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Coeducation. The fact that increasing attention is being bestowed upon the higher education of women is apparent not only from the number of colleges for women that are constantly being established, but from the number of institutions that are continually removing the barriers against the admission of women to their privileges. The great advance that has been made in this direction during the past ten years may be graphically presented by means of the following diagram. This shows the ratio of coeducational institutions to the total number of colleges and universities (excluding colleges for women) for the years 1880 and 1890:
Both College & Preparatory, 5.8%
100 I-Diagram showing the ratio of coeducational colleges to the total number of colleges (excluding colleges for women).
For males only, 48.7%
Teaching force.-The total number of professors and instructors employed in the 415 institutions during the year under consideration was 7,918. This number includes the instructors in all the departments of the institutions. The distribution of instructors among the several departments is shown by the following diagram:
For males only, 34.5%
II.-Diagram showing the distribution of professors and instructors among the several departments of colleges and universities.
From this representation it will be seen that a little more than half the total number of professors instruct in the collegiate department, counting those instructing in both collegiate and preparatory departments. Of the 7,918 professors and instructors reported 1,083 were women. The great majority of this number were engaged as instructors in music, art, and elocution, or as assistants to professors. An examination of the catalogues of the 272 coeducational institutions shows that in 134 of them women have charge of some regular college studies. This includes not only the cases where women have the title of "professor," but also cases where they are called "instructor," but have charge of the subject specified. Nearly all of the coeducational institutions have women in their
corps of instructors, but, as said before, the large majority of these are engaged as assistants or as instructors in music, art, etc. The same investigation also showed that 24 of the coeducational institutions have women as members of their boards of trustees.
Students.-The distribution of the 118,581 students among the several departments is shown in the following diagram:
III.-Diagram showing the distribution of students among the several departments of colleges and universities.
The graduate students form a very small percentage of the total number, notwithstanding the remarkable increase in this respect during the past twenty years. As would naturally be expected, much the larger proportion of all the students are males, though this ratio is being constantly decreased. The accompanying diagram shows the proportion of males and females reported in all departments of colleges and universities:
IV.-Diagram showing the sex of students in all departments of colleges and universities.
Taking only the regular college students-that is, students pursuing undergraduate college courses, we find that the proportion of males is larger than when the students in all departments are considered. The total number of stu
1 See p. 819.
dents reported as being in the collegiate departments was 44,133, and the classification according to sex is given in the following diagram:
V.-Diagram showing the sex of students in collegiate departments.
Location of institutions.-The distribution of colleges among the several geographical sections of the United States is shown in the following:
North Atlantic Division.
South Atlantic Division.
South Central Division.
North Central Division.
VI.-Diagram showing the distribution of 415 colleges and universities among the several geo graphical divisions of the United States.