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8. Large Space Antennas (LSA). This could be accomplished in the 1981-82 time frame even before the establishment of complete NEOMSS and SMF. SSPS's will require LSA. However, these LSA could be used for terrestrial communications purposes in the early 1980's for potentially profitmaking enterprises thus illustrating that large space operations can be of commercial value at an early period of the accelerated NASA program.
9. Large Orbiting Mirrors (LOM's). A series of increasingly bigger LOM's would be constructed between 1982 and 1989 in order to reflect sunlight to the earth for such purposes as illumination and enhancement of agricultural production. Although the early LOM's would only be demonstration models, the later ones could be for profit-making commercial operations. Funding in the 1990 to 2001 period would be further increased to whatever level is necessary to allow full scale commercial operation of spacebased energy sources by the end of this century.
B'nai B'rith has considered other aspects of space industrialization. For example, there is evidence that this nation could be facing severe raw materials shortages in the not-too distant future. Even stringent recycling programs with an intensive use of energy could not fully recover any particular material. Hence, if demand keeps increasing for any particular material, such as nickel, the gap etween supply and demand would continually increase. The ARM project in the B'nai B'rith list for NASA could also be used to determine the feasibility of utilizing appropriate asteroids to fully supply this country with critically needed materials by the end of this century without the necessity for environmental concerns as would have to be considered in the case of ocean mining. In addition, for many materials, the supply available from non-terrestrial sources is much greater than could be obtained from the oceans of this world.
The Energy Committee has also been thinking further ahead. It appears, barring any radical breakthrough in physics, that thermal pollution will impose a definite limitation on the use of energy in the environment of this planet. The only feasible means of getting around this difficulty is to eventually locate most industry in a non-terrestrial environment.
All of the above considerations lead B'nai B'rith to strongly support House Concurrent Resolutions 451 and 447 with their request for an assessment "of developing as a national goal for the year 2000 the first manned structures in space for the conversion of solar energy and other extraterrestrial resources to the peaceable and practical use of human beings everywhere." It is with a firm belief that this assessment will shortly give a very positive result that the B'nai B'rith Energy Committee of Maryland urges the aforementioned immediate, sharp and continuously sustained increase in the NASA budget.
House Committee on Science and Technology
Hearing on Future Space Programs
January 24-26, 1978
Testimony of William A. Good, pilot for Braniff International
I appreciate this opportunity to present my own personal views regarding future commercial space programs. These ideas have been strongly influenced by my studies towards a PhD in international business at New York University, as well as by the recently concluded NASA pilot astronaut selection process in which I was an unsuccessful applicant.
Within three years the world hopes to see the beginning of the commercial phase of the Space Shuttle program and the birth of a commercial space transportation system. There is presently an urgent need for enlightened legislation and regulation to force the growth of an integrated air/space transportation system entirely within the private sector. In 1978 the Congress basically has two options with regard to transportation:
Fragmented regulatory misconception which fails to
Stable and integrated regulatory guidance which pro-
The airline industry has been so busy dealing with the effects of government-induced uncertainties that it is allowing itself to slip into a "no growth" mode by not insisting on a greater role in the development of the space transportation system at this important phase. The current NASA attitude is to maintain control of the space transportation system indefinitely. Congress needs to act now to support private enterprise in air/space transportation.
AIR LINE PILOTS ASSOCIATION
26TH EXECUTIVE BOARD MEETING
Support of ALPA members applying for pilot astronaut positions on the NASA Space Shuttle (Space Transportation System)
SOURCE OF AGENDA ITEM
C. H. Lewis, Jr., BNF MEC Chairman
RESOLUTION OF EXECUTIVE BOARD
WHEREAS the NASA Space Shuttle is of extreme technological importance for future international transportation, communications, and economics, and
WHEREAS the NASA Space Transportation System User Handbook states that "Commercial activities of a domestic and international nature will be prevalent. The commercial utilization of space is being encouraged..."
WHEREAS industry leaders have recognized the importance of balancing the constraints of the laws of physics and the environment with the proper inputs of economic incentives, technological capabilities, and capital resources, and
WHEREAS at least one highly qualified ALPA member has applied to NASA for the position of pilot astronaut on the Space Shuttle, and
WHEREAS it is in the best interest of ALPA and the airline industry to support a leave of absence with accruing seniority for such highly qualified and motivated pilot astronaut applicants, and
WHEREAS there is no reason to place artificial restrictions on the involvement of the airline industry in advanced transportation systems once they are economically viable,
THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the President of the Association is directed to pursue all avenues necessary to support ALPA members who are highly qualified to participate in the NASA Space Shuttle Program as pilot astronauts, and
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the President work with both NASA and ATA to insure continued airline industry growth within the entire terrestrial environment without artificial altitude and/or speed constraints, and
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that this resolution, as well as any future NASA/ATA/ALPA collaborative commercial agreements which may result in the not so distant future, be published in the Air Line Pilot magazine so as to increase ALPA membership awareness of the career implications of developing technology.
PAPER SUBMITTED BY MR. ROLLIN W. GILLESPIE
Chairman Olin Teague
Hause Science & Technology
13 January 1978
Space Science and Applications Sub-Committee
House Office Building
It has come to my attention that your committee is asking for suggestions for a long-range national space program. (House Resolution 451, 15 Dec: 1977, 95th Congress, 1st Session).I am enclosing a work-sheet description of such a program.
I should inform you that I prepared the draft while I was still employed in NASA Headquarters, and that when I was ordered to suppress the document I retired, age 60, in 1969, CS Grade 16-7. I also at the same time prepared and circulated 100 copies of the document throughout NASA and among non-governmental workers all over the country.
It will be apparent to you that the document is not a finished workindeed it only professes to be a beginning step in the preparation of a finished plan.
I call your particular attention to three items:
(1) The plan is to use a small stable of standardized, reusable launch rockets for all missions.
(2) The plan calls for a small initial rate of expenditure, and a continued operation over a long enough period to amortize the initial investment over many missions.
(3) Instead of defining missions around some measurement or experiment, missions are defined in operational terms, as defined by trajectory mechanics requirements and propulsion capabilities. As you will see there are some 100 missions thus defined, and all of them require the use of the same standardized vehicles.
I trust the document will be of some use to you.
Rollin W. Gillespie