The Case for the Factory Acts

Portada
G. Richards, 1902 - 233 páginas

Dentro del libro

Páginas seleccionadas

Otras ediciones - Ver todas

Términos y frases comunes

Pasajes populares

Página 20 - Committee emphatically declared, to 'earnings barely sufficient to sustain existence ; hours of labour such as to make the lives of the workers periods of almost ceaseless toil; sanitary conditions injurious to the health of the persons employed and dangerous to the public'.
Página 9 - ... sooner or later, slow starvation forces him to come to terms. And since success in the higgling of the market is largely determined by the relative eagerness of the parties to come to terms — especially if this eagerness cannot be hidden — it is now agreed, even on this ground alone, " that manual labourers as a class are at a disadvantage in bargaining...
Página 55 - We employers owe more than, as a body, we are inclined to admit, to the improvements in our methods of manufacture due to the firmness and independence of trade combinations. Our industrial steadiness and enterprise are the envy of the world. The energy and pertinacity of Trade Unions have caused Acts of Parliament to be passed which would not otherwise have been promoted by employers or politicians, all of which have tended to improve British commerce.
Página 4 - The right of every man to employ the capital he inherits, or has acquired, according to his own discretion, without molestation or obstruction, so long as he does not infringe on the rights or property of others, is one of those privileges which the free and happy constitution of this country has long accustomed every Briton to consider as his birthright...
Página 22 - ... which it does not pay for. If the workers thus used up were horses — as, for instance, on an urban tramway — the employers would have to provide, in addition to the daily modicum of food, shelter, and rest, the whole cost of breeding and training the successive relays necessary to keep up their establishments. In the case of free human beings, who are not purchased by the employer, this capital value of the new generation of workers is placed gratuitously at his disposal, on payment merely...
Página 76 - Apparently in consequence of this report the magistrates resolved that in future they would not allow "indentures of Parish Apprentices whereby they shall be bound to owners of cotton mills and other works in which children are obliged to work in the night, or more than ten hours in the day.
Página 24 - ... subsistence wage to the young people does not prevent the trade from being economically parasitic. The employer of adult women is in the same case, where, as is usual, he pays them a wage insufficient to keep them in full efficiency, irrespective of what they receive from their parents, husbands, or lovers. In all these instances the efficiency of the services rendered by the young persons or women is being kept up out of the earnings of some other class. These trades are therefore as clearly...
Página 20 - earnings barely sufficient to sustain existence ; hours of labour such as to make the lives of the workers periods of almost ceaseless toil, hard and unlovely to the last degree ; sanitary conditions injurious to the health of the persons employed, and dangerous to the public.
Página 9 - The art of bargaining," says Jevons, " mainly consists in the buyer ascertaining the lowest price at which the seller is willing to part with his object, without disclosing, if possible, the highest price which he. the buyer, is willing to give. . . . The power of reading another man's thoughts is of high Importance in...
Página 5 - These evils can hardly be exaggerated. The earnings of the lowest class of workers are barely sufficient to sustain existence. The hours of labor are such as to make the lives of the workers periods of almost ceaseless toil, hard and unlovely to the last degree. The sanitary conditions under which the work is conducted are not only injurious to the health of the persons employed, but are dangerous to the public...

Información bibliográfica