Imágenes de páginas

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1868, by


In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, for the District of Indiana.




ON Monday, the 5th of September, 1774, there were assembled at Carpenter's Hall, in the city of Philadelphia, a number of men who had been chosen and appointed by the several colonies in North America to hold a Congress for the purpose of discussing certain grievances imputed against the mother country. This Congress resolved, on the next day, that each colony should have one vote only. On Tuesday, the 2d July, 1776, the Congress resolved, "That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, Free and Independent States," etc., etc.; and on Thursday, the 4th July, the whole Declaration of Independence having been agreed upon, it was publicly read to the people. Shortly after, on the 9th September, it was resolved that the words "United Colonies should be no longer used, and that the "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" should thenceforward be the style and title of the Union. On Saturday, the 15th November, 1777. "Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union of the United States of America" were agreed to by the State delegates, subject to the ratification of the State legislatures severally. Eight of the States ratified these articles on the 9th July, 1778; one on the 21st July; one on the 24th July; one on the 26th November of the same year; one on the 22d February, 1779; and the last one on the 1st March, 1781. Here was a bond of union between thirteen independent States, whose delegates in Congress legislated for the general welfare, and executed certain powers so far as they were permitted by the articles aforesaid. The following are the names of the Presidents of the Continental Congress from 1774 to 1788:

Peyton Randolph, Virginia.........
Henry Middleton, South Carolina....
Peyton Randolph, Virginia.........
John Hancock, Massachusetts..

...5th Sept., 1774. .22d Oct., 1774. .10th May, 1775. .24th May, 1776.

Henry Laurens, South Carolina...............
John Jay, New York........
Samuel Huntingdon, Connecticut.
Thomas McKean, Delaware....
John Hanson, Maryland.......
Elias Boudinot, New Jersey..
Thomas Mifflin, Pennsylvania.....
Richard Henry Lee, Virginia...
Nathaniel Gorham, Massachusetts....
Arthur St. Clair, Pennsylvania..........
Cyrus Griffin, Virginia.........................

The seat of government was established as follows: At Philadelphia, Pa., commencing September 5, 1774, and May 10, 1775; at Baltimore, Md., December 20, 1776; at Philadelphia, Pa., March 4, 1777; at Lancaster, Pa., September 27, 1777; at York, Pa., September 30, 1777; at Philadelphia, Pa., July 2, 1778: at Princeton, N. J., June 30, 1783; at Annapolis, Md., November 26, 1783; at Trenton, N. J., November 1, 1784; and at New York City, N. Y., Jan. 11, 1785.

1st Nov., 1777. .10th Dec., 1778. .28th Sept., 1779. ..10th July, 1781. 5th Nov., 1781. 1782.




(( 1784.

..4th 3d ..30th ...6th Jan., 1786. ...2d Feb., 1787. .22d Jan., 1788.

On the 4th March, 1789, the present Constitution, which had been adopted by a convention and ratified by the requisite number of States, went into operation.


Colored Persons.

Cens's White
Years. Persons. Free.

1790... 3,172,464 59,466 1800... 4,304,489 108,395 1810... 5,862,004 186,446 1820... 7,861,937 238,156 1830... 10,537,378 319,599 1840... 14,195,695 386,303 1850... 19,553,068 434,495 1860...| 26,964,930 487,970


Slave. Total. Population.

697,897 757,363 3,929,827 893,041 1,001,436 5,305,925 1,191,364 1,377,810 7,239,814 1,538,038 1,776,194 9,638,131 2,009,043 2,328,642 12,866,020 2,487,455 2,873,758 17,069,453 3,204,313 3,638,808 23,191,876 3,953,760 4,441,730| 31,443,322

« AnteriorContinuar »