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the Boston India merchant and banker. Avon, and Bethany Centre, N. Y. Mr. Cushing is survived by four sons, He was also employed as a surveyor H. B. Cushing, Dr. Ernest Cushing, on the lines of the Lexington and the Percy Cushing, all of Boston, and Louis Old Colony railroads. In 1852 he left Cushing, of Cohasset. Mr. Cushing Massachusetts, and had since resided, spent the closing years of his life at with the exception of about six months the home of the first at 170 New- in New Jersey, in his native place, bury St.

At a meeting of the Class occupying his time in various ways, of 1834, held at 174 Beacon St., Bos- particularly in horticulture. He was ton, Jan. 17, resolutions were passed on especially fond of Greek and Latin, Mr. Cushing's death. Later, a ballot which he continued to read until the was taken for a new Secretary, and time of his death. For many years Samuel W. Rodman was chosen Mr. Annin had kept a meteorological

William Le Roy Annin died at Le record, which he furnished to the State, Roy, N. Y., Dec. 6. He was born, and also a record of the temperature, July 28, 1812, in what had been Gan- which he furnished The Le Roy Gason's settlement in the town of Cale- zette for publication each week. He donia. The next winter the town of was never married. Bellona was set off from Caledonia, and during the following year this name

1837. was changed to Le Roy. Mr. Annin HENRY WILLIAMS, Sec. received his middle name from the

18 Concord Sq., Boston. fact that he was the first white male The Rev. Daniel Wight died at child born in the town. He was the Natick, Dec. 21, 1895. He was the eldest of eight children of Joseph and son of Daniel and Zillah (Goulding) Melinda (Weld) Annin. After attend- Wight of that town, and was born ing various public and private schools, Sept. 18, 1808. He was

a lineal he finished his preparation for college descendant of Thomas Wight, a native in two years at the new school in Tem- of the Isle of Wight, who fled from ple Hill, Geneseo, from which he re- religious persecution and came to this turned to Le Roy, where he opened a country in 1636, and settled at Dedprivate school. Continuing his studies ham. Mr. Wight was brought up as in the mean time, in 1831 he entered the a farmer till he was eighteen years of Sophomore Class at Harvard, gradu- age, when he began his preparation ating in 1834. While in college, Mr. for college at Leicester Academy. Annin taught private pupils, and pub- He afterwards spent two years at lic schools at Shrewsbury and Canton. Andover and entered Harvard in 1833. After graduation he kept a classical He became a member of the Theoschool for some time in Le Roy. At logical School at Andover in 1837, other times he taught as assistant, where he graduated in 1840. After and sometimes as principal, in schools preaching for six weeks in Connectiand academies at Concord and Water- cut, he was ordained pastor of the town, in Boston at the English High First Congregational Church in ScituSchool, at Jamaica Plain in C. W. ate, where he continued for sixteen Green's school, gave private lessons years. For family reasons he rein Charlestown and on Dorchester signed his charge in Scituate and Heights, and also taught at Elmira, returned to Natick. After this he preached in Boylston two years, for a the Rev. Mr. Cowles. At much perseason to the Seneca Indians in western sonal sacrifice on the part of his New York as missionary of the Amer- parents he was enabled to enter Har. ican Board, and, after a seven years' vard in 1833, where he ranked among pastorate at the second Congrega- the foremost of his Class. After tional Church in Ashburnham, he re- leaving college, Mr. Russell at once tired again to Natick and had charge entered upon the study of law in the for many years of the town library. office of Henry H. Fuller and later at In 1853 Mr. Wight published a large the Harvard Law School. He comsteel engraving illustrating the scenes menced practice as a partner with Mr. in Bunyan's “ Pilgrim's Progress.” Fuller, and in 1845 formed a partnerHe also published sketches of the ship with his brother under the firm churches in Scituate and Natick, and of Charles T. and Thomas H. Russell, for many years, and nearly up to '43, of which his two sons, Charles T. the time of his death, wrote the me- Jr., '73, and William E. Russell, '77, teorological articles for the Popular and his nephew, Arthur H. Russell, Science News and Journal of Chemistry. subsequently were admitted as memHe leaves a widow and one daughter. bers. In 1855 Mr. Russell became a

Charles Theodore Russell, son of resident of Cambridge. Very early Charles and Persis (Hastings) Russell, in his career he took an active part died at Cambridge, after a short ill- in politics, and a bare enumeration of ness of pneumonia, Jan. 16, 1896. the various offices which he has held His father was a prominent and in- will give some idea of his eminently fluential citizen of Princeton, where busy and useful life. He was a reprefor a long period he held the offices of sentative from Boston in 1844, 1845, town clerk and postmaster, carrying and 1850; a member of the Senate on at the same time, as is often the from the Suffolk district in 1851 and case in New England, a country store. 1852, and from the county of MiddleHe represented the town in the General sex in 1877 and 1878. He was mayor Court for eight consecutive years, and of Cambridge, for two years ; profor four years he was a member of the fessor in the Boston University Law Mass. Senate. Mrs. Russell was de- School from its establishment and up scended from the earliest settlers of to the time of his death ; senior counPrinceton. She died in her ninety- sel in the long controversy at Andover

She had a retentive when the professors of that institution memory, and to the end of her long were charged with heresy ; one of the life delighted her grandchildren and founders of the Young Men's Chrisgreat-grandchildren with tales of tian Association, in which he took a early times and the traditions of her great interest and of which he was for native town. An unfailing cheerful- a time the president ; president of ness was one of her most marked the Congregational Publishing Society characteristics, and her son Theodore and of the Board of Ministerial Aid; undoubtedly inherited from his mother for fourteen years a member of the this very prominent trait in his own Board of Visitors of the Andover character. Mr. Russell was fitted for Theological School ; president of the college, partly at Princeton Academy Mass. Congregational Club ; one of and partly under the instruction of the American Board of Commissioners



third year.

for Foreign Missions ; a member of spent in doing justice to an elegant the Oriental Society ; of the Society repast, we devoted the rest of the for Promoting Theological Education evening to pleasant social intercourse. among the Indians, and of the Ameri- Those present beside our host and can College and Education Society. hostess were the Rev. J. H. Allen, He was also president of the Boston D. D., the Rev. Prof. E. H. Welch Wharf Company Besides all these of Georgetown College, the Rev. and offices and interests, he was an ear- Mrs. H. F. Bond, and Mr. and Mrs. nest and active member of the Con- John Capen. The Secretary is sure gregational Church in Cambridge, that he reflects the sentiments of all in connection with which he found in thus expressing our obligations to time to teach a Bible class composed

Mr. and Mrs. Davis for this very enof some of the college students. He joyable Class reunion. — The fiftieth married, June 1, 1840, Sarah Elisabeth, anniversary of the marriage of the daughter of Joseph Ballister, a Boston Hon. C. G. Davis was celebrated at merchant. Of the ten children born his home in Plymouth, Mass., Nov. to them, six daughters and four sons, 19. On that occasion, a large and three of the daughters died in infancy. enthusiastic company of friends asHis wife and his other children survive sembled to extend greetings and conhim. His son, Wm. E. Russell, has gratulations and wish him and his been three times governor of Massa- wife choicest blessings on their future chusetts.

days. — Wm. A. Crafts lost his wife 1839.

on Dec. 28, 1895. CALEB W. LORING, Sec.

1843. 22 Congress St., Boston. Edmund Law Rogers died at Balti

Hon. W. A. RICHARDSON, Sec. more, Jan. 24.

Court of Claims, Washington, D. C.

The Rev. Octa vius Brooks Froth1840.

ingham died in Boston, Nov. 27, after JOHN CAPEN, Sec.

two years of declining health. Born 5 Worcester Sq., Boston.

in Boston in 1822, he was the son of It was quite an agreeable surprise Dr. Nathaniel Langdon Frothingham, to five of our thirteen survivors to '11, whose biography he published in meet in Washington in October last, 1890, with the title “ Boston Unithree having gone there as members tarianism, 1820–1850.” To his father of the Unitarian National Conference. he credited his own idealism, fondness This was just such an opportunity as for literature, fastidiousness in regard our esteemed classmate, the Hon. Ban- to persons and books, conservatism of croft Davis of that city, was only too sentiment, and intellectual freedom ; glad to improve for a Class reunion. and to his mother, Ann Gorbam Seconded by his excellent wife, who, Brooks, his simplicity of purpose, by the way, does not allow herself to directness of aim, and frank outbe outdone by him in enthusiasm for spokenness. On his mother's side he the Class of 1840, he tendered to us was allied with Phillips Brooks, '55, all a cordial and graceful invitation to for whom he felt a strong admiration. meet them at dinner at their fine man- Educated at the Boston Latin School sion, where, after an hour or more and Harvard, he was graduated from VOL. IV. NO. 15.


the Divinity School in 1846. Among and with conservative Unitarians genhis companions were Samuel Johnson; erally, became more and more strained. '42, Samuel Longfellow, '39, and T. When, in 1864, Dr. Hedge preached W. Higginson, '41 ; but he did not to the graduating divinity students sympathize with the early radicalism upon “Anti-Supernaturalism in the of these men, with whom he was asso- Pulpit,” Mr. Frothingham, a few days ciated in his maturity — in his think- later, in an address to the alumni of ing and his reformatory spirit, as well the Divinity School, met his positions as in the admiration and affection of with a force and candor that made many followers. Like Higginson and him the unmistakable leader of the Johoson, Mr. Frothingham came to radical Unitarians. In the following grief in his first settlement, at Salem, year, when the National Unitarian through his strong anti-slavery belief. Conference was formed, the terms of Remembering how effective in the its fellowship were so little agreeable Middle Age was the denial of the to Mr. Frothingham that, by his adsacraments to contumacious persons, vice, his society dropped the Uniand regarding the Lord's Supper as tarian name and called itself " The a privilege which he must not confer Independent Liberal Church.” The on evil men, he refused to admin- congregation steadily increased, and, ister it, because there were those in removing to the Masonic Temple in his church who applauded the Fugi- 1875, numbered nearly a thousand tive Slave Law and the renditions of persons. No one was ever fonder Sims and Burns. This course precipi- than Mr. Frothingham of understatetated his departure, and in 1855 he ment, or applied it to himself more took charge of a new church in Jer- freely. From the minimizing account sey City, N. J. Meantime his anti- of his preaching which he gave in his slavery liberalism had been, as it was “ Recollections,” no stranger to the with many, a solvent for his conserva- facts would derive any just conceptive theology. From a defender of his tion of the force and nobility of his father's compromising obscurantism pulpit ministration, or of the profound he had become a Transcendentalist in impression that it made upon a conhis philosophy, and a follower of F.C. gregation, then the largest in the city, Baur's Tübingen criticism, of which which, ranging through every grade he wrote in the Christian Examiner of culture, had a solid centre of characwith great fulness and contagious ad- ter and intelligence not to be excelled. miration. He entirely discontinued His printed sermons contain the subthe use of the Lord's Supper, believe stance of his message, but give no ing that it led to self-righteousness, idea of the fascinating grace and but in his last years he thought it beauty of the spoken word, which could be shorn of its doubtful attri- hardly Curtis could surpass, though butes and made a means of spiritual something of apparent coldness, forcultivation. In 1860 he became pas- eign to the man's private character, tor of the Third Unitarian Society of made him less attractive and engagNew York city. Drs. Bellows and ing than he would otherwise have Osgood, the other Unitarian preachers been. His range was wide, including in New York, at first received him fundamental problems of theology, graciously, but his relations with them, ethics, and philosophy, and equally






the social and political problems of residence and travel, and incipient the time. Defective in practical ac- paralysis made preaching impossible tivity, the preacher's eloquence was for him after his return. Immediwell - nigh the only bond of the so- ately upon this there was a flurry of ciety's cohesion. Again, Mr. Froth- excitement over a talk with a ingham was too depreciatory of his porter in which he seemed to criticise part as president of the Free Reli- in an unfriendly way the work he had gious Association, organized in 1868, done in New York and the opinions mainly by Unitarians dissatisfied with he had held. But the talk was only the temper of the Unitarian organiza- the exaggeration of the mood of a detion. The sympathy of religions and pressed condition of mind and body. the higher criticisin had not then He was always subject to reaction many friends ; but they have nore from the strain of mental effort — an to-day, because of the good confession optimist on Saturday, a pessimist on which Mr. Frothingham and his com- Monday morning. He took pains to panions witnessed in their brave and make it clear that he had made no earnest work. Yet it may be con- recantation, that his position was more ceded that he had not “the natural radical as time went on, though at the impulse and vigor,” the “rugged same time it was more liberal and speech," and the “vivacity of humor,” sympathetic. Taking up his residence the lack of which he afterwards de- in Boston, he was seldom absent from plored. Later than his friends, John- the public meetings of the Unitarians. son, Longfellow, and Higginson, in That they were advancing rapidly arriving at the Transcendentalist posi- from the position that he criticised in tion, he abandoned it about 1865, in 1865 made it much easier for him to a review of Mill's “Examination of feel at home among them. Before Sir William Hamilton's Philosophy," leaving the ministry, he had published, while their confidence in it remained besides several volumes of sermons unshaken. An early friend of Dar- and books of religious instruction for win's theory of the descent of man children, an elaborate “Life of Theoand of Spencer's general doctrine of dore Parker,” a “ History of New evolution, science rather than pbiloso- England Transcendentalism,” and a phy was henceforth his guide of life. “Life of Gerrit Smith.” Delightful But, whatever his position, he could reading, the last three books were too do better justice to that which he hastily prepared and contained inacopposed than could any but the best curacies and serious omissions. His instructed of its friends. The defect books written after his return from of this quality was what Renan called Europe were much better done, es“the fatal disqualification of being pecially the “George Ripley” in the able to see the other side.” He saw “ American Men of Letters " and the this so plainly, and often spent so

“ Life of William Henry Channing." much time in his devil's advocacy of The “ Boston Unitarianism" and it, that he was obliged to stint the “Recollections and Impressions expression of his own opinions, and so were singularly communicative for a weakened the effect of his discourse, man who had seemed exclusive and In 1879 he went abroad on account of reserved. The appearance was a misill health for a protracted period of fortune, related to the self-depreciat

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