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Mr. ACKERY moved a very hearty vote of thanks to Mr. Harding for taking the chair, which was carried with acclamation.

The PRESIDENT having responded, also on the motion of Mr. ACKERY, a hearty vote of thanks was again accorded to Mrs. Harding with acclamation.

General Meeting.
Friday, May 23.

Mr. W. E. HARDING, President, in the chair.

The first paper read was "A Scheme to Neutralise the Advertiser," by Mr. H. T. Dreschfeld, L.D.S.Edin.

Mr. J. F. COLYER read a paper on "Oral Sepsis."1

Mr. W. BOOTH PEARSALL read a paper entitled "The Association as it is, and as it might be.""

The meeting then adjourned.

The adjourned meeting of the Association was held in the afternoon of the same day, Mr. W. E. Harding again presiding. The paper read was: "The Treatment of Intractable Suppuration in the Maxillary Antrum," by Eugene S. Yonge, M.D.

Microscopical Section.
Friday, May 23.

Mr. G. G. CAMPION, President, in the chair.

The CHAIRMAN: I have, in the first place, to thank you for the compliment which you have paid me by asking me be to be your President this year, a compliment which I rather demurred to accepting at first, because for some years I have done no work at all with a microscope, and it seemed to me, it would be uncomplimentary to bring before you a rehash of old things that one might have been interested in once, especially as I have not kept up with the later work which has been done. With that idea in my mind, I accepted the invitation that I should be President only on condition that I should not be called upon to read a formal address. I have therefore simply to thank you for the honour which you have done me, and to say that I shall be very glad to do what I can for the Section during the ensuing twelvemonths.

Mr. T. LAW WEBB, M.B., Ch.B., of Shrewsbury, read a paper on "The Removal of Portions of Suspicious Growths or Ulcers in the Mouth for Microscopical Examination."

Dr. A. W. W. BAKER read a paper on "The Late Eruption of a Bicuspid."

A paper was read on "Two Odontomes," by Messrs. W. H. Dolamore and A. Hopewell-Smith. This was illustrated by lantern slides.

'To be published as an Original Communication.


Mr. F. J. BENNETT thought there were good reasons for suggesting the name of Mr. J. F. Colyer as President of the Section for the ensuing year. Mr. Colyer had had much to do with microscopic work, pathology, and histology, and that would be adequate ground for electing him; but in addition to that everyone knew Mr. Colyer's energy and force of character, and in a young Section like the Microscopical, it was very important to have somebody who would exert himself as much as possible to develop the Section, and to extend it in every way desirable. From the remarks made by the President it was possible that the meaning of the term "Microscopical Section" might be extended to anything connected with pathology, or histology, or anatomy, or any of the allied sciences.

Dr. BAKER seconded the motion, expressing the belief that it was not possible to have a better President than Mr. Colyer.

Mr. CUNNINGHAM endorsed the nomination, and agreed with Mr. Bennett as to the importance of enlarging the scope of the Section. Casual communications might be introduced into the Section with advantage. Many a man would come up with notes of cases or slides who would not read a paper.

Mr. J. F. COLYER was unanimously elected President, and in responding said he was very pleased to accept the honour and do all he possibly could to develop the Section. He should rather like to see it a Section of Dental Pathology.


Mr. J. F. COLYER proposed a vote of thanks to Mr. Campion for his conduct in the chair. Whenever he came to the Microscopical Section the meeting had been generally very small, but he had always gone away feeling that he had learned something by attending. He did not think there was any need for sorrow at the smallness of the numbers, as the chances were that those who were present were enthusiasts.

The motion was carried with acclamation.

The PRESIDENT, in thanking the members for the vote, congratulated the Section on having elected a very much stronger man for the ensuing year. With regard to the suggestion of Mr. Bennett and Mr. Cunningham, the Microscopical Section had no very definitely organised existence, and the subject of the change of name was not one which could be done at once. But he thought, after what Mr. Colyer had said, the members might safely leave it to him to make some suggestions next year and agree upon a better title. A better title might be easily found.

The meeting then closed.


THE Annual Dinner of the Association was held in the Music Hall, Shrewsbury, on Friday, May 23, Mr. W. E. HARDING, President, in the chair.

The usual loyal toasts having been honoured,

The Reverend PREBENDARY MOSS, M.A. (Headmaster of Shrewsbury School), proposed "The British Dental Association." He said: Mr. President and Gentlemen,-In being entrusted with what I think might be properly called the toast of the evening, I feel that a great compliment has been paid to me and a heavy responsibility imposed upon me. The responsibility is all the greater because those parts of my few remarks which ought to receive the most enthusiastic applause, the natural modesty of a large proportion of my audience will prevent them applauding. I really do not know why this toast has been entrusted to me. I can only conjecture it may be because, after having had charge of pupils who may be now numbered by the thousand, I may not unreasonably be supposed to have a considerable knowledge of the esurient capacities of the young, and of the importance of the soundness and efficiency of that part of the human frame to which you direct your energies with such signal ability. In all seriousness, gentlemen, I do claim for myself one unique qualification: so large a number of my pupils have presented themselves in your President's consulting room, that no one in Shrewsbury can testify more veraciously to the skill, the care, and the conscientiousness of your President than I can. As I understand, the objects of your profession are mainly three. The first I suppose to be the exclusion of unworthy aspirants from an honourable profession. Let me assure you, gentlemen, that in that object you have the hearty sympathy of the general public. No Englishman or Britisher cares to entrust a portion of that which he values so highly to the inexperience of some self-sufficient amateur. The second object of your Association, I believe, is to advance the knowledge of esurient practice. I am quite sure it must be a great advantage to you to meet together, partly as teachers and partly as learners, and those who teach on these occasions, I am confident, are glad to have the theories which they advance corrected, criticised, and even censured by their brethren. I am confident that it is from no desire to flaunt your own superiority over your brethren that you give them this information, but rather to bring your theories to the test of truth. And those of you who listen—and I confess a good listener is almost as valuable a member of society as a good speaker-carry to your homes many valuable hints and suggestions which you test in your own experience, and which you can develop into something which can commend itself to your judgment. There, again, you have the sympathy of the general public. The more exact your science becomes, the more expert you are in the practice of your profession, the greater public benefactors are you. You are public benefactors, and have been so in a special sense ever since your profession came into existence. Anything which makes your profession of more value to the general public naturally commends itself to the general public, who, after all, are actuated by self-interest. The third object of your Association, I believe, is to give you an annual opportunity of being together in all good fellowship. I belong to a somewhat similar society. Some thirty years ago I was one of those who assisted at the birth of the Head

masters' Conference, and I have never missed one of the annual meetings of that body since that time. I know something of its inner workings, because during the three years which expired last Christmas I was Chairman of the Committee of the Conference. I really do not know whether our meetings have contributed largely to the progress of the science of—what a horrid name it is!-pedagogy. I have my doubts. We have administered lectures to a large number of public bodies; we have told them with much emphasis what they ought to do, and the late Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, was so good as to dub us habitual instructors. But whether we have done much to advance the science of education or not, of this I am confident, that our meetings have done much to solve difficulties and to soften antagonisms. They have promoted a mutual understanding, and have created and cemented friendships.

When men meet together they find that those whom they meet are not the monsters which perhaps in some suspicious mood they imagined they were; they find men very much the same as themselves. When members of the same profession meet together, whatever may be their differences of method or of ideas, they are drawn together by a consciousness that they are working in one common spirit and working to one common end. If I am not mistaken that is not one of the least advantages of your Association. I must tell you an anecdote as a warning. It was narrated to me by a near relation of the clergyman concerned. He lived near Shrewsbury in the early half of last century, and there was a lady in his parish who contemplated the faults of her neighbours through a microscope and turned a telescope on her own. Something went wrong with her teeth and she paid a visit to a member of your profession who told her she must have two false teeth inserted. This troubled her greatly, and she went to the clergyman and propounded to him the difficulty. She said, "Is it consistent with the simplicity and sincerity of the Christian profession to have anything that is false put into my mouth?" The clergyman had long sought an opportunity of acquainting her with the fact that the opinion which others entertained of her was not exactly identical with that which she entertained of herself. And I think you will agree with me that his reply was one calculated to lessen her self-confidence. It was this: "Madam, have no fear; I am confident that even after you have submitted to this operation, even after you have had two false teeth inserted in your mouth, you will still retain the power of swallowing a camel." I beg to propose the toast of the British Dental Association, and to couple with that toast the name of Mr. Leonard Matheson.

Mr. LEONARD MATHESON, in reply, said: I thank you for the great honour you have done me in drinking this toast and in coupling my name with it. I feel that it is the greatest professional honour that has fallen to my lot. But I am not here to speak of myself; I am here to speak on behalf of the Association, and in the name of the Association I thank you. Why do you honour the Association? What is there in the Association to merit your esteem? The pious Cowper said of England, "England, with all thy faults, I love thee still," and many of you here think that the Association has a good many faults, and yet you are here, and you drink heartily to its health. What has it done for you? What has it done for the community at large? These are large questions, and this is not the occasion on which to answer them fully and properly. To most of you it would be a thrice-told tale. To

speak of the Dentists Act, after the birth of which this Association proceeded, and to speak of the founders of the Dentists Act, who also founded this Association, and who through this Association have striven to carry out the objects of the Dentists Act, would be very stale to most of you.

To take one or two of the things that the Association has done, I need not remind you what the Association has done in the way of advocating the careful inspection and care of the teeth of school children. More and more every day it is felt that the well-being of the nation depends upon its health, and it is becoming a mere truism to say that the health of the community depends largely upon its teeth. That has been brought home to the nation, as the Association has never brought it home hitherto, through the deplorable and terrible war in South Africa. Thousands have been proved to be inefficient and have been put on one side as fighting items because of the improper condition of their teeth. The Association has done something to provide for the wellbeing of the teeth of the men in the field, but that is only the outward and visible sign of what the Association has been doing for a long time in urging the powers that be to see to it that the men in our Army and Navy have teeth which will enable them to fight properly for their country. It is only by combining together that we can do these things, and it is only by united action. that we can do anything. The reverend gentleman who proposed this toast pointed out that one of our objects-and it is one of our chief objects—is the dissemination of knowledge, an ever-widening and ever-deepening knowledge which we do our best to extend. It is scarcely a generation ago that one used to hear the words "professional secrets." There are no professional secrets nowadays-that is to say, there are no professional secrets for those who have trained eyes to see, trained minds to understand, and trained fingers to carry out the work. In a profession which has for its objects the alleviation and the cure of pain and distress, and the promotion of the welfare and well-being of the community at large, it goes without saying that our endeavour must always be to spread such knowledge as will assist in fulfilling these objects. It is by the annual meetings of the Association and the many meetings of the Branches that this is done by the interchange of thought and the demonstration of methods which are the result of experience and experiment, the knowledge of our calling is spread. We have also the stimulus which comes from the contact of mind with mind and from the personal record of endeavour and achievement.


But there is another thing besides the extension of knowledge and good fellowship, and that is the maintenance and promotion of professional feeling. Do we use this as a cant phrase, or do we really mean something by it? There are those who say that a trade is buying and selling and that we do not buy and sell and that is what makes us into a profession. That goes a very little way indeed, because if we do not sell tangible articles we sell our skill and the products of our skill, and besides, there is many a trade which can be carried on and is carried on in a professional spirit. We may go a step further and point to the artist-a professional man, who produces works of art and finds in his work a pleasure; he does the work for the work's sake, and we do that. There is nicety, beauty, delicacy in our work; there are the very difficulties and problems of our work; there is the adaptation of the work to the needs of particular cases; all of which things enable us to take a pleasure and satisfaction in our work for its own sake. But, gentlemen, that does not go far enough it seems to me; and I think you will agree with me, that the only

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