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the heart, and not on the truth, seems to be obvious. And we do not see how the doctrine of divine moral suasion can be consistently maintained, without first giving up the doctrine of the entire sinfulness of the unrenewed heart. For so long as the heart is entirely sinful, it will resist the motives of the gospel; and it is a self-evident truth, that the heart cannot yield to motives and resist them at the same time.

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Should it be said, that, according to the view which has now been taken, regeneration is not a moral, but a physical change, we would reply by asking, What, according to this view, is supposed to be done? Not that any change is wrought in the substance of the soul, not that any alteration is effected in the structure of the mind, not that any new substance is created and infused into the soul; but that a change is wrought in those moral affections of the soul, to which all the commands of God are addressed, and which constitute the principle of all accountable, voluntary action. By an immediate act of divine power, the sinner is brought to love what before he hated. Is this a physical change? Is the sinner's moral agency impaired? Not in the least. In his last exercise of hatred, he was a moral agent. In his first exercise of love, he is a moral agent. And when has his moral agency ceased? The change is entirely a moral change. It is as much so as it could be, if it were produced solely by the influence of motives, without any supernatural agency whatever.

OBSERVATIONS ON MEN, BOOKS AND THINGS.

NEANDER'S GENERAL HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION AND CHURCH. The second volume of Professor Torrey's fine translation of this invaluable work has just issued from the press of Crocker and Brewster. Translation and imprint are nobly executed. The undertakers have gone too far to stop. They must complete this important enterprise. Though we largely noticed the work on the appearance of the first volume, we will add a few remarks on the general subject. One of the old writers speaks of history, as “a velvet-study and recreation-work." To this remark, ecclesiastical history seems to be an exception. And yet it is an interesting labor to wander among ruins, and to dig for treasures among the rubbish of the past, especially with a Neander as guide and expositor. As it is sung in Wharton's Sonnet on Dugdale's "Monasticon,"

"While cloistered piety displays

Her mouldering scroll, the piercing eye explores
New manners and the pomp of elder days,

Whence culls the pensive bard his pictured stores:
Nor rough nor barren are the winding ways

Of hoar antiquity, but strewn with flowers."

The best plan for the student of church history, is first to have his principles firmly rooted and grounded in the Scriptures, where we have the purest and most primitive Christian antiquity. Let his foundations be in the Bible. Tertullian has excellently said, in the fourth book against Marcion: "That is truest which is first, that is first which is from the beginning; that is from the beginning which is from the apostles." The scholar who acts on this principle, will readily detect the numerous errors of the Fathers; for "there is no false way," said John Cotton, "but is an aberration from the first institution." Such a scholar will agree with Lord Bacon, that "antiquity without truth is a cypher without a figure:". - and with Cyprian, that "old custom without truth is a mouldy error." Such study is exceedingly instructive as to human nature and the sovreignty of God. Dr. Bogue of Gosport used to read the newspaper every day "in order to see how God is governing the world." And Dr. Arnold of Rugby remarks of the same kind of reading, that it is one of the most painful and solemn studies in the world, if it be read thoughtfully." How much more important, in these respects, must be the perusal of the extended records of the past. This study stands next to biblical theology, which it greatly illustrates and confirms.

A NEW ABSURDITY.—The infidelity which lurks in the blood of this generation breaks out in so many unexpected spots, that it would be superfluous to feel excessive astonishment on finding its eruptions pimpling the fair face of lovely Oberlin. In the "Quarterly Review," published at that place, President Mahan has started a new notion about the three books of Solomon. He maintains that the Proverbs of Solomon is an inspired book, written "in the days of his purity and peace." Canticles is not inspired, being merely a filthy love-song, penned when its author had wholly fallen from grace. Ecclesiastes is a piece of rank infidelity, composed when the Jewish king had become an open apostate. Still, these two uninspired and odious books were placed in the sacred canon by inspiration of God, as documents illustrative of these successive states of the mind of the son of David. This is the theory! Was ever anything of the sort more stupid? Surely its inventor is "no Solomon" for wisdom, whatever he may hereafter be for defection. That the sacred writer was once in grace, and that he fell far and foully from grace received, and that we have no distinct record of his recovery, must be allowed. But that he fell from grace, either totally or finally, is what we cannot believe, for reasons too many to be stated here. But the strangest part of the tale is, that the love-song and the infidel-tract should be inserted in the canonical Scriptures by dictate of Inspiration. And there they have been ever since, edifying the Church of God, in happy unconsciousness of the true nature of these documents, till a man was born, some fifty years

ago, who, by inspiration, or some surer way, has exposed them! A fine compliment to the spiritual discernment of the whole Christian world, which, for thousands of years, has been feeding its piety with love-sick sensuality and godless impiety! It has been supposed that the aid of Inspiration was needed, not to foist such pernicious trash into the records of our faith; but to be our safe deliverance from the taint of impurity and infidelity. This is all that is wanted from Inspiration. The divine who could broach such a long-eared scheme as we are receiving from that corner of Ohio, ought to be decorated with the honorary degree of " Donkey Donkorum from the University of Assford."

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LECTURES ON CHRISTIAN CHARACTER. Some men, not trusting to executors, have their monuments built, and their epitaphs written, long before their own demise. Dr. Bates has prepared his monument in this volume; though it is to be hoped, that it may be many years ere he shall be called to rest beneath it. It is an elegantly printed volume; and a "Christian character" which shall be completed in as good style, will come much nearer to perfection than anything they will ever see at Oberlin. The peculiarity of the book is, that it is almost the only volume, of such size and finish, written by a modern orthodox divine on the subject of morals. In the middle ages, such labors were very common; but in modern times, they have been too much given up to unevangelical high-church-men, and to Unitarian nochurch-men. Dr. Bates presents the subject of morals as it appears from an orthodox stand-point; and his hints on the conscience will be useful to such as have conscience enough to apply them. We perceive that the good Doctor stoutly contends for disinterested benevolence, in the face of a gainsaying world, which, on this point, is rendered unbelieving by its intense selfishness. He will find a brave and generous backer in Schiller, who says, like a fine German Hopkinsian: "I freely confess, that I believe in the reality of a disinterested love. I am lost, if there is no such thing; I give up the Godhead, immortality and virtue. For these hopes I have no proof left me, if I cease to believe in such a love. A spirit which loves itself alone, is a floating atom in infinite empty space!"

THE PAYSON CHURCH.-This is an orthodox church in South Boston, regularly organized; but owing to certain circumstances, very little is known of it. To gratify those who would like to know its condition, we have taken pains to ascertain the following facts. At its organization, in July, 1845, it consisted of fifty-six communicants. In the November following, Mr. Fairchild was installed as pastor. Up to the beginning of this year, fifty-six have been added by letter and profession, thus doubling the number in little more than two years. Of these, thirty-eight are males, and seventy-two are females. Two have been removed by death, and four dismissed to other churches. "Their place of worship," in the language of our informant, who is not connected with it, "capable of seating between three and four hundreds, is so well filled on the Sabbath, that they already begin to feel the necessity of a new meeting-house to accom

modate the increasing number of hearers." The Sabbath School contains above one hundred children.

MEMOIR OF MRS. R. G. WEBSTER. -This is a biography quite out of the ordinary course. The compiler has made a hundred-fold more use of his scissors than of his pen. His responsibility lay chiefly in choosing and refusing the matter afforded by thousands of pages of letters and journals. We have never seen a human soul, in its real working and construction, turned out so nakedly to the public view. But it will bear the close inspection. There is a multitude of things, which, taken separately, the ungodly or the fastidious might turn into ridicule; but no man can read the whole, without wishing in his heart that he were possessed of such a character. It is, indeed, almost repulsive to find youself brought into such complete acquaintance with the "hidden life" of one whom you never saw. You find all the items of courtship, and their connected emotions, and the like private matters, brought out with a startling frankness. But if biography is to be written at all, is it honest to write it in any other way? Is it a life, which leaves out of view, the main things which went to make up that life, in its most constant and absorbing interests? Must the author who would rescue a precious memory from the devouring grave, be “ as the shepherd who taketh out of the mouth of the lion, two legs, or a piece of an ear?" Most biographies are like those stuffed skins, full of straw and stubble, which stiffly present the original as it appeared superficially, and in one posture, and not as it was, at all times. They give us merely men and women in general, and not the particular person, in the life of nature and fact. They are like the speech of the exhibitor of wax statuary, who thus shows you the effigy of Gibbs, the pirate: "This is the identical halter which hanged him. This hair of his head and whiskers was taken from his person after execution. These are the very clothes in which he went to the scaffold. In short, you almost have the man himself before you!" Mr. Stone furnishes no such shams. He has presented the real life of a clergyman's consort, such as it is in the rural parishes of New England. Only it is a life unusually pervaded throughout all its principles and affections, by that fervent piety which delights in practical goodness. But those who would see for themselves the merits of this remarkable book, must trouble Crocker & Brewster for a copy.

MONTHLY RECORD.

Religious Interest. We rejoice to be able to say, that an interest in religion, of very satisfactory character, is pervading many of the churches in this region. From pastors in this city, and around it, we learn that conversions are taking place, and that deep seriousness rests upon the assemblies of the people. None but the usual means of grace have been employed. In some instances, persons under conviction have refused to attend an inquiry-meeting, who have yet sought their pastor at his home. The stillness of the work, the

deepness of conviction, and the marked character of many of the conversions, give hope, that, if the kingdom of heaven comes not with so much of outward demonstration as in some former days, there will be as much of true religion and real increase of strength in the additions made to the churches. This interest seems to be hardly so deep in the church, as among the impenitent, who seem to be pressing into the kingdom of heaven, in a manner which illustrates the sovereignty of God, who can save men, if he will, without the agency of his people.

An Unlucky Proof-Text.-Several petitions for the abolition of capital punishment have been referred by the legislature of Massachusetts to a committee. The petitioners had a hearing a few weeks ago. Among their advocates was Mr. Rantoul, who is so zealous to have the Mexicans capitally punished by wholesale, for some crime against our nation not exactly understood. Though he will not go to be one of the headsmen himself, he literally girds swords on the thighs of such as are willing to act as executioners in his stead. Next to him was Mr. Garrison, who, in his zeal for the abrogation of the death-penalty for murder, asserted that manslaughter was not so great a crime as man-stealing. To prove this, he appealed triumphantly to the Bible, and astonished his hearers by reading the divine command: "He that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death." Now if this passage has enough of divine authority to prove that kidnapping is worse than murder, it must also prove that capital punishment is divinely enjoined in such cases of extreme wickedness. The significant looks of the Committee, and the ill-suppressed mirth which ran round the hall, must have convinced the oratorical gunner, that the recoil of his piece was much more damaging than its discharge.

Great Names.- We have had occasion to notice some attempts to exalt Episcopacy, by parading in the papers the names of distinguished men who have come to its communion-table. As this is, on many accounts, a highly objectional practice, we will notice another instance of it, in the case of the late Chancellor Kent, who has been claimed by an Episcopal paper in New York, as having become a decided Episcopalian by inquiry and conviction. The story, however, is spoiled by Rev. Dr. Stone, a distinguished minister of that church, and son-in-law to the honored chancellor, who has made a public statement to the effect, that the great civilian lived and died a Congregationalist in his principles. We consider the manliness and candor of Dr. Stone, as being far more honorable to his sect, than the fine story he has demolished. His denomination numbers many great and good men; and if it had more like him, it would afford a better reason for conforming to it than any other argument we have seen.

Demise of John Quincy Adams. - This distinguished statesman has met with an enviable end. He has fallen with his armor on, at the post where he has long served his country as a vigilant sentinel of freedom, and where he has nobly fought the fight of liberty. He lived unvanquished, and fell in the arms of victory. He was blessed

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