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"Between" is used in referring to two persons or things; "among," in referring to more than two.



1. ". . . This brawl to-day,

Grown to this faction in the Temple-garden,
Shall send between the red rose and the white
A thousand souls to death and deadly night."

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE, "King Henry the Sixth."2

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1 Avoid the use of "between" with an object modified by either of the indefinite adjectives, "each or "every." For instance, do not write, "between each scene," "between every scene"; write, "between the scenes," or "between every two scenes."

2 Written "King Henry VI." as well. Notice that there is a period after the Roman numeral.

2. "Though they have but a single eye among the three, it is as sharp-sighted as half-a-dozen common NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE, “A Wonder-Book,


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A bow-shot from her bower-eaves

He rode between the barley-sheaves."

ALFRED TENNYSON, "The Lady of Shalott."

4. "Throughout this war between the king and nobles on one side and the people of England on the other, there was a famous leader, who did more toward the ruin of royal authority than all the rest.”

HAWTHORNE, "Biographical Stories, Oliver Cromwell."

Notice that in this passage "between" is used in referring to two groups: one made up of "the king and nobles"; the other, of "the people of England."

5. "Only one among all the folk in the castle knew who the hero was who had ridden thus boldly into the heart of Burgundy-land. That one was Hagen, uncle of the three kings, and the doughtiest warrior in all Rhineland." JAMES BALDWIN, "The Story of Siegfried."1

1 Made up from the stories of Siegfried in the "Elder Edda," the "Younger Edda," and the " Volsunga Saga," and in the old German poem, the "Nibelungen Lied,"


Every line of poetry should begin with a capital letter. Every word in a title, except articles, prepositions, and conjunctions, should begin with a capital letter. Notice the titles above.

A period should close every declarative sentence.

Quotation marks should be used at the beginning and end of every quoted passage. Quotation marks should be used, too, around the title of the work from which each passage has been taken.1

Dotted lines (Ex. 1, Ex. 3) show that part of a quotation is omitted.

There should be a comma between the name of the author and the title; the above references might have been written, William Shakespeare's "King Henry the Sixth," Nathaniel Hawthorne's "Wonder-Book," and the comma here replaces the sign of the possessive which has been omitted. There should usually be a comma in place of any word or words understood in a sentence; so in the second part of the rule for the use of "among" and 66 between," ," there is a comma before "in referring to," to replace the missing words "is used." See Rules for Punctuation, IV. 1, Lesson XL.

The possessive case of a word in the singular is formed by the addition of an apostrophe and the letter "s"; see above, "Gorgon's" (Ex. 2). This rule should be followed even when the singular form ends in “s.”

Just as the comma is used in place of a word or of words understood in a sentence, so an apostrophe should

1 A title may be printed in italics instead of with quotation marks, as in the lessons that follow. What is printed in italics should be underlined in writing.

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