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present day America has breathed the spirit of the pioneer. To us "all things are possible." All men, regardless of birth, are human; all are divine. The spirit of idealism rests like a sunrise glow over the whole land. The very air we breathe is that of opportunity and democracy. The public school makes intelligence common property. Newspaper and magazine are brought to the very doors of every man. Public opinion is shaped by the thought and the ideals of the common man; we feel the moral judgment of the man in the sod hut on the prairie, the miner in his mountain cabin, and the tenement dweller of the great city as well as that of the college professor, the lawyer, and the captain of industry. There is something inherent in our life that binds us together ultimately into one great national whole. The process is often slow and uncertain, however, and it has been left too much to chance. Even the sons and daughters of the old Colonial stock have not always become conscious of the fundamental principles which differentiate a democratic social order from one which is autocratic in principle. We need as never before in home, church, and school to make sure that the rising generation gets a correct impression of the real American Spirit. It is hoped that this volume may be found useful in this task.
The editors and publishers wish to express their appreciation of courteous permission received from publishers, authors, and others for use of selections as follows:
THE ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE, United States War Department, for "Flag Etiquette," by General H. P. McCain.
THE ATLANTIC MONTHLY COMPANY and the author for "Western Idealism and "The Influence of the West upon Democracy," by Frederick Jackson Turner.
EMILY GREENE BALCH for the translation of "Ode to Columbia,” by Hurban Vajansky.
BARSE AND HOPKINS, New York, for "Carry On!" by Robert W. Service.
THE BOBBS-MERRILL COMPANY, Indianapolis, for “Our Kind of a Man" and "The Name of Old Glory," by James Whitcomb Riley; "A Song for Flag Day," by Wilbur Dick Nesbit; and "One Country," by Frank L. Stanton.
THE CENTURY COMPANY, New York, for "The Character of Washington," by Henry Cabot Lodge, and "The Loyalty of the Foreign Born," by M. E. Ravage.
The Christian Work, New York, for editorial on "The Higher Patriotism."
THOMAS Y. CROWELL COMPANY, New York, for "General Grant's Greatest Victory," by Elbridge S. Brooks, and “America the Beautiful," by Katharine Lee Bates.
M. A. DONAHUE & Co., Chicago, for "Aristokrats," by Josh Billings.
THE DRESDEN PUBLISHING COMPANY, New York, for "Abraham Lincoln," by R. G. Ingersoll.
JOHN H. FINLEY for address on "The Thirtieth Man."
SAMUEL GOMPERS for "Labor and Democracy" and "The Prussian Menace," from Declarations of the American Federation of Labor.
HARPER & BROTHERS, New York, for "Wheeler at Santiago," by Henry Cabot Lodge, and "The American Republic" and "The Moral Quality in Patriotism," by George William Curtis.
HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS, Cambridge, Massachusetts, for “Our Pan-American Policy," by Elihu Root.
ARCHBISHOP JOHN IRELAND for address on "The Duty and Value of Patriotism."
OTTO H. KAHN for "America's Cause and the Foreign-Born Citizen" and "The Poison Growth of Prussianism."
FRANKLIN KNIGHT LANE for address on "The Makers of the Flag."
LITTLE, BROWN & Co., Boston, for poem "Columbus," by Edward Everett Hale.
THE MCCLURE COMPANY, New York, for "The Foreigner in a Democracy," by Carl Schurz.
DAVID MCKAY, Philadelphia, for "O Captain! My Captain!" by Walt Whitman.
THE MACMILLAN COMPANY, New York, for "Lincoln's Sympathy," by Ida M. Tarbell, and "The Making of an American,” by Jacob Riis.
HARRIET MONROE for poem on "Democracy."
The New York Sun for "Cub Sawbones," by Sydney Reid, and "Wheeler at Santiago," by James Lindsay Gordon.
G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS, New York, for "America First," by Theodore Roosevelt, and "When the Great Gray Ships Come In," by Guy Wetmore Carryl.
FLEMING H. REVELL COMPANY, New York, for "From Alien to Citizen" and "Confessing the Hyphen," by Edward A. Steiner.
THEODORE ROOSEVELT for "Americanism," "America First," and "With Firmness in the Right."
THE ROYCROFT PRESS for "A Message to Garcia," by Elbert Hubbard.
CARL L. SCHURZ for "The Foreigner in a Democracy," by Carl Schurz.
CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS, New York, for "The Founding of Jamestown," by Thomas Nelson Page; "Martial Valor in Times of Peace," by John Grier Hibben; and "America for Me," by Henry van Dyke.
EDWIN DU BOIS SHURTER for "The Homes of the People," by Henry W. Grady.
HENRY D. SLEEPER for "When the Great Gray Ships Come In," by Guy Wetmore Carryl.
HARR WAGNER PUBLISHING COMPANY, San Francisco, for poems "Columbus" and "The Exodus for Oregon," by Joaquin Miller.
HENRY WATTERSON for address on "How 'The Star-Spangled Banner' Was Written."
The selections from John Fiske, James Russell Lowell, John Greenleaf Whittier, Richard Watson Gilder, Henry Cabot Lodge (on page 86), Ralph Waldo Emerson, John Hay, Edmund Clarence Stedman, Abraham Mitrie Rihbany, and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow are used by permission of and by special arrangement with HOUGHTON MIFFLIN COMPANY, Boston, authorized publishers of their works.