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national or world in scope, and will allow members of the

poorer nations to have major say re decision-making. A

space polis would not "belong" to any one nation or group

of nations. In some sense, they will be "free cities" but

of course subject to certain laws all "free cities" are

subject to.

8. In order to insure no more war

space lawyers,

social scientists, nations of the world, the United Nations,

and others will, for example, have to obtain agreements

between the nations of the world now. In a few years

once we really get out there

it will be too late. (At

that point we might still be able to end poverty, but not

war. I don't want any "Star Wars" in our future!)

In short, we do not want merely a "space program"

to defend ourselves against doomsday. We want to take the

offensive. The goal of ending all human poverty and war

may not be acheived. However, it should be a consciously

stated clear-cut goal. Future historians may not give us much credit for defending ourselves against doomsday. Indeed, they may fault us for not taking the first (perhaps only)

chance we had of ending all war and poverty. I believe

we have only a few years at best to take advantage of this opportunity before events overtake us.

President Kennedy set the time table of before 1970 for our landing on the moon. With better luck, it might



have been 1967, instead of 1969. With worse luck, it might have been 1971. Setting a goal is important and I mean a human not merely a technical goal. The overall human

goal in this case: ending all war and poverty. The time table :

before 2050.

The "people program" I have suggested is idealistic, realistic, and unprecedented. In the words of a song popular

in the 60s: "All we are saying

is give peace a chance".

In the words of Albert Einstein: "Perfection of means and

confusion of ends seem to characterize our age".

One of the most important decisions in the history of the human species is now before this committee. Don't

think too hard or too long or it will be too late.

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Charles Elliott Tandy, born on 04 April 1947, son of George William and June Jones Tandy, spent his childhood in Princeton, Caldwell County, Kentucky and in Central City, Muhlenberg County, Kentucky.

Ed Tandy, who attended Kentucky Southern College (Louisville, Ky.), graduated from the University of Louisville (Ky.), concentrating his studies in philosophy, history, and sociology. After graduate work in political science at the New School for Social Research (New York City), he attended the Ninth Geneva Graduate Study Programme of the United Nations (Geneva, Switzerland), studying ecology and the environment.

While working his way through college (which included substitute teaching in high school), and with the aid of a scholarship grant, Mr. Tandy found time to serve on weekends as a volunteer in tutoring underprivileged school children, was elected to various offices in student government, and actively participated in his college's "S.0.S." (Save Our School) fund-raising campaign. Later, he won first prize in a national essay contest sponsored by the United Nations Association of New York City.

Ed Tandy first entered national politics in any vigorous way with Senator Eugene McCarthy's bid for the Presidency in 1968. In 1969 Tandy was elected to the Muhlenberg County (Ky.) Democratic Executive Committee to serve for four years. In 1972, he was a Democratic candidate for U.S. Congress (Ky. First Congressional District).

Mr. Tandy, who has done volunteer work with the Kentucky Human Rights Commission, is a former mental health worker as well as a former employee of the Hugh Moore Fund: the Campaign to Check the Population Explosion. Mr. Tandy helped in the preparations for the first "Earth Day" of 22 April 1970, and later worked as an environmental health officer with the Kentucky State Department of Health.

Tandy, whose biography has appeared in Personalities of the South, has testified before committees of both houses of U.S. Congress. Author of a proposed bill to establish a (U.S.) National Institute on Low Temperature Biology, Mr. Tandy's copyrighted works include "Prometheus Polis: an Alternative to Death" and "Utopia: Only 25 Years Away!" Tandy is also listed in international Who's Who of Intellectuals. Mr. Tandy's memberships include the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Civil Liberties Union, the American Federation of Government Employees--AFL-CIO--Local 3186 (and a former Vice-President), the Bay Area Cryonics Society, the Committee for Elimination of Death, Consumers Union, the Cryonics Society of Michigan, the Federation of American Scientists, the L-5 Society, the Prometheus Society (and its Founding Director), SANE, the Smithsonian Associates, the Society for Cryobiology, World Action, the World Federalists, and the World Future Society.

Tandy, a civil servant with the (U.S.) Social Security Administration, is Founding Director of the Prometheus Society, a non-profit organization advocating the revolutionary, dramatic improvement of the human condition possible by means of the practical application of space science and colonization, life-extension and medical science, and cryobiological research and development.

Ed Tandy resides at 102 Morris Drive, Laurel, Maryland 20810 U.S.A,

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(Let me thank G. Harry Stine for writing his recent book, The Third Industrial Revolution, without which this presentation might never have been possible.)

It is said exploration produces information and must be followed by exploitation if that information is to be applied in a practical way to the human condition. According to Mr. Stine, the "third industrial revolution is astronautics passing from the stage of exploration to the age of exploitation."

The first industrial revolution was a means of transcending the limitations of our muscles; the second, of transcending our brain. The third industrial revolution is a way of transcending our environment. First, machines, then, computers. Now, space.

There are some rather miraculous things possible in space, things that we have only recently become aware of. In a roughly absolute-zero,



hard-vacuum, solar-intensive, and "zero-gravity" space, we can control "gravity" (or lack thereof), pressure (or lack thereof), and heat (or lack thereof) very easily and inexpensively. Cryobiology is only one field of science/technology that shall be radically altered by the third industrial revolution.

Physical processes actually change in space, as processes are dependent on environment. The following list by Stine (adapted from Wuenscher) shows some industrial processes possible in space: 1. Free and Captive Suspension

a. Crucible Support, Wetting and Nonwetting

b. Sting Support, Wetting and Nonwetting

c. Electromatic Field Support

d. Electrostatic Field Support

2. Mixing

a. Mechanical

b. Induction

3. Separation/Purification

a. Centrifugal Separation, Free or Container

b. Velocity Separation, Condensation or Selective Membrane
c. Electrophoresis

d. Magnetic Separation (mass spectrometer)

e. High-Vacuum Refinement, Centrifugal or Marangoni

4. Allowing + Supersaturation

a. Premixed Powder Melting

b. Thermosetting or Diffusion Alloying

5. Casting

a. Surface Tension Casting and Free Casting

b. Supersaturated Alloy Casting

c. Composite Casting, 2-State or 3-State

d. Adhesion or Layer Casting

6. Liquid State Forming

a. Blowing

b. Electrostatic Field Forming

c. Composite Casting, 2-State or 3-State

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