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by "He spoke as follows," or some other such formal expression. For examples of the punctuation before speeches and quotations refer to Rule VIII. 3.

EXERCISE.

Punctuate the following passages:

1. In a former volume of this edition of the Waverley Novels Guy Mannering the reader will find some remarks on the Gypsies as they are found in Scotland

2. I thank you young Master Squire Archer I thank

you

3. The angry passages which had occurred betwixt them were nothing in his remembrance when weighed against the kindness which received him when an exile from France and under the displeasure of the King his father He spoke of the good Duke of Burgundy as Philip the father of Duke Charles was currently called and remembered a thousand instances of his paternal kindness

4. I remember the words you mean fair cousin I think they were that I poor wanderer had nothing to offer

5. Come hither Harry: sit thou by my bed And hear I think the very latest counsel

That ever I shall breathe

6. The Duke paused a moment and looked full at his councillor ... Prudence however prevailed over fury He saw the sentiment was general in his council was afraid of the advantages which Louis might derive

from seeing dissension among his vassals and probably for he was rather of a coarse and violent than of a malignant temper felt ashamed of his own dishonourable proposal

7. I will lay odds that ere this year expire

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We bear our civil swords and native fire

As far as France I heard a bird so sing

Whose music to my thinking pleased the king
Come will you hence?

8. My Lord Duke this must be better thought on We your faithful vassals cannot suffer such a dishonour to the nobility and chivalry of Burgundy

9. A friend of mine a Welsh blacksmith was twentyfive years old and could neither read nor write when he heard a chapter of Robinson read aloud in a farm kitchen Up to that moment he had sat content huddled in his ignorance but he left that farm another man There were day-dreams it appeared divine day-dreams written and printed and bound and to be bought for money and enjoyed at pleasure Down he sat that day painfully learned to read Welsh and returned to borrow the book It had been lost nor could he find another copy but one that was in English Down he sat once more learned English and at length and with entire delight read Robinson

10. The eldest and most remarkable of these men in dress and appearance resembled the merchant or shopkeeper of the period

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The expression of this mans face was partly attractive and partly forbidding His strong features sunk cheeks

and hollow eyes had nevertheless an expression of shrewdness and humour congenial to the character of the young adventurer But then those same sunken eyes from under the shroud of thick black eyebrows had something in them that was at once commanding and sinister

11. I who have no cause for observing such delicacy nay whose condition permits me not to do so crave leave to speak more precisely

12. The time had now arrived for him to be sent to the University and accordingly on the 11th June 1747 when sixteen years of age he entered Trinity College Dublin; but his father was no longer able to place him there as a pensioner as he had done his eldest son Henry he was obliged therefore to enter him as a sizar or poor scholar He was lodged in one of the top rooms adjoining the library of the building numbered 35 where it is said his name may still be seen scratched by himself upon a window pane

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Listen where thou art sitting

Under the glassy cool translucent wave

14. Ay sir said the Fool as they went towards the castle you do well

Nay that you can guess better than I said the jester.

15. Round the biographer of Mary as of Charles the blended streams of whose lives cannot be divided into two distinct currents there gathers a throng of faces radiant immortal faces some many homely every-day faces a few almost grotesque - - whom he can no more shut out of his pages if he would give a faithful picture

of life and character than Charles or Mary could have shut their humanity-loving hearts against them First comes Coleridge earliest and best beloved friend of all to whom Mary was 66 a most dear hearts sister" Wordsworth and his sister Dorothy Southey Hazlitt who quarrel with whom he might could not effectually quarrel with the Lambs his wife also without whom Mary would have been a comparatively silent figure to us a presence rather than a voice

16. There is then I repeat and as I want to leave this idea with you I begin with it and shall end with it only one pure kind of kingship.

17. Let us have a line or two of Shakespeares verse before us. Yes there indeed is the verse of Shake

speare the verse of the highest English poetry

18. England and Scotland differ indeed in law in history in religion in education and in the very look of nature and mens faces not always widely but always trenchantly Many particulars that struck Mr Grant White a Yankee struck me a Scot no less forcibly

19. Of him beyond the fact that he was a most injured prince and once I think abducted I know nothing

20. Yes there was pleasure in the painting But when all was painted it is needless to deny it all was spoiled You might indeed set up a scene or two to look at; but to cut the figures out was simple sacrilege; nor could any child twice court the tedium the worry and the longdrawn disenchantment of an actual performance Two days after the purchase the honey had been sucked

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LESSON XLIV.

PUNCTUATION (Continued).

V. THE INTERROGATION POINT.

The interrogation point should be used after interrogative words and phrases, and should close every sentence in the form of a direct question, unless these words, phrases, or sentences are used in exclamation.1

EXAMPLES.

Essex. "Where are thy friends? Are they with thee?" Spenser. "Ah, where, indeed!"

"Is thy news good or bad? Answer to that."

"May I see you paint?" asked the boy. "May I see you put the picture upon this white canvas?"

VI. THE EXCLAMATION POINT.

The exclamation point should close every exclamatory phrase, clause, or sentence. It should be put after an interjection, or any other part of speech used in exclamation, unless this occurs in a phrase or clause closed by an exclamation point, in which case the interjection is followed by a comma.

EXAMPLES.

"Ah! these are idle thoughts, vain wanderings, distempered dreams."

"Hark! who lies in the second chamber?"

1 When either the interrogation point or the exclamation point replaces a period and so closes a sentence, the sentence that follows should begin with a capital.

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