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lose him, and appointed him as a sort of supernumerary Fellow. Andrews also received a complimentary appointment as Fellow of Jesus College in the university of Oxford. In his own college, he was made a catechist; that is to say, a lecturer in divinity.
His conspicuous talents soon procured him powerful patrons. Henry, Earl of Huntington, took him into the North of England; where his preaching and disputing were the means of converting numerous papists. He was also warmly befriended by Sir Francis Walsingham, Secretary of State to Queen Elizabeth. He was made parson of Alton, in Hampshire; and then vicar of St. Giles's in London. He was afterwards made Prebendary and Residentiary of St. Paul's, and also of the Collegiate Church of Southwark. He lectured on divinity at St. Paul's three times each week. On the death of Dr. Fulke, Dr. Andrews was chosen Master of Pembroke Hall, where he had received his education. While at the head of this college, he was one of its principal benefactors. It was rather poor at that time, but by his efforts its endowments were much increased; and at his death, many years afterwards, he left to it large bequests. He gave up this station to become chaplain in ordinary to Queen Elizabeth, who delighted in his preaching, and made him Prebendary of Westminster, and afterwards Dean of that famous church. In the matter of church dignities and preferments, he was remarkably favored.
It was while he held this office of Dean of Westminster, that Dr. Andrews was made director, or president, of the first company of Translators, composed of ten members, who held their meetings at Westminster. The portion of the Bible assigned to them was the five books of Moses, and the historical books to the end of the Second Book of Kings. Perhaps, no part of the work is executed better than this.
With King James, Dr. Andrews stood in still higher favor than he had done with Elizabeth. The "royal pedant" had published a "Defence of the Rights of Kings," in opposition to the arrogant claims of the Popes. He was answered most bitterly by the celebrated Cardinal Bellarmin. The king'set Dr. Andrews to refute the formidable cardinal; which he did in a learned quarto, highly commended by Casaubon. To this quarto, the accomplished cardinal made no reply. The service thus rendered, was rewarded by the king, who made his champion Bishop of Chichester; to which office Dr. Andrews was consecrated, November 3d, 1605.
This was soon after his appointment to be one of the Translators of the Bible. He accepted the bishopric with great humility, having previously refused that dignity more than once. motto graven on his episcopal seal was the solemn exclamation: "And who is sufficient for these things!" At this time he was also made Lord Almoner to the king, a place of great trust, in which he proved himself faithful and uncorrupt. In September, 1609, he was transferred to the bishopric of Ely; and was called to his Majesty's privy council. In February, 1618, he was translated to the bishopric of Winchester; which, if less dignified than the archiepiscopal see of Canterbury, was then much more richly endowed, so that it used to be said: "Canterbury is the highest rack, but Winchester is the better manger." At the time of this last preferment, Dr. Andrews was also appointed Dean of the King's Chapel; and these stations he retained till his death.
In all the high offices Bishop Andrews was called to fill, he conducted himself with the greatest ability and integrity. The crack-brained king, who scarce knew how to restrain his profaneness and frivolity under the most serious circumstances, desisted from his accustomed mirth and levity in the presence of Bishop Andrews, overawed by the gravity of the prelate. And yet the good bishop knew how to be facetious when occasion required. Edmund Waller, the poet, tells of his being once at court, where he overheard a conversation held by the king with Bishop Neile of Durham, and Bishop Andrews of Winchester. The monarch, who was always stickling for his prerogative, asked the bishops: "My lords, cannot I take my subjects' money when I want it, without all this formality in parliament?" The Bishop of Durham, who was one of the meanest of sycophants to his prince, as well as a harsh and haughty oppressor of his puritan clergy, made a ready answer: "God forbid, Sir, but you should; you are the breath of our nostrils!" Upon this, the king turned to the Bishop of Winchester: "Well, my lord, what say you?" Bishop Andrews replied evasively: "Sir, I have no skill to judge of parliamentary cases." But the king persisted: "No put-offs, my lord; answer me presently." "Then, Sir," said the shrewd bishop, "I think it lawful for you to take my brother Neile's money, for he offers it." Even the petulant king was hugely pleased with this piece of pleasantry, which afforded great entertainment to his cringing courtiers.
"For the benefit of the afflicted," as the advertisements have it, we give a little circumstance which is related of Dr. Andrews, While he was one of the divines at Cambridge, he was applied to by a worthy alderman of that drowsy city, who had the sorry habit of sleeping under the afternoon sermon; and who, to his great mortification, had been publicly rebuked for it by the minister of the parish. As snuff had not then gotten into vogue, Dr. Andrews did not advise, as some matter-of-fact men have done in such cases, the taking of a rousing pinch. He seems to have been of the opinion of the famous Dr. Romaine, who once told his full-fed congregation in London, that it was hard work to preach to two pounds of beef and a pot of porter. So Dr. Andrews advised his civic friend to dine very sparingly. The advice was followed; but without avail. Again the "fair round" dignitary slumbered and slept, till roused up by the harsh rebukes of the irritated preacher. The mortified alderman again repaired. to Dr. Andrews, with tears in those too sleepy eyes of his, begging some further counsel. The considerate divine recommended to him to dine as usual, and then to take his nap out before repairing to his pew. This plan was adopted; and to the next discourse, which was a violent invective prepared for the very purpose of castigating the alderman's incurable habit, he listened with unwinking eyes, whose wondrous vigilance gave quite a ridiculous air to the whole business. So the unhappy parson was almost as much vexed at his huge-waisted hearer's unwonted wakefulness, as before, at his unseemly dozing.
Bishop Andrews continued in high esteem with Charles I.; and that most culpable of monarchs, whose only redeeming quality was the strength and tenderness of his domestic affections, in his dying advice to his children, advised them to study the writings of three divines, of whom our Translator was one.
Lancelot Andrews died at Winchester House, in Southwark, London, September 25th, 1626, aged seventy-one years. was buried in the Church of St. Saviour, where a fair monument marks the spot. Having never married, he bequeathed his property mostly to benevolent uses. John Milton, then but a youth, wrote a glowing. Latin elegy on his death.
As a preacher, Bishop Andrews was right famous in his day. He was called the "star of preachers." Thomas Fuller says, *Stella predicantium.
that he was "an inimitable preacher in his way; and such plagiaries as have stolen his sermons could never steal his preaching, and could make nothing of that, whereof he made all things as he desired. Pious and pleasant Bishop Felton, his contemporary and colleague, endeavored in vain in his sermons to assimilate his style; and therefore said merrily of himself: 'I had almost marred my own natural trot, by endeavoring to imitate his artificial amble."" Let this be a warning to all who would play the monkey, and especially to such as would ape the eccentricities of genius. Nor is it desirable that Bishop Andrews's style should be imitated; for it abounds in quips, quirks and puns, according to the false taste of his time. Few writers are "so happy as to treat upon matters which must always interest, and to do it in a manner which shall forever please." To build up a solid literary reputation, taste and judgment in composition are as necessary as learning and ability. Hence it is, that the once admired folios of Bishop Andrews are doomed at last to the dusty dignity of the lower shelf in the library.
Many hours he spent each day in private and family devotions: and there were some who used to desire that "they might end their days in Bishop Andrews's chapel." He was one in whom was proved the truth of Luther's profound remark, that "to have prayed well is to have studied well." Our praying prelate abounded also in almsgiving; usually sending his benefactions in private, as from a friend who chose to remain unknown. He was exceeding liberal in his gifts to poor and deserving scholars. His own instructors he held in the highest reverence. His old schoolmaster Mulcaster always sat at the upper end of the episcopal table; and when the venerable pedagogue was dead, his portrait was placed over the bishop's study-door. These were just tributes of respect and honor:
"For if the scholar to such height did reach,
Then what was he who did that scholar teach?"
This worthy diocesan was greatly "given to hospitality, and especially to literary strangers. So bountiful was his cheer, that it used to be said: "My lord of Winchester keeps Christmas all the year round." He once spent three thousand pounds in three days, though "in this we praise him not," in entertaining King James at Farnham Castle. His society was as much sought,
however, for the charm of his rich and varied conversation, as for his liberal house-keeping and his exalted stations.
But we are chiefly concerned to know what were his qualifications as a Translator of the Bible. He ever bore the character of “a right godly man" and "a prodigious student." One competent judge speaks of him as "that great gulf of learning!" It was also said, that "the world wanted learning to know how learned this man was." And a brave old chronicler remarks, that such was his skill in all languages, especially the Oriental, that, had he been present at the confusion of tongues at Babel, he might have served as INTERPRETER-GENERAL!
THE reflecting and conscientious man, when he considers the security to life, property, and reputation, under the shield which is spread over him by the laws of his country, cannot be insensible to the value of good government. When, further, he considers how far the prevalence of Christianity, with its priceless blessings, is connected with the character of civil government and the obedience rendered to it, he must feel a serious responsibility as to his opinions and acts relating to "the powers that To such a man, therefore it is a momentous inquiry, What is the foundation of civil government?
Different answers have been given to this great question. There are some, indeed, who deny that civil government has any just foundation; or that men are under any obligations to yield obedience to it. They charge upon it all the evils which exist in society. They desire its overthrow, as a blessing to the whole race of man. We cannot believe that there are many, who entertain notions so opposed to the teachings of reason and revelation. But the fact, that opinions so disastrous to man in his present and eternal relations are avowed, is a sufficient reason for giving to our subject a thorough discussion.
By a far more numerous and respectable portion of the community, men are represented as having originally entered into conventional regulations, abandoning something of their private rights for the sake of other and greater which grow out of gov