Imágenes de páginas

4. Interlineations. That is, words or sentences written between the lines. If a word or sentence has been omitted, rewrite the entire letter. Erasures and interlineations show a lack of respect to the one to whom the letter is addressed.

5. Anything written in lead pencil.

6. Too frequent use of the pronoun "I." Word your sentences so as to avoid using it excessively.

Which Word?

There are many so-called synonyms in our language which have wide differences in meaning. In fact, there are very few words which are really synonymous. A good correspondent must have an extensive vocabulary and be able to use the word which will bring out his thought in the clearest way. It is the purpose of the following exercises to bring out as clearly as possible the differences in words, many of which are used synonymously not only by business men and women, but by every one in daily speech and writing. These exercises will require the student to study the dictionary carefully and constantly, thus forming the dictionary habit; one of the best habits for the stenographer and correspondent as well as for the student. Other books on the use and abuse of words may also be used for reference. (See Introduction.)

Insert in the blank space the proper word or words and be prepared to explain clearly in class the difference in meaning of the words given and to defend the use you have made of them. Use pencil when inserting words so that if an error is made it may be corrected in class. Be sure, at the close of each lesson, that you have all the blanks filled out correctly, as you may need to refer to these sentences later.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

3. St. Paul chose to magnify his office, when all men conspired to 4. My wonder was

[merged small][ocr errors]

6. We 7. To

[ocr errors]


when I learned that they were all deaf-mutes.

Loathe, Detest.

his food.

what is evil or contemptible.

the taste of sweetness, whereof a little

More than a little is by much too much. 8. They love the offender, yet

[ocr errors]

the offense.

9. He might be a very

Skillful, Clever.

upon his head that his brains could not move.

man by nature, but he laid so many books

[ocr errors]

IO. . . men are good, but they are not the best.

[ocr errors]

II. The ship would quickly strike against the rocks for want of

[ocr errors][merged small]

the pilots.


You were not successful in your application for a position because of your lack of experience. However, the following advertisements have appeared in today's Journal and you may apply for one of the positions. Use even greater care than you did the first time in making your letter neat and to the point.

[blocks in formation]

References. When references are required, you should be

careful to give the names of persons who know your character and ability well enough to be able to recommend you and who are at the same time persons of enough prominence in the community to make their recommendation of some value. A former teacher, your pastor and prominent business men are proper persons to name as references. Always give the full names and addresses of the persons to whom you refer, and it is well to add some word of explanation; as, "my former teacher," "my pastor," "my former employer," "president of the Merchants' Bank," etc. It is well to ask a person's permission before giving his name as a reference, for then if he does not care to recommend you he will probably request you not to refer to him. If you do refer to a person without having obtained his permission, it is well to say, "I refer you, without permission, to Mr. Carlton Smith."

Do not say, "For reference I refer you," but simply, "I refer you" or "As references I name."

When asked to enclose letters of recommendation, never send the original letters, but copies. If you send the original letters and are unsuccessful, you may never get them back, and if you are successful, the originals can be shown later if necessary. Write, "I enclose copies of letters of recommendation from, etc."

12. A minor may

Which Word?

Revoke, Repudiate.

his contract if he so desires.

13. Under what circumstances has the principal the right to

agent's authority?

[ocr errors][merged small]

14. What reason is there that those grants and privileges should not be

15. Slavery was


16. The assembly

Abolish, Repeal.

the law at its next session.

17. It appears to have been a usual practice in Athens, on the establishment of any law deemed very useful or popular, to prohibit forever its

18. Imprisonment for debt has been

Exonerate, Acquit.

19. The testimony of two witnesses


20. In a case of dishonesty, the absence of the individual at the moment when the act was committed will . . . . him from all suspicion.

[blocks in formation]

22. We can hardly believe it possible that he should

[ocr errors][merged small]

advantage of the low price to buy a large quantity of the goods. 23. A politician from his designs when he finds they are imprac

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

27. Could I represent to you that invisible world of which I am speaking, you

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

30. He 31. I

Accept, Receive.

my apology, and we are now friends. his check after he had 32. That man may last, but never lives,

[ocr errors]

Who much


but nothing gives..

[ocr errors]

the conditions I imposed.

[blocks in formation]

You were successful yesterday in your application for a position and received a letter from Marshall & Hammond, requesting you to call at their office, 214 Main St., City, where they con

duct a wholesale and retail business in general merchandise. Both advertisements were inserted by this firm, as they need a young man. to assist in the bookkeeping and a young woman to assist in the shorthand and typewriting work.

You found Mr. Marshall in the office, to whom you introduced yourself. He proceeded to question you closely about your education and other qualifications, and, having satisfied himself from your intelligent answers that you could do the work, he arranged the matter of salary with you and then gave you some advice and instructions.


The teacher should have each student copy this statement by Mr. Marshall.

"Your hours for work will be from 8:00 A. M. to 12:00 M. and from 1:00 to 5:00 P. M. You are expected to be on hand ready for work at the hour named every morning unless prevented by illness. There is no place in the business office of today for the man or woman who is a few minutes late. Not only does his own work suffer, but his tardiness may delay others. While there may be some days when we shall not require you to remain in the office until five o'clock if your work is completed, there will be other days when we shall expect you to remain after that time to complete work which must be done that day. You can see for yourself how that might occur.

"As you are to assist in the correspondence of the firm, you will be, to some extent, a confidential clerk. Most of the books will be where you can inspect them. You will soon gain an intimate knowledge of the business and of the methods of conducting it, and that is what we want you should do, for the employe who thoroughly understands his employer's business can advance those interests more intelligently than the one who has not that knowledge. But, at the same time, while we want you to learn all you can about the business, we must insist that you do not make it a topic for conversation with your friends outside of business hours. You would not care to have a confidential friend tell all he knew about your private affairs to every one he met. In fact, ‘When you are in the office, you should know everything about the business, and when you are out of it you should know nothing about it,' unless an opportunity occurs for advancing its interests.

"We shall expect you to make use of your eyes and ears to find out as much about the work yourself as you can, but we want you always to work intelligently, and, whenever you are in doubt as to what should be done, you will

« AnteriorContinuar »