Imágenes de páginas

and rich,

Of palfied old; and when thou art old | putting on the linen cold; and if [nor beauty the practice was continued of bathThou haft neither heat, affection, limb, ing the whole body in cold water, To make thy riches pleafant. What's from the period of infancy to a state yet in this, [this life That bear'ft the name of life? Yet in of maturity. It is almost inconLie hid more thousand deaths; yet nefs children will attain, when their ceivable to what a degree of hardhabits are all favourable to this end. Yes, if an abfurd and fenfel-fs prudery did not interfere to taint the unfpotted mind, by obtruding on it its own innocents, wholly taken up with their fports, would either not feel, or not regard, the action of the air on their naked bodies; and thus infure a rebut conflitution before that period when decency requires us to conform to the manners of fociety. Do not iniitake me, I do not mean that children fhould not be cloathed; but let their cloathing be thin; never subject them to the trammels them to run about for at least an of stays; and when in health, fuffer hour before you put on their ordinary drefs.

It was formerly the practice to burthen the infant with fhoes and

ftockings the moment its little body

was emancipated from the restraint
It is now,
of fwaddling clonths.
believe, the custom to let them go
without fhoes until they can walk,
and to forbear, for fome time longer,
the ufe of flockings; but as the
proper circulation of the blood muft
in a great meafure depend on the
firm texture of all the vessels in the
extreme parts of the body, I am
apt to think, that the luxury of
fhoes and ftockings, not to make
any mention of carpets, has been of
the most fatal kind. The whole

Hardy Habits beft quired in Infan-
cy, and great Attention unfavour

able to the tender Organs of Chil-train of nervous difcafes, with the

dren. By Mrs. C. M. Grabam.

death we fear,

That makes thefe odds all even."—

If then, to conclude, we find on a review of the past year, that we have omitted fome duties, forgot fome things that are incumbent, it is our business to cherish the remembrance of fuch detects,,that they may not hereafter check our pleafares or make our reflections painful. The present like the former year, will, to many, undoubtedly be the latt It can never, therefore, be unfeasonable to inculcate that virtuous activity is the end of our existence; that it enhances the pleafures of life, renders fociety a comfort, and even the bitter cup of affliction palatable; without it, our pleafures degenerate to profligacy, our friendships are combinations in folly, folitude terrifies into madnefs, and fociety hardens us impenitence. He, therefore, who is continually purposing and refolving, without effort and without inchination, would do well to remember that the time is approaching when he who was thoughtlefs, muft be accountable, and he that confided in diftant profpects of future


ufefulne's will learn that
hour cometh wherein no man can


HE medical treatment of infants is, I believe,. very much the fame in the nurlaries of the opulent throughout the whole kingdom. But we fhould feldom, or perhaps never hear of confump tions, if the custom was adopted of

gout, and other chronic disorders, if they have not taken their rife from this indulgence, muft be greatly aggravated by it; and for this reafon, I would keep my pupil's feet unfbackled, either by fhoes or Bockings, for the first half dozen years of their childhood; nor would I impose

I impofe on them the latter, till they were of an age to be introduced in form into company, when a conformity to the manners of fociety becomes a very neceffary part of conduct. What, fays Hortenfia, are we to give up the ornament of an elegant little foot, for fchemes of ad antage which are perhaps only visionary? What is health


without beauty-that pleafing qua-G drawing-mafter, at the palace

OUPY attended as an affiftant

lity of the fex?


" How

of his late royal highness Frederick
prince of Wales. While he was one
day there, his present majesty, for
fome trifling faux pas, was ordered
to stand behind the chair as a pri
foner. Goupy was commanded to
go on with his drawing;
can I," replied the artist, "make
a drawing worthy the attention of
your royal highnefs, when I fee
the prince ftanding behind your
chair, under your difpleafure?"
"You may return to your feat,
fir,"replied the good-natured prince
of Wales, but remember that
Goupy has releafed you."

As Goupy grew old, he became very poor. At the acceffion of his prefent majefty he was eighty-four.

Soon after that period, walking in a penfive mood and pitcous plight in the Kenlington road, he obferved the royal carriage, and pulled off his hat. The face of the old man caught the king's eye, he ordered the coach to ftop, called the friendlefs artift to the door, and afked him "how he went on, and what he had to live upon?" “Little enough, in truth," replied the old man,

but as I was once fo happy as to take your majelly out of a prifon, I hope you will not fuffer me to go into one." "Indeed I will not," replied the king, until I enquire farther about your fituation, you fhall be paid a guinea a week." This the poor man received a few weeks, at the end of which time he died. OC

know that among our artificial per-
fections, that of a little foot is one
of the most confpicuous? Why
truly, Hortenfia, I am fufficiently
fingular to regard health as one of
the first of human bleffings; and
even on the fubject of beauty, I
confefs to you, that I differ fo much
from the crowd, as to believe, that
if there is fuch a reality in nature as
beauty, it must confiit of symmetry
and proportion. A foot too fmall
for the fize of the body, is, in my
eyes, rather a deformity than a
beauty; it fhows bad nurfing almoft
as much as the rickets; it carries
the imagination to all thofe dif-
agreeable and painful inequalities
which are the attendants on tight
fhoes. And if littlenefs alone, in-
dependent of proportion, conflitutes
the beauty of feet, we can never
pretend to vie with the Chinese,
whilst we preferve the privilege of
walking. Nature, if you do not
retrain her, or turn her out of her
course, is equal to the task both of
fashioning the beauty of the perfon,
and confirming the ftrength of the
conftitution; while every practice
that counteracts her operation, will
be found materially injurious in one
or other, or in both of thefe inte-
refting particulars.

bodily exercifes which are fo necef-
fary to corporal health and strength;
and Fenelon obferves, that you ought
(with great care) to manage
organs of young children, till they
become strengthened by a


mature age.

Both Locke and Rouffeau have very properly infifled on the not entrenching on the freedom of children, by taking up that time in the Laborious task of learning, which nature defigned to be spent in thofe


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Addreed to the LADIES.



HE government of the temper

the most important duties of life.fhort, and pert; of good manners they know little, or, which is precifely the fame thing, they practise little.

And few, I believe, will deny that a good temper is one of the most amiable qualifications-It embelliches every accomplishment-it fmooths the little roughnelles and afperities of life.-It affists the judgment by keeping the passions temperate. It renders beauty more than lovely, and gives to the moft ordinary fet of features a charm which is in vain to be fought for in mere beauty. In folitude it chears and comforts, in fociety it inftructs, delights, and conciliates. I have feen many hundred beautiful women who were disagreeable and not beloved. 1 never knew a good tempered woman that was not beautiful, and admired by every clafs of


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other people, are fond of contradiction, though very impatient of it, if it be offered to them. They feldom have much understanding, for furely that mind cannot be well cultivated that is ignorant of what is fo effential a beauty in the focial difpofition, as the desire to please, and the willingness to be pleated. In

The fulky are the worst companions, not only for others, but for themselves. In retirement it is impoffible they can be happy. Nothing pleases them, or, if it does, they have not the generofity to exprefs their fatisfaction. They difurb company, break up the moft agreeable parties, and fpoil the moft harmiefs amufements. They fee nothing with the fame eyes as VOL. XXII.

The previ are fo nearly allied to the above, that perhaps they night have been claffed together, only the peevish are more talkative and converfable, as the phrafe is, though they are equally void of that temper which tends to make themfelves and others happy. Difcontent appears in every thing they do, and and in every thing done to themfor it is the misfortune of difpofitions like thefe, that they learn to torment others from having first learned to torment themselves. In this refpect they are certainly objects of pity, but objects upon whom pity is feldom beflowed, for it is more in our natures to pity thofe who fuffer from unavoidable miffortunes, than thofe who feem happieft when they are practising the wort of faults, and to whom it appears to be a pain to act, fpeak, and think, with the kindness and complacency that we find in the reft of the world.

The paffionate difpofitions are, however, really objects of pity; for often paffionate perfons are perfectly fenfible of their failing, try all they can to fupprefs it, and fuffer exceedingly when they recollect how much they have difcovered their temper.

"Make no friend

fhip with an angry man," fays Solomon-but this is not to be taken in a literal fenfe, for many perfons who are apt to fly out in immoderate paffions for trifles, are in other reSpecs


fpects the best of man and woman- |
kind. The paffionate thus far differ
from the fulky and the vindictive,
that they vent the whole paffion in
a breath, as if it were a natural dif-
charge which could not be restrain-
ed, and afterwards are the readieft
to make atonement for their un-
guarded expreffions, or afperity of

unwilling afpect, is next to insulting the object of it. To make one an other happy in fociety is furely ar indifpenfible duty, and will be bef performed by those who guard over their tempers, and learn, from the beft examples, how to fweeten the difpofition.

To acquire the temper I am fpeaking of, it is neceffary to banish A paffionate temper, however, is a all bad paffions from the heart; to ferious evil, and although being reprefs envy at the merit, fuccefs, thoroughly fenfible of it, is going or good fortune of others, which is a a great way to cure it, yet nothing high degree of wickedness, and must lefs than a moft fcrupulous and con- produce the very worst effects on the ftant watch over ourselves will ever heart; to reprefs an inclination to enable us to make any progrefs to- calumny, reproach, felf-conceit, and wards the perfect cure. It is, I have a felfish difpofition in general; and always thought, a melancholy thing to cultivate benevolence and kindto fee a perfon of understanding, nefs to all. We shall thus be enperhaps of beauty and accomplish-abled to make a conqueft which is ments, distorted in the features by greater than all the heroes of antia burst of un.meaning paffion, excited quity could boast of- a victory over by a hafty expreffion not worth re- ourfelves.-To gain the afcendency garding, or a mifconceived affront over the bad tempers of others will about a trifle perhaps beneath notice. then be eafy; for our example will And the mischief is, that paffion be irresistible. though excited at first by a trifle, which in moments of coolness would be despised, flies off, takes a range through the brain and memo

To fay that a man "is a good man, but his temper is fo bad there is no bearing of him," is in fact faying, that he is a very ufclefs bery, calls up a thousand circum-ing, and very unfit for the fociety ftances long fince forgotton, or in which he lives. What fignify worthy of being forgot, and the goodness of his actions, or where dwells upon them with all the vio- are the advantages to be derived lence of a fit, if I may fo ex- from his example, if he has driven prefs myfelf, until at length the mankind from him? His actions.

got, and real caufe for anger arifes.

Nothing violent, however, can last long, and the ftorm fubfides fuddenly or gradually, as circumftances are, leaving behind it many unpleafing reflections, much fhame on both fides, and much compunction of heart.

original caufe of the paffion is for-will be unknown; his goodness will be confined to himself, and his example no man will wish to follow. Such a man, indeed, for all the good he may do in fociety, may as well refide on an uninhabited ifland, and

In every refpect, therefore, the cultivation of a good temper, has many adyantages. It is fo effential a part of philanthropy that I cannot fee how a man ought to claim the merit of benevolence without it. Charity given with a fullen air, an

"Wafte his goodness in the
defart air."

Dr. Johnfon has a thought on
temper, which I cannot refiit tran-
fcribing." It fometimes happens,"
fays he, " that too close an attention
to minute exactness, or a too rigor.
ous habit of examining every thing
by the ftandard of perfection, viti


ates the temper rather than improves the understanding, and teaches the mind to discern faults with unhappy penetration. It is incident likewife to men of vigorous img nations, to please themselves too much with futurities, and to fret because those expectations have been difappointed, which fhould never have been formed. Knowlodge and genius are often enemies to quiet, by fuggefting ideas of excellence, which men and the performances of men cannot attain. But let no man rafhly determine that his unwillingness to be pleafed is a proof of understanding, unless his fuperiority appears from lefs doubtful evidence; for though peevishness may fometimes juftly boat its defcent from learning or wit, it is much oftener of base extraction, the child of vanity and nurfling of ignorance."


Another author has a quotation exactly to my purpofe, and confirms what is faid above of the progrefs of paffion. "How many, for the fake of venting their paffion, when they have been angry, have given their tongues a liberty to run on, till they have talked themfelves into the height of paffion, thus as it were fanning the flame with their own breath: which fhews Cicero's advice to his brother, a man of a paffionate temper, was very good:

That as much as poffible he fhould keep filence when provoked, that he might not further incenfe himfelf by his own words." And there is the fame reason why we should watch the beginnings of other pasfions; for the paffions, not reftrained, chafe themfelves, and, like the wheels of a chariot, take fire by the rapidity of their own motion."

There are feveral other remarks I had to offer my fair readers on the beauty of temper, which I fhall defer to another occafion, left, by the leagth of my paper, I put their pa tience to the left.




Sketch of the Character of

COUNT CAGLIOSTRO, By the late Mr. FERBER, Profeffor of Mineralogy, &c. Translated from the Berlin Magazine, of Gedike and Biefer, of O.ber, 1790.

CAGLIOSTRO at Mittau, (Mittaw).


As this extraordinary character has, for fome time past, made himself famous, throughout Europe, for actions and powers (if real) the moft extraordinary, which he declares himfelf in poffeffion of, and is believed and afferted by his followers to be; viz. the power of raifing the dead, and of calling up, and converfing with fpirits; of feeing into futurity; of the tranfmutation of any metal into gold; of making real pearls; of enlarging diamonds and other precious ftones; and of poffeffing a fecret and unbounded influence and power over the human mind, &c. As the strange relations of his having actually performed all thefe aftonishing actions, in many inftances, have made much noife in the higher ranks of life, and efpecially amongst the ladies, in moft of the polifhed courts of Europe. WE, ever defirous of affording to the public, particu larly the fair-fex, that juft information, inftruction, and intelligence fo beneficial to mankind, by which the clouds of deception and mist of impofition is entirely difperfed, have, at confiderable trouble and expence, procured a full and perfect account of this celebrated impofler, with a complete detection of his doplicity and various impofitions. C 2


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