognised by the National Association soon gives each one an opportunity, so that, notwithstanding the rule, every member of a local society may be a member of the National if he so choose. Only about one in fifty legal practitioners in the United States

avail themselves of this wide-open door, while in England the proportion is about one in five or six. Geographical conditions may explain this in part, but is it a full answer?

There is another matter. In the report referred to we are informed that the British Dental Association has an invested fund of two thousand pounds (about nine thousand six hundred dollars); to this three hundred pounds are to be added; in addition to which it has two hundred pounds in its banker's hands. In addition and apart from this fund it maintains a benevolent fund,' with a large and constantly increasing sum at interest, notwithstanding that its trustees from its yearly income are contributing to the support of disabled members of the profession, their widows and children. Quietly, that benevolent fund has done and is still doing a world of good. It has made comfortable the last years of worthy but unfortunate practitioners, regardless of whether they are members of the Association or not; it has stepped in at the right time, and in the right way, to assist the widows of those who have fallen by the wayside, and has cared for and educated their children.

In addition to all this, the British Dental Association has for years published a monthly dental journal all its own, absolutely free from trade entanglements of any kind or character. In its beginning this journal, as a dental journal, did not amount to much; it was a serious expense; while each year the deficiency became less, it continued for many years a heavy drain upon the finances of the Association to make good the difference between the income and the expenses of the Journal. The time came, however, when they balanced; when the Journal began to be a source of profit; then it expanded, took on a new character; and to-day it is the peer of any dental journal in the world. In the meantime it has been a bond of union between the local societies and the national body, contributing to the success of each. In the beginning it was little more than a medium for announcing dental society business, but as such was useful to those who desired to keep in close touch with that phase of professional progress. It still is the recognised official organ of the dental profession in Great Britain, and still retains its usefulness of keeping in close touch the local and national associations by being the medium through which their various announcements are made to the profession, and through which much of their proceedings are published: but in addition to this, in its present form it monthly publishes a large amount of valuable original matter and a judicious selection of translations from foreign dental journals which otherwise would be unknown to English readers. Its large circulation has secured an extensive and varied advertising patronage, adding not only to the profits of its publication, but also to its value as a professional journal.

Its monthly visits are a constant reminder of the existence and usefulness of the British Dental Association, and keeps its readers, whether members or not, well informed of all its doings, financial and otherwise; it takes them into its confidence and invites their interest; as a result, the Association has some twelve hundred members, about half of whom annually attend its meetings.

Inspired by this generous tribute to British institutions is an equally remarkable editorial in the same issue of the International Dental Journal entitled "Organisations, Present and Future":—

Donations and collections for the benevolent fund £212; amount of investment, £2,192; paid to beneficiaries, £648 (3,110 dollars).-Report 1902.

In the original department of this number will be found an interesting paper by Dr. William H. Trueman, on the "British Dental Association." It deserves careful reading by all those interested in national, State, and local dental societies, for it shows what a determined and united effort has accomplished for the good of the dental profession in Great Britain.

The contrast between this and our own poorly-systematised management tends to reduce the egotistic idea that the average American can do things generally a trifle better than his cousin over the ocean. In the matter of organisation the said American is yet, apparently, in his infancy, and the maturity of experience seems far away, if we may judge by results and the indifference to the subject manifested throughout dental circles.

While it is true, as Dr. Trueman states, that geographical limitations may have much to do with the solidarity and progress of the dental fraternity in Great Britain, it certainly has not all to do with the great results attained. There must be something in the men themselves worthy as an example for us to follow. The question of training has, doubtless, much to do with it-training as a class. This latter feeling is so sharply pronounced in England that it leads necessarily to a closer bond of union than could possibly exist in this country where class distinctions have very little, if any, force. It is this individuality, every one for himself, that continually antagonises effort to effect a professional unity in the United States. It is, perhaps, not desirable that this condition should be changed, for although class distinctions have an advantage in some directions, they are a bar to individual freedom, and to that extent make a general advancement along any line of work difficult.

With this national characteristic working against unity it would seem impossible, upon a hasty view, to develop anything better out of the materials and conditions at hand; yet the situation is not entirely hopeless. Those who have watched carefully the changes in the dental profession in the United States during the past fifty years can but feel that while we cannot reach our English brethren in unity of effort, we, with our larger domain and more extended difficulties, have made good progress towards this most desirable condition.

The question of organisation has become a problem, and one requiring the best thought of serious minds. The solution is not one to be quickly thought out or quickly put in practice. The mental peculiarities must undergo a partial and radical change before anything of moment can be developed. It may be said, if this be so why attempt any improvement? The answer must be that education alone can effect the result. All means should be resorted to to bring the intellectual forces of the American mind to see the importance of this subject, and while it may be long developing, there will come a time when the warped mentality will assume more perfect proportions.

To accomplish this, strenuous efforts should be made use of to effect results. The literature of the dental profession must be established upon a true professional basis. It must be above and beyond commercial temptations and environment. It must be above all reproach, and hold the standard higher than those do who are supposed to be trained by it. It must lead, and never descend from its high estate to gratify degrading impulses. This is a high mission. Is it being fulfilled by the periodical literature of dentistry in America? The answer cannot be made here, but the fact remains that the great body of the twenty-five thousand dentists in the United States have not

reached a standard of unity to be compared with that of England, Ireland, and Scotland, notwithstanding the fact that the organisation of dental societies and colleges had their origin here. Who is mainly responsible for this? It seems to the writer that the solution of this problem constitutes the most important question now devolving upon the dentists of this country. Are we prepared to grasp it and meet its difficulties?

Correspondence.

We do not hold ourselves responsible for the views expressed by our correspondents.

Door Plates.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE "JOURNAL OF THE BRITISH DENTAL ASSOCIATION." DEAR SIR,-The letters on the above subject which have appeared in your Journal have been interesting, but one side never gets all the truth.

The "L.D.S. Eng." is justly a much-coveted distinction; it loses, however, some of its splendour when painted on a wall, or, as in a case of which I know, where all the windows of a corner slum (formerly a beer-shop) are decorated with the announcement of this man's professional status in large black letters and still more glaring red capitals.

Young men about to start in practice will sow gladness for their reaping in after years if they simply use their names, either in full, or with initials of christian names and only the three letters "L.D.S." following. Also, if they so choose, putting the words "Dental Surgeon" immediately below. If they are content with this designation, and support it with a high moral character and professional ability, they will as surely make their way successfully as by any more obtrusive means.

In this way also they will contribute largely to the good of the profession, by helping to break down the spirit of jealousy.

There is a "guinea stamp" superior to that of the L.D.S.Eng. or D.M.D. Harvard which will always ensure respect in the best social and professional society. I enclose my card, and am,

Yours truly,

PATER.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE "JOURNAL OF THE BRITISH DENTAL ASSOCIATION." DEAR SIR, I am afraid that my short letter on "Door-plates" which appeared in the September issue of the Journal, has given offence. I apologise for the crudeness (to put it mildly) of my expressions. As to the subject matter itself, I admit there is much to be said on both sides. There is much even to be said in favour of the gentleman who put "Member of the British Dental Association" on his door-plate. It is a question of "point of view." If I expected every one to agree with me it would not be worth while putting pen to paper. No one (myself included) would be the better for it, we should learn nothing. The three letters of criticism that appeared in the October Journal go to show that the odds are-so far--three to one against my contention.

Yours faithfully,
"EXCAVATOR."

The Press and the Profession.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE "JOURNAL OF THE BRITISH DENTAL ASSOCIATION."

SIR, I herewith enclose, for insertion in our Journal, two paragraphs relating to affairs dental, cut from two Chicago newspapers. I do not know which is the more remarkable, the sublime modesty (!) of the Americans or the blind infatuation of some of our most active members who ask us, on the plea of nationality, to fraternise with dentists who follow such courses. Obediently yours,

12, George Street,

Hanover Square, W.
October 14, 1902.

JAS. S. TURNER.

[The first of these paragraphs is appended to a portrait in the Chicago Record of September 5, 1902.]

DR. TRUMAN BROPHY AND HIS REMARKABLE OPERATION

BEFORE PHYSICIANS IN STOCKHOLM.

Dr. TRUMAN W. BROPHY of Chicago has just pleased and highly interested the surgical and dental profession of Sweden by performing a remarkable operation on the mouths of two children at the Seraphimer Hospital in Stockholm. Dr. Brophy is attending the meeting of the International Dental Federation, now in session in Sweden's capital, and his remarkable operation was watched by a number of the most distinguished practitioners of medicine and surgery in Europe. In the evening Dr. and Mrs. Brophy gave a reception at the Grand Hotel, an occasion rendered all the more agreeable by the fact that King Oscar took advantage of it to compliment the Chicago dental surgeon in the most flattering way.

AMERICANS DOCTOR ROYALTY.

KINGS, QUEENS AND NOBILITY OF EUROPE EMPLOY AMERICAN DENTISTS. Special Cable to the "Chicago Daily News" of September 5, 1902.

London, September 5.—“ American dentists are employed by nearly all the crowned heads of Europe," said Dr. Allison W. Harlan, of Chicago, who sails for the United States to-morrow, after having taken a prominent part in the proceedings of the International Dental Congress held in Stockholm, Sweden. "By far the most striking feature of the meetings," he continued, "was the revelation that American dental surgeons are practising in nearly all the royal palaces of Europe.

"Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany and the Empress of Germany, the Czar, the Queen of England, Queen Wilhelmina of Holland, who employs Dr. James Stewart, a Chicagoan; Dowager Queen Margherita of Italy, the King of the Belgians, King Oscar of Sweden and Norway, a host of petty royalties and most of the nobility throughout England and the continent, decline to allow any but American dentists to touch their teeth. The Czar sends all the way to Dresden when he requires a dentist, in order to have the advantage of the services of his favourite American practitioner. In those rare cases where the royal dentists are not Americans they are men who have learned their profession in American colleges.

"In the course of the deliberations of the Congress little doubt was left that Europeans regard the United States School of Dentistry as the most advanced in the world. It was voted enthusiastically to hold the next congress at St. Louis when the exposition is in full swing. Dr. Brophy of Chicago, who has been re-elected President of the International Dental Federation, closed the Congress with one of his celebrated palatal operations."

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