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Special Correspondence.

Manchester.

ON February 24, the Governors of the Victoria Dental Hospital held their Annual Meeting, and a very satisfactory report of the year's work was presented. From it we gather that the number of patients treated during 1901 was 14,848, making a grand total since the opening (1884) of nearly 200,000; surely a valuable testimony to the appreciation by the "deserving poor" of the benefits derived. Nearly 7,000 fillings were inserted, and 150 artificial dentures, besides a large number of crowns, inlays and appliances for the treatment of irregularities..

Donations to the Building Fund for a new hospital during the year amounted to £1,380, and the annual subscriptions £137; but the "philanthropic public" might more generously aid such a deserving institution.

The great event of the month has been the visit of their Royal Highnesses the Prince and Princess of Wales, on March 12, to open the handsome Whitworth Hall, Owens College, a function which coincided with the celebration of the "Jubilee" of that institution, and which was made the occasion of an enormous gathering of delegates from educational bodies from all over the world-Japan, the American Continent, and Europe, besides our Colonies, sending in person their congratulations. Social and academic functions enhanced the proceedings, and many honorary degrees were conferred by the Victoria University, among the recipients being Sir Thomas Barlow, Sir J. S. Burdon-Sanderson, Sir W. S. Church, Mr. H. G. Howse and Professor

Simpson.

At the opening ceremony, in addition to the admirable speech of His Royal Highness, two masterly orations were delivered, one by Professor Jebb on Literature, and another by Professor Rucker on Science.

The recently approved-of gowns and caps were worn by the students, and added considerably to the picturesqueness of the scene. I noticed the dental lecturers were likewise apparelled in teachers' robes.

It was interesting to hear how Owens College had successfully combatted its early difficulties and discouragements, and now sees not only its own success, but the imitation in other centres of the "ideals" it inaugurated. There were only twenty-five students when the College opened, now there are no less than 1,100 attending the classes, thanks, in no small measure, to the renown gained by its former students, as well as that of members of the professorial staff.

On April 8 there was one of those pleasant social reunions that make so much for professional unity and good comradeship between the members of different Societies, and turn the natural rivalry (if one may be pardoned for using such a term) into a charming emulation with a mutual advantage. On this occasion the Manchester Odontological Society had the pleasure of entertaining the kindred Society from Liverpool, and a goodly contingent came from the neighbouring "port." After tea a capital mental bill of fare was assimilated "casuals" being presented by Messrs. A. B. Wolfenden, Wm. Simms, W. H. Jones, J. L. Hodge and David Headridge, and Messrs. G. G. Campion and C. H.

Preston read a paper on "Some Essentials of a good Articulator," in which with the lantern they demonstrated the defects of all articulators and recorded a series of experiments showing the natural articulation and that obtained with an articulator; but incidentally mentioned that awaiting yet a perfect articulator, more satisfactory results could be obtained by using (instead of taking the arbitrary measurement of four inches as advocated by Bonwill) a tray in which an impression of the lower front teeth or alveolus is obtained, and having two wires soldered to it, which turn out of the mouth up to the condyles and for each case so measured, and then by this means placing the models in the same relation to the hinge of the articulator.

Obituary.

Mr. R. P. Lennox.

We regret to record the death of Mr. R. P. Lennox of Cambridge, which took place on March 23, from cardiac failure following an attack of influenza of a fortnight's duration. Mr. Lennox was 59 years of age. He was a constant attendant at the Annual Meetings of the Association, and a man whose ability and inventive faculty, chiefly in the mechanical direction, have caused his name to be wellknown throughout the dental profession. Mr. Lennox was a Member and past President of the Eastern Counties Branch of the British Dental Association, and his name appears on the list of Members as representing the Branch on the Representative Board. He was also an Honorary Member of the Irish Branch. His presence will be greatly missed at the forthcoming meeting at Shrewsbury. In him the dental profession loses an able practitioner, the Association a valuable member, and a large number of its members a personal friend.

Reviews and Motices of Books.

PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE OF OPERATIVE DENTISTRY. By J. S. MARSHALL, M.D. Pp. 685. Philadelphia and London: J. B. Lippincott and Co. It is a matter of considerable interest at this time, when so much attention is being given to the condition of the teeth of our military forces, that a text-book should appear on "Operative Dentistry," by the officer who is appointed to preside over such matters in the United States.

Dr. J. S. Marshall, who is the author of this work, is a dental surgeon in the American Army, and in addition, President of the Army Board for examining dental surgeons, an official position which

we have not yet seen fit to create on this side of the Atlantic. The subject on which he writes is treated in a thoroughly systematic and scientific manner, beginning with a clear exposition of the anatomy, development, and morphology of the dental tissues and jaws, thus leading step by step to a comprehensive view of the principles and practice of operative dentistry, arranged in a natural and orderly sequence. The chapters on filling materials and the process of filling teeth are particularly good, as without unnecessary verbiage, Dr. Marshall records all the important investigations and experiments which have been made on this subject by European and American observers, so that the student has before him in few words the main points of many years spent in tedious experimentation.

The subject of extraction is certainly, from the English point of view at any rate, unworthy of the rest of the book. We find nearly half a page given to the obsolete "key," or "turnkey," as Dr. Marshall calls it, while no mention whatever is made of the hawk'sbill pattern of forceps which we find so useful in the extraction of lower teeth. Moreover, when we come to read what he says on the extraction of individual teeth, we find in many cases the information afforded most inadequate, notably in the case of lower third molars, wherein we find no mention of the use of the elevator, which is often the one instrument with which we can accomplish their removal.

Although not the best work there is on operative dentistry, it is certainly well worth the notice of students and practitioners.

STUDIES OF THE INTERNAL ANATOMY OF THE FACE. By W. II. CRYER, M.D., D.D.S. 1901. S. S. White Dental Manufacturing Co.

THIS work, by Dr. Cryer, of Pennsylvania, is chiefly remarkable for the excellence of its plates, which are exceedingly numerous and depict the internal anatomy of the face from almost every imaginable point of view, together with a valuable portrayal of cases of dental and maxillary pathological interest. The descriptions accompanying them are for the most part clear and well-written, though here and there we think many investigators would be inclined to doubt the author's conclusions.

A very full account is given of the maxillary antrum and a good deal of useful information is given as to its dental relationship. It is interesting to see that the author agrees with most writers on the subject of antral suppuration, that septic infection most frequently arises through the common communication between the nasal chamber, the frontal sinuses, the ethmoidal cells and the maxillary sinus; he recognises also that the posterior ethmoidal and sphenoidal cells and the cells of the orbital process of the palate bone can also infect the antrum by resorption of the partition separating those

cavities. On the whole Dr. Cryer's book is well worth reading, and we can certainly recommend it to those interested in the subject on which he writes.

Annotations.

WE publish for the delectation of our readers the subjoined letter, which may prove instructive reading to those who are curious to enquire into the professional ethics of gentlemen bearing the honourable titles of M.D., D.D.S., on what, we believe, is sometimes called "the other side." Arthur C. Probert, M.D., D.D.S., LL.D., encloses his photograph to assure his British confrères that he really exists in the flesh and is not only a beautiful dream. We also possess a copy of the Certificate in English and Latin. Whether the whole document is really as representative as it claims to be our readers may judge for themselves. A microscopical analysis sounds enticing!

Arthur C. Probert, M. D., D.D.S., LL.D., President and Treasurer.

Wm. A. Weiser, M.D., Ph. G., Vice-President, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Chicago.

G. A. Steele, M.S., M. D., Secretary, Rush Medical College of Chicago. James Madison Huse, D.D.S., M.D., Superintendent of Dental Department, Boston Dental College Electric Medical College of New York City. Hospital, Dental and Operating Rooms. Free to all our Members in Good Stand

ing only.

Our Hospital is Positively Non-Sectarian.
We Employ only Trained and Profes-

We Employ

ST. LUKE'S HOSPITAL OF NILES.

(INCORPORATED UNDER THE STATE LAWS OF MICHIGAN, 1898.)

Capital Stock, 100,000,000 Dols.

A well-equipped and up-to-date General Hospital for the use of Physicians, Surgeons and Dentists. Owns its own large, fire-proof building with over five acres of fine shady grounds surrounding it.

Dental Staff

A. Dale Covey, D.D.S., M.D., late Professor of Oral Surgery in the American Medical College of Indians, Hahnemann Medical College and Hospital of Chicago. Rolla M. Chase, M.D., D.D.S., Tufts College Dental School of Boston. Secretary Vermont Board of Dental Examiners.

Honourable Daniel B. Ingalls, D.D.S., Tufts College Dental School of Boston. Edgar Osgood Kinsman, D.D.S., Boston Dental College. Secretary North Western Dental Association and Mass. Dental Society.

Howard R. Weber, A. M., M.D., D.D.S., University of Maryland.

M. P. Beecher, D.D.S., Beecher's Dental Directory of the U.S.

Frank A. Godsoe, D.D.S., Boston Dental College.

D. H. Dickerman, D.D.S., Registered with Connecticut State Dental Board.

Mons. C. Christensen, D. D.S., Licentiate Illinois State Board.

Samuel K. Loder, D.D.S., Ph.G., Philadelphia Dental College.

Wm. W. Ver Valen, D.D.S., Baltimore College of Dental Surgery.

Gustave Newman, D.D.S., M.D., Licentiate Ohio State Board.

Chas. D. Allen, D.D.S., Louisville College of Dentistry.

Isaac Douglas, D.D.S., M.D., University of Medicine and Surgeons, Philadelphia. Pa. Charles D. Beardsley, D.D.S., M.D., American College of Dental Surgery of

Chicago.

Professor John B. Coolridge, M.D., D.D.S., formerly Professor of Mechanical Dentistry and Metallurgy, Boston Dental College.

S. P. Earnest, D.D.S., M.D., Western University of Pennsylvania.
Marion Holland, M.D., D.D.S., University of Michigan.

Francis H. Chidester, D.D.S., Boston Dental College.

Wm. E. Pilcher, D.D.S., American College of Dental Surgery, Chicago.

James E. Low. D.D., Registered with Illinois State Board.
Address all Communications to St. Luke's Hospital.
Niles, Michigan, U.S.A.,
January 20, 1902.

DR. SAMUEL JNO. HUTCHINSON,

London, England.

DEAR DOCTOR,-We enclose you herewith some of our literature for your careful perusal, together with a Dentists' Application blank for you to fill out and return to us, should you wish to join our Dental Staff.

The many advantages, privileges and financial benefits to be gained by your joining us are briefly and partially told as follows, viz. :—

(1) We issue in addition to our certificate a neat lithograph pocket Membership Ticket, which we believe, if displayed judiciously, will pay for your certificate many times over during the course of a year. Should you want only our pocket Membership Ticket alone, it will cost you 2'00 dols. ; otherwise, it goes free with the Certificate of Membership.

(2) We have just received a very costly and ornamental Red Cross solid gold button from the wholesale jewellers, lettered in circular form: "Staff, St. Luke's Hospital,” which goes free with our new membership; or if ordered alone 2'00 dols.

(3) We will pay you a commission of 25 per cent. in cash for all surgical operations, and 10 per cent. on all medical cases you may send to our hospital for treatment.

(4) Should you wish to consult us at any time regarding difficult cases, we will freely give you whatever assistance and advice we can, and will make microscopical analysis of specimens sent us free of charge.

(5) We charge nothing for nursing patients day or night, as part of the expense is taken from our Nursing Fund. We do charge, however, for board and rooms ranging from 150 dols. to 2'00 dols. per day, according to location selected by the patient.

(6) After you have ordered and paid for the certificate of membership, either in English or Latin, should you so desire it, and will send us a list of names, not exceeding twelve, including your local newspapers, we will write an individual letter recommending you to each one of them. Of course these letters of endorsement are optional for you to accept or reject whichever you see fit.

Now Doctor, after considering all these strong features, we would ask with all fairness, do you not consider it to your financial interests to have your appointment confirmed? Kindly let us hear from you as soon as possible, and greatly savour,

Fraternally yours,

ARTHUR C. PROBERT, M.D., D.D.S., President.

WE referred last month to the speeches delivered by Mr. Victor Horsley and Mr. Tomes at the Metropolitan Branch dinner, expressing regret that no reporters were present. Owing to the energy and courtesy of the President and Hon. Secretary of the Branch we are now able to publish a report, not only of the speeches referred to, but

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