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EXAMPLES.

"Thus within the actual boundaries of the Holy Empire were included only districts coming under the first and second of the above classes; i.e. Germany, the northern half of Italy, and the Kingdom of Burgundy or Arles — that is to say, Provence, Dauphiné, the Free County of Burgundy, and western Switzerland."

"It appeared that the word 'Spenser,' which to you or me, reader, in a conversation upon poetry, too, would naturally have called up the idea of an old poet in a ruff, . . . did in the mind of my young friend, excite a very different and quite modern idea; namely, that of the young William Spencer."

"Nations are governed by the same methods, and on the same principles, by which an individual without authority is often able to govern those who are his equals or his superiors; by a knowledge of their temper, and by a judicious management of it.”

LESSON XLVI

EXERCISE.

Punctuate the following passages:

1. There was gold hearts gold in that blessed kiss gold in the north gold in the south gold in the morning hour See thats my little story said the Buttercup

2. The French held their possessions in America chiefly by means of forts and trading posts the English by means of farms and towns

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3. And I must suppose the old man thought so too and was either touched or amused by the performance for he took me in his arms with most unwonted tenderness and kissed me and gave me a little kindly sermon

4. George the Third has nothing to do with literature his accession marks no epoch in our civilisation or in our literature such as is marked by the Conquest or by the reign of Elizabeth

5. The sparrow twittered about the thatched eaves and budding hedges the robin threw a livelier note into his late querulous wintry strain and the lark springing up from the reeking bosom of the meadow towered away into the bright fleecy cloud pouring forth torrents of melody

6. A very few years since I knew familiarly a lady who had been asked in marriage by Horace Walpole who had been patted on the head by George I This lady had knocked at Dr Johnsons door had been intimate with Fox the beautiful Georgina of Devonshire and that brilliant Whig society of the reign of George III had known the Duchess of Queensberry the patroness of Gay and Prior the admired young beauty of the court of Queen Anne I often thought as I took my kind old friends hand how with it I held on to the old society of wits and men of the world

7. Description was the principal field of my exercise for to any one with senses there is always something worth describing and town and country are but one continuous subject But I worked in other ways also often accompanied my walks with dramatic dialogues in which

I played many parts and often exercised myself in writing down conversations from memory

8. My Lord Count when I require advice of you I will ask it when I demand assistance of you it will be time enough to grant or refuse it when I set peculiar value on your opinion of me it will not be too late to express it

very large

9. Not a sound not a sail upon the sea the ness of the view increased the sense of solitude

10. And thither came Telamon and Oileus, the fathers of the two Aiantes who fought upon the plains of Troy and Mopsus the wise soothsayer, who knew the speech of birds. . . and Argus the famed shipbuilder and many a hero more in helmets of brass and gold with tall dyed horse-hair crests and embroidered shirts of linen beneath their coats of mail and greaves of polished tin to guard their knees in fight with each man his shield upon his shoulder of many a fold of tough bulls hide and his sword of tempered bronze in his silver-studded belt and in his right hand a pair of lances of the heavy white ash-staves

11. On the Sabbaths of olden times the summons of the bell was obeyed by a picturesque and varied throng stately gentlemen in purple velvet coats embroidered waistcoats white wigs and gold-laced hats stepping with grave courtesy beside ladies in flowered satin gowns and hoop petticoats of majestic circumference while behind followed a liveried slave or bondsman bearing the psalmbook and a stove for his mistresss feet

12. The sea is calm to-night

The tide is full the moon lies fair

Upon the Straits on the French coast the light
Gleams and is gone the cliffs of England stand

Glimmering and vast out in the tranquil bay

13. The road got into more barren heights by the midday Once or twice we had to wait for horses and we were still twenty miles from Schaffhausen at sunset it was past midnight when we reached her closed gates The disturbed porter had the grace to open them — not quite wide enough - we carried away one of our lamps in collision with the slanting bar as we drove through the arch

14. At this hearing I was seized with both fear and anger at these treacherous greedy bloody men that I sailed with My first mind was to run away my second was bolder

15. When Taillefer rode into battle at Hastings singing songs of Roland and Charlemagne he sang more than the triumph of the Norman over the English he sang the victory for a time of French romance over Old English poetry

16. By the Navy list for April I see that I shall be as nearly as possible in the middle of those of my own rank ie I shall have about one hundred and fifty above and as many below me

17. If my present anticipations turn out to be correct this paper will achieve one of the great ends of physiology and anatomy viz the reduction of two or three apparently widely separated and incongruous groups into modifications of the single type

LESSON XLVII.

PUNCTUATION (Continued).

VIII. THE COLON.

1. The colon as well as the semicolon may be used between independent clauses to indicate difference or contrast, repetition or explanation, consequence or result; it may be used also to separate clauses subdivided by semicolons.

EXAMPLES.

"Our friend's letter may be delightful, or necessary to-day whether worth keeping or not is to be considered."

:

"There was a rustling that seemed like a bustling

Of merry crowds jostling and pitching and hustling; Small feet were pattering, wooden shoes clattering; Little hands clapping, and little tongues chattering; And, like fowls in a farm-yard when barley is scattering,

Out came the children running:

All the little boys and girls,

With rosy cheeks and flaxen curls,

And sparkling eyes and teeth like pearls,

Tripping and skipping ran merrily after

The wonderful music with shouting and laughter."

"We children admired him: partly for his beautiful face and silver hair, for none more than children are concerned for beauty and, above all, for beauty in the old; partly for the solemn light in which we beheld him once a week, the observed of all observers, in the pulpit."

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