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LATIN - continued
5. Virgil (Aeneid, II, III, and VI) and Sight Translation of Poetry 6. Advanced Prose Composition .
P. Sight Translation of Prose
2. Sight Translation of Poetry Comprehensive
A. Elementary Algebra Complete
A2. Quadratics and Beyond
C. Plane Geometry
D. Solid Geometry
CD. Plane and Solid Geometry
E. Trigonometry (Plane and Spherical)
F. Plane Trigonometry .
Friday, June 24
9 a.m. Two hours
Answer two questions from each group and four additional questions which may be selected from any of the groups. Number each answer to correspond with the question selected.
1. Describe the structure of some alga, giving all the details you can.
2. (a) Describe, with diagrams, the structure and reproduction of a mold. (b) How does it affect the substance on which it grows?
3. Briefly describe the principal mechanism or mechanisms by which each of the following animals gets its food: (a) amèba; (b) hydra; (c) clam; (d) grasshopper; (e) frog.
4. (a) Make a drawing (labeled) to show the structure of a typical cell.
(b) Make diagrams showing the method of cell-division.
5. (a) Name the principal bones of the fore limb of a man, and compare with the skeleton of the corresponding limb of a horse.
(b) Explain the possible cause of the structural differences noted in the limb of the horse.
6. Explain what is meant by photosynthesis.
7. (a) State the changes which occur in alcoholic fermentation.
(b) Describe the structure and methods of reproduction of the organism to which such fermentation is due.
8. Define metabolism; fertilization; excretion; metamorphosis; secretion; digestion; absorption; gamete; pollen; zygote.
9. (a) Describe the life-history of a potato beetle or of a cabbage butterfly. (b) Indicate how the pest selected may be controlled by man.
10. Show how a muscle cell in the arm of a man is oxygenated from the atmosphere and how its wastes are returned to the exterior of the body.
11. Show how artificial propagation of cultivated plants by vegetative (asexual) reproduction is carried on.
12. Explain in what ways bacteria are useful to man.
13. How should the problem of dust be solved, (a) in a house; (b) in public buildings; (c) in the street? Give scientific reasons for varied procedure.
14. For what are the following men famous: Pasteur; Darwin; Mendel; Audubon ?
15. What are the principal "disease" germs which may be transmitted, (a) through the air by coughing, sneezing, spitting, or by personal contact; (b) from soil; (c) from water; (d) from milk; (e) from flies; (f) from fleas; (g) from dogs; (h) from lice?
Friday, June 24
9 a.m. Two hours
Answer three questions of each group and one additional question which may be selected from any group. Candidates are advised to apportion the time wisely among the ten questions answered. Number each answer to correspond with the question selected.
1. The Leaf: (a) What are the principal external parts of a complete leaf? (b) What is the function of each of the parts mentioned? (c) What is the function of each tissue in the leaf? (d) State how one of these tissues may be modified in the leaves of xerophytes or of hydrophytes.
2. Write an outline, in topical form, for a brief review of the study of stems. Make at least five principal topics, including under each several important sub-topics.
3. What is pollen? What happens to pollen after pollination? Name three different fruits which have been developed or improved by cross pollination. Name three characteristics of wind pollinated flowers.
4. Make clear, fully labelled diagrams of four of the following plant structures: (a) A cross-section of a fibrovascular bundle of a monocotyledonous stem. (b) The lower epidermis of a leaf. (c) A longitudinal section of a young root. (d) The sexual reproductive organs of a green alga. (e) The flowers of a dioecious plant. (f) Bread mould as seen under the microscope.
5. Describe the following plant structures and state the chief function of each: (a) Cambium, (b) Mycorhiza, (c) Archegonium, (d) Root nodule or root tubercle, (e) Rhizoid.
6. Geraniums with variegated leaves occasionally produce shoots which are entirely white. A horticultural firm offered $1,000 to anyone who would root one of these branches and thus establish a variety of white-leaved geranium. What is the chance of success? Why?
7. Explain fully all the successive steps in the formation and in the ripening of an apple.
8. Write a clear, well-arranged, interesting paragraph on one of the following topics: (a) The rôle of enzymes in plants. (b) The rôle of minerals in plants. (c) The nature and habits of epiphytes. (d) The importance of transpiration both to the plant itself, and to its environment.
9. How does the water utilized by the plant exist in the soil? How does this available water move in the soil? How does the water enter the root? Trace its course from the point of entrance in the root until it reaches the cells of the leaf where it is finally utilized.
10. (a) How does a woody stem increase in diameter? (b) What is the cause of the rather concentric rings that appear in the end of a log? (c) What is the structure of the radial lines that appear in the end of a log? (d) What markings may these lines cause in the wood when the log is cut longitudinally and parallel to the radial lines?
11. Name four plants which are commercial sources of oil. In what organ of the plant is the oil found? What is the commercial use of each of the oils mentioned? Of what importance are the oils to plants?
12. What is grafting? When is it of advantage? Explain two methods. What tissue of the stem is chiefly concerned?
13. When a branch is cut from a tree, how is the wound healed? How should a branch be removed to insure rapid healing? State the reason.
14. Name three different types of injury to which the important crops of your locality are frequently subject. What preventive or remedial measures are employed?
15. Name two trees which are important sources of wood pulp. Name five other important forest products. What are the main factors in causing the regional distribution of the forest in the United States? How has our country been benefited by the work of the Department of Forestry?