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1. "And the Snow Queen had said:

"If you can find out this figure, you shall be your own master, and I will give you the whole world and a new pair of skates.” ”

"The Snow Queen had said that if he found them out, he should be his own master, and she would give him the whole world and a new pair of skates."

The Snow Queen.

2. "Now Cræsus gave commandment to the Lydians

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that they should inquire of the oracles whether or no he should make war against the Persians, and whether he should seek to gain for himself any allies that should help him."

"They inquired of the oracles, saying, 'Croesus, King of the Lydians, and of other nations, holding these to be the only truth-speaking oracles that are among men, sendeth to you gifts that are worthy of your wisdom, and would now inquire of you whether he shall make war against the Persians, and also in what nations he shall seek for allies for himself."

Stories of the East from Herodotus. 3. Malvolio. "Madam, yond young fellow swears he Twelfth Night, I. 5. Determination expressed by speaker in original speech, "I will speak."

will speak with you."

4. "Little did I dream that I should have lived to see such disasters fallen upon her in a nation of gallant men."

EDMUND BURKE, Reflections on the Revolution in France.

Simple futurity in original thought of the speaker, "I shall not have lived," etc.

5. "Then Schwartz was quite pleased and said he [Gluck] should have some of the gold of the river. But Gluck only begged he would go to see what had become of Hans." The King of the Golden River. Promise expressed in original speech, "You shall have." Favour asked in original speech, "Will you

not go?"

6. "O mother, dear mother,' cried Ernest, clapping his hands above his head, 'I do hope that I shall live to see him!""

7. "It is true, Ernest had imagined that this longedfor personage would appear in the character of a man of peace, uttering wisdom, and doing good, and making people happy."

The Great Stone Face.

Notice (Ex. 6, Ex. 7) that the clauses dependent upon such verbs as believe, feel, hope, imagine, think, are considered clauses of indirect discourse.



SHALL AND WILL (Continued).


Explain the use of "shall" and "will," "should" and would," in the following passages :—

1. "I will not stop to ask if this mode of addressing me be according to my brother's directions, or thine own

1 Notice here the auxiliary of the future tense thrown into the past form after "said," "begged," "had imagined," verbs in the past.

insolent pleasure. If circumstances have, as thou sayest, deprived my niece of her natural protector, I will be to her as a father, nor shall she want aught which I have to give her. The lands of Geierstein are forfeited to the state, the castle is ruinous, as thou seest. . . . But where I dwell Anne of Geierstein shall dwell, as my children fare she shall fare, and she shall be to me as a daughter." SCOTT, Anne of Geierstein.

2. "It were shame to me to live if thou diest. I sailed with thee and will die with thee. For otherwise men will account lightly of me, thinking that I betrayed thee or basely slew thee, that I might have thy kingdom, marrying thy sister, who shall inherit it in thy stead. Not so: I will die with thee, and my body shall be burnt together with thine." Iphigenia among the Taurians.

3. "And Pylades swore to him that he would build him a tomb, and be a true husband to his sister." Ibid.

4. "After this, Iphigenia came forth, holding a tablet in her hand. And she said, 'Here is the tablet of which I spake. But I fear lest he to whom I shall give it shall haply take no account of it when he is returned to the land.""


5. "And Orestes consented, saying that she also should bind herself with an oath that she would deliver one of the two from death. So she sware by Artemis that she would persuade the king and deliver Pylades from death. And Pylades swore on his part by Zeus, the father of heaven, that he would give the tablet to those whom it should concern."


6. "When the golden Indian on the Province House


shall shoot his arrow, and when the cock on the old South spire shall crow, then look for a royal governor again." Legends of the Province House.

7. "To-morrow,' answered the weird woman, ‘I will lead you out of this cavern and show you the road which you shall take. Follow it until you reach the seashore and a little inn, where you will meet the dwarf Brunello. You will readily know him, for an uglier little being never called himself a man.'" The Story of Roland.

8. "And how long shall this fearful payment of tribute continue?' asked the king. And the oracle answered, 'Until a hero shall come to Ebuda's shores brave enough and strong enough to slay the orc. Then, and not till then, will Proteus withdraw the curse which he has laid upon you, and leave your people in peace."


9. "But he said, 'I go: yet promise me one thing ere I go; that if I slay this beast you will be my wife.'"

The Greek Heroes, Perseus.

10. "The people prayed for the coming of the hero who should deliver their loved ones from this dreadful doom." The Story of Roland.

11. "I will be what you wish me to be,' I replied with eagerness, 'you have but to choose my path, and you shall see me pursue it with energy, were it only because you command me.'" Redgauntlet.

12. "They would now and then, to be sure, get a little warm in argument."

The Sketch-Book.

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SHALL AND WILL (Continued).


Explain the use of "shall" and "will," "should" and "would," in the following passages:

1. "Never, never!' said the pertinacious old dame. 'Here will I abide; and King George shall still have one true subject in his disloyal province.'

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Legends of the Province House.

2. "Now what shall I say to my wife? For that she is rightly come to the marriage of her daughter who can deny? But what will she say when she knoweth my purpose? And of the maiden what shall I say? Unhappy maiden, whose bridegroom shall be death! For she will cry to me, 'Wilt thou kill me, my father?'" Stories from the Greek Tragedies, Iphigenia in Aulis. 3. "For I love thee well when I see how noble thou art. And if thou wilt, I will carry thee away to my home. And I doubt not, that I shall save thee, though all the men of Greece be against me."


4. "But the maiden answered, 'What I say I say with full purpose. Nor will I that any man should die for me, but rather will I save this land of Greece.'"


5. "Washington then went on to say that he would do his best, and refused all pay for his services, asking only that Congress should pay his expenses, of which he would keep an exact account."

H. A. GUERBER, The Story of the Thirteen Colonies. 6. "To-morrow you shall go out in your new clothes,'

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