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In the relation of students to the infirmary we have a complex problem, some of the students being perfectly well able to pay for what they get, while others do not include illness in their estimate of expenses at college, and are frequently handicapped when forced to undergo additional expenditures for this reason. In a previous article in the Graduates' Magazine (Sept., 1894, p. 37), a scheme was suggested which seems to offer a fair solution of part of this problem. If all the students in Cambridge, including the College, Scientific School, Law, Divinity, and Graduate Schools, were assessed one dollar a year, it would give an income of nearly $3,000. If, as in that plan, the dollar a year paid by each student were counted as five dollars toward infirmary expenses, and a charge of a dollar a day were made for residence beyond the five days accounted for by the assessment, there would be an additional income of $2,000 or $3,000, bringing the normal income up to possibly $5,000. Perhaps on this basis the running expenses would be covered, but this can only be determined by actual experience. It is possible, also, for students of the several departments to form a guild, or aid association, with directors elected from the Classes and Schools, for the purpose of lumping the expenses and providing against serious crippling of the resources of any one student. If even one thousand students entered into this, making it an assessment scheme, perhaps covered by an initial deposit of two or three dollars, the expenses for members in the infirmary to be paid from the fund, it is conceivable that all the expenses, including medical fees, might be paid for members of the guild at an individual cost of from one to three dollars a year. Of course this would be practically a coöperative insurance against illness. In this era of economic problems it seems worth while to carry such a plan into effect as a basis for general information.
The time may come when the University authorities will see their way clear to assume the financial responsibility for all cases of illness, including medical care. It is done by the University of Virginia at a charge in addition to tuition of $10 each, but I believe it can be done in Cambridge for $5, without changing the general relation of student and medical practitioner, except to exercise a slight wholesome guidance in his choice.
G. W. Fitz, M. D.
COMMITTEE OF ADVISERS TO FRESHMEN. This past summer a new plan was tried, with the object of making the relations between advisers and Freshmen placed under their care closer and more personal. The former “block” system of assignment was abandoned, and every Freshman received the following circular, together with a list of the members of the Committee:
Committee of Advisers to
HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Freshmen.
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., 29 June, 1895.
1. List of the Advisers to Freshmen for 1895–96.
the Faculty of Arts and Sciences for the Academic Year 1895–96. 4. Copy of the Regulations for Students of Harvard College.
5. Copy of the Rules relating to College Studies. Before filling in and returning to me the blank form (2) inclosed herewith, you will please submit the list of Advisers to your parent, guardian, or teacher, and then indicate on the blank the name of any of the Advisers personally known to you or to them.
If neither you nor they are personally acquainted with any Adviser, state next the Adviser in whose charge you would prefer, for any cause, to be placed.
If you have no choice, leave the line blank.
As soon as possible after the receipt of your reply I will notify you of the name and address of your Adviser.
In the event of more than twenty-five students applying to be placed in charge of a particular Adviser, the applications will be granted in the order of their being received.
Freshmen of the Class of '98 who have failed of promotion to the Sophomore Class are in charge of the Chairman of the Committee.
F. C. DE SUMICHRAST,
The assignment of students was made, after replies were received, on the basis, 1, of personal acquaintance with an adviser ; 2, where such acquaintance did not exist, of preference expressed for a particular adviser ; 3, where no such acquaintance or preference was indicated, of attendance on a course taught by an adviser; and, 4, of nearness of residence to the home of an adviser. More than half the Class expressed a preference, and whenever the number of applicants was not excessive the student's wish was granted. It is believed that this system will, as soon as fully known to and understood by students, parents, and teachers, considerably increase the efficiency of advisers and enable them to get at their charges more readily than when the relation is a purely official one.
F. C. de Sumichrast.
THE NEW QUINQUENNIAL CATALOGUES. The Quinquennial Catalogue of Harvard University, issued on Commencement, is a volume of 515 pages, containing the usual academic statistics pertaining to all the officers and graduates of Harvard from 1636 to 1895. The magnitude of the task of the editor, W. H. Tillinghast, '77, is shown by the fact that the Catalogue embraces the names of 19,335 individuals recorded in the roll of graduates, besides 695 holders of honorary degrees who were not also Harvard men, and 1,433 officers of instruction and government. The editor has ascertained the deaths of a considerable number of early graduates. From the index it appears that the Smiths outnumber any other family — there being 182 of this name who have graduated ; second in order are the Williamses, 134; of Browns there are 111, and 25 Brownes; they are closely followed by the Adamses, 106; there are 71 Clarks and 45 Clarkes ; 93 Davises ; 57 Cushings; 51 Emersons; 51 Fosters ; 50 Gardners ; 44 Greens and 26 Greenes; 43 Grays; 45 Hales ; 77 Halls ; 62 Hills; 45 Hunts, 57 Jacksons; 77 Johnsons; 79 Joneses ; 51 Lincolns; 47 Nicholses ; 93 Parkers; 63 Perkinses ; 56 Richardsons ; 64 Rogerses ; 53 Robinsons ; 63 Russells; 48 Shaws; 44 Stearnses; 46 Stevenses ; 55 Stones ; 50 Taylors; 54 Thayers; 48 Walkers; 56 Warrens; 87 Whites ; 47 Whitneys.
The Law School Quinquennial Catalogue has been edited by John H. Arnold, and contains, besides the chronological and alphabetical lists, a geographical list showing the present residence of every one now surviving who has been connected with the School. This greatly enhances the value of the Catalogue, making it practically a lawyer's directory in which any one can find what Harvard-bred lawyer is practicing in any part of the country. By the use of small capitals members of the Law School Association are further distinguished. The Catalogue has the names of 6,210 students, of only 181 of whom the editor failed to have satisfactory information. The title of the volume should be printed on the back. Both catalogues are for sale by the Publication Agent, Mr. J. B. Williams, 2 University Hall, Cambridge.
THE FOGG ART MUSEUM.
The Fogg Art Museum was opened in October. The Museum is the gift of Mrs. Elizabeth Fogg, of New York, who died Jan. 3, 1891, leaving $200,000 to Harvard College, of which sum a part was to be kept to pay the running expenses of the building. The Corporation appropriated, in November, 1892, $150,000 to the building, and selected Richard M. Hunt, h '92, to prepare plans. The site chosen was the hollow between Appleton Chapel and Cambridge Street.
The exterior, of light colored stone, cannot be said to belong to any recognized order of architecture, as will be seen by a glance at the accompanying view. The interior is throughout fire-proof. On the ground floor are a large central hall for casts from Greek and Roman sculpture; a smaller room for Egyptian and Assyrian casts; another for electrotypes of ancient coins, Greek vases, etc.; another for casts from Michael Angelo's Medici Chapel statues ; another for Italian Renaissance work. Several sections in plaster of the Parthenon Frieze form the frieze of the main hall. Two flights of stairs lead to the second story, the galleries in which are now hung with several hundred Braun photographs of paintings of various schools, - the entire collection of photographs numbers nearly 15,000, — with some copies in oils and water-colors of examples of Florentine and Venetian painting, a few copies from drawings by Turner, and a few facsimiles from typical examples of French manuscript illuminations of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. In the west room large tables, with table easels, are provided for their convenient examination, and facilities for drawing and tracing will be afforded for qualified students.
A lecture hall, capable of seating over 400 persons, occupies the southern extension of the building, The committee appointed by the Overseers to visit the Department of Fine Arts makes this comment in their latest report : “As it stands, the building affords but moderate room for the exhibition of statues and casts, the lights are confusing, and some of the well-lighted places are occupied by doors. If a fine work of art, a picture, or a statue were presented to the College, there are very few places where it could be creditably placed. The teachers of the Department have naturally looked forward to this building as one that would greatly extend the influence of their work, and since it fails in many ways to meet their needs, we feel that their complaints are natural and justified.” A statement, made by Messrs. E. W. Hooper and Martin Brimmer, of the reasons for constructing the Museum on its present plan and of the intention of the Corporation in regard to its future use, will be found in the Harvard Graduates' Magazine for March, 1895 (pp. 301-305). Prof. C. H. Moore is curator of the Museum, which is open daily from 9 a. M. till 5 P. M., and for two hours in the evening.
Editor. 1 See frontispiece.
RECIPIENTS OF HONORARY DEGREES, COMMENCEMENT, 1895.1
WINTHROP ASTOR CHANLER, A. M., was born at Newport, R. I., June 11, 1867, his father being John Winthrop Chanler, and his mother Margaret Astor Ward. He fitted for college under a tutor; entered Harvard with the Class of 1890, and left at the end of two years. With one white companion, his servant George Galvin, he set out for the interior of Africa, and led an expedition of 180 men round Mt. Kilima-Njaro and through Masai Land. On his return, he immediately planned another expedition, on which, after due preparation, he started three years ago. On Sept. 16, 1892, his caravan left Lamu for Somali Land, and for nearly two years, during which he traveled several thousand miles, he explored regions of Eastern Africa in parts of which no European had hitherto gone.
GEORGE DOCK, A. M., was born at Hopewell, Bedford Co., Pa., April 1, 1860. Was educated at the common schools of Lancaster, Pa., the Harrisburg Academy, and the University of Pennsylvania. From the last institution he received the degree of M. D. in 1884, and immediately entered on the teaching and practice of his profession. Is Professor of Medicine in the University of Michigan, and physician to the University Hospital at Ann Arbor, Mich. Among his publications are “Report on Leprosy in Galveston, Texas,"
, 1889; numerous papers giving the results of original research in the parasite of malaria; “ The Amoeba Coli in Dysentery and Abscess of the Liver,” 1891; a chapter on the “Treatment of Malarial Disease,” in Hare's “System of Therapeutics ;” “ Chloroma and Leukemia ;” “Ostromalacia in America ; ” “ Trichomonas as a Parasite of Man; “Goitre in Michigan.” He is a member of the Association of American Physicians, and of various State and county medical societies.
WENDELL PHILLIPS GARRISON, A. M., was born in Cambridgeport, June 4, 1840. He received his education in the Boston public schools, graduating from the Latin School in 1857 ; from Harvard College in 1861. He was engaged chiefly in private tutoring till, in February, 1864, he joined the staff of the New York Independent as literary editor. On the founding of the New York Nation in July, 1865, he was associated with Mr. Edwin L. Godkin as literary and managing editor, and has remained so ever since. Besides occasional contributions to the magazines, he has published a genealogy,
i Omitted from the September number.