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ESTIMATED ANNUAL COST
PURCHASE PARTS FOR TWO LAUNCH STAGES
MOTORS, 40 MILLION LBS THRUST, $ 0.60/LB THRUST
PURCHASE PARTS FOR 160 NOSE CONES
104 x 1 MILLION LBS THRUST, $ 0.60/LB THRUST
160 x 200,000 LBS THRUST, $ 0.60/LB THRJST 160 x 50,000 LBS THRUST, $ 1.00/LB THRUST 160 SETS OF TANKS AND INSULATION
PROPELLANTS, 218 x 14 MILLION LBS, $ 0.05/LB
At all stages, from making the decision to expediting the program, what the management is permitted to do is determined by the familiar process of bargaining and competition. In bargaining, people having or claiming jurisdictions (ownership, authority, proprietary positions, etc) attempt to exact tribute before allowing an action to be carried out. In its usual manifestation bargaining is a bluffing process, in which one party cannot stay in business if he accepts less than some set of terms, and the other party cannot stay in business if he gives more than some set of terms. Each party seeks to convince his opponent that he himself is reasonable to a point just within his opponent's limits, but that beyond that point he is utterly unreasonable. The same process governs markets, international relations, labor negotiations, and space management. In space planning, congressmen may demand contracts for their districts, industrialists may, attempt to unload obsolete hardware from their shelves, managers may seek to enlarge their jurisdictions, and scientists or engineers may use the budget to support their hobbies, all to the detrimen: of the space program. Competition, of course, is the process which forces bargainers to be reasonable, tending to adjust agreements toward compromises which result in maximum mutual advantage.
A necessary step in making the proposed program manageable is a suitable organization, such as that shown in Table 6.3.1. By avoiding diffusion of responsibility and authority, and concentrating these in accountable hands, it will help to discourage "influence peddling", and encourage competition, by both vendors and employees.
7 SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS
A total unified plan for space research and solar system exploration throughout the next 35 years has been described. existing engineering knowledge is used. Launch rockets would be recovered from all flights, in an upright attitude on the launch structure, ready for reuse without refurbishment. Standardized spacecraft would be used. All missions possible within foreseeable extensions of present technology are included, totalling 218 missions per year, to all parts of the solar system. The cost would be about $2 billion per year. The plan would be operational
within ten years.
The plan is comprehensive in scope, and sufficiently detailed to bracket the system uncertainties. However, it is recommended that a two year planning effort be completed in such detail that all contracts will be written, ready for signatures, before any final commitment is made. The planning effort requires an autonomous team.
Meanwhile, interim prograns should be devised to use the existing space installations, hardware, and people for operations which are useful in their own right, or for their contribution "to the program proposed in this paper. In addition to various proposals already being considered by NASA are the following:
o The NASA-proposed manned earth-orbiting laboratory should be a prototype of the manned space ship described in Sections 2.3 and 2.4.
o The National Space Academy should be inaugurated in 1969 at the Manned Spacecraft Center, as described in Section 6.3.
o A 365-day, round-trip, manned flyby trip to Venus, launched by a single SATURN V rocket, should be undertaken. Refer to Table 3.1.1. The writer hereby volunteers to man the flight, alone or with company, during the opportunities of 1972, 1974, 1975, or
1977. Roll N Willipin
In connection with the Hearings on Future Space Programs January 24, 25, 26, we submit the following on why Space is a viable alternative to War
"Cogitations on War and the End Thereof
and a proposal to build a Universe Room in every school
"A Prposal to Plan and Develop a Universe