« AnteriorContinuar »
In consonance with our remarks today, we offer the following broad recommendations:
Advance the Space Shuttle into operational readiness. Getting to and from space is
Implement an evolutionary approach to obtain additional electrical power on orbit,
Establish "proof of concept" demonstration milestones to assess technical and
Increase R&D funding to initiate developments directed toward new space opportunities.
Operate on the assumption that future space programs, like those of the past and
■Implement an Evolutionary Approach to:
- Electrical Power On-Orbit
- Large Structures in Space
- Payloads Utilizing These Capabilities
-Plan "Proof of Concept" Demonstration Milestones
■Increase Total R&D Funding
■Have Faith in Beneficial Fallouts
ROBERT L. JOHNSON President, McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company
Huntington Beach, California
Mr. Johnson has been President of McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company since 1975.
From 1969 to 1973, Mr. Johnson served as Assistant Secretary of the Army for Research and Development. During World War II, he served in the Navy as a lieutenant.
From 1946 to 1969, Mr. Johnson held numerous technical management positions at McDonnell Douglas, including that of Vice President, Research and Engineering, during the time when the Delta and Saturn launch vehicles were being developed. When appointed Assistant Secretary of the Army, he was serving as Vice President for the Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL) Program,
Mr. Johnson has received many awards for contributions in civil and military affairs.
Mr. JOHNSON. [Slide.] McDonnell Douglas has been involved for a long time in these programs. It is therefore from that background as well as some straight hard thinking on the present questions you have asked that leads to our present statement.
Let me begin by saying that we are concerned with the reduction that has occurred in at least a percentage of our GNP, which is being applied to general R. & D. This is not just space but overall R. & D. and it is civilian and Government combined. I hasten to point out that since our GNP has been going up that there has been an increase in the dollars absolutely, but when you consider the effects of inflation the net result since 1965 has been that R. & D. expenditures in the United States have been flat; whereas it is clear that others are increasing. I think attention by Congress to increasing that is important.
Slide.] Next I would pass on to say that in this activity of planning for NASA's future programs and the country's future programs that industry does plan an important role. It is in those areas there that I would like particularly to draw your attention to the fact that both in No. 2 there is support given to our own company R. & D. programs in funding, and as to the third point industry can and does utilize commercial applications that can come from space.
[Slide.] Those applications in the past have been many. I think during the course of the programs in the past several days you have heard them. I have in the statement a more detailed list to help answer those questions of what has come out in terms of applications.
[Slide.] I would as an example of that point out to you the commercial applications that we at McDonnell Douglas have made from space. Those are commercial activities that all together McDonnell Douglas has put about $100 million into covering those elements.
Heat pipes we developed for use in the Alaskan oil pipeline to keep the foundation stable. Over 100,000 of those were built.
The cryogenic insulation refers to an insulation system for use in LNG tankers which was developed for the Saturn booster tanks we built.
Flight simulators, we are producing something called a vital simulator which is the first computer-generated daylight seeing capability.
The Delta space booster, the latest revision of that the 4913 was developed under company funds and we now have under company funds significant work going ahead for spinning upper stages.
[Slide.] We think, going on, that out of the Shuttle will come significant capabilities. The major technical advances we think will be in the area of solar power generation, advanced communications and new industrial processes. The initial step in the solar power generation would be the experiments necessary to determine the technical and economical feasibility of both generating and transferring that to space.
In advanced communications the improvements can clearly promote international cooperation, education, news coverage, air traffic control, search and rescue, military operations and data and message interchange among individuals. That will require large structures in space, as will the experiments associated with solar power generation.
In the area of experiments with the Shuttle and the Europeandeveloped spacelab, we see many experiments that could lead to prod