Principles of Political Economy: With Some of Their Applications to Social Philosophy, Volumen1
John W. Parker, West Strand, 1848 - 566 páginas
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accumulation additional advance advantage agricultural already amount applied become better called capital carried causes circumstances competition condition consequence considerable considered consists consumed cost cultivation demand depends desire economy effect employed employment England English equal example exertion exist expense extent fact fall farmer farms fixed France gain give given greater hands human important improvement increase individual industry interest Italy kind labour land least less limited live manufacture materials means ment natural necessary never objects obtained occupation operations paid peasant persons political population portion possession practice present principle produce profit proportion proprietors quantity question raise reason remuneration rent result saving society soil sufficient supply suppose things tion unless usually wages wealth whole
Página 147 - Those ten persons, therefore, could make among them upwards of forty-eight thousand pins in a day. Each person, therefore, making a tenth part of forty-eight thousand pins, might be considered as making four thousand eight hundred pins in a day. But if they had all wrought separately and independently, and without any of them having been educated to this peculiar business, they certainly could not each of them have made twenty, perhaps not one pin in a day...
Página 149 - This great increase of the quantity of work which, in consequence of the division of labour, the same number of people are capable of performing, is owing to three different circumstances; first, to the increase of dexterity in every particular workman; secondly, to the saving of the time which is commonly lost in passing from one species of work to another ; and lastly, to the invention of a great number of machines which facilitate and abridge labour, and enable one man to do the work of many.
Página 240 - It is not so with the Distribution of Wealth. That is a matter of human institution solely. The things once there, mankind, individually or collectively, can do with them as they like.
Página 146 - One man draws out the wire; another straights it; a third cuts it; a fourth points it; a fifth grinds it at the top for receiving the head...
Página 240 - The distribution of wealth, therefore, depends on the laws and customs of society. The rules by which it is determined, are what the opinions and feelings of the ruling portion of the community make them, and are very different in different ages and countries; and might be still more different, if mankind so chose.
Página 151 - The habit of sauntering, and of indolent careless application, which is naturally, or rather necessarily, acquired by every country workman who is obliged to change his work and his tools every half hour, and to apply his hand in twenty different ways almost every day of his life, renders him almost always slothful and lazy, and incapable of any vigorous application, even on the most pressing occasions.
Página 329 - Give a man the secure possession of a bleak rock, and he will turn it into a garden ; give him a nine years' lease of a garden, and he will convert it into a desert.
Página 150 - It is impossible to pass very quickly from one kind of work to another, that is carried on in a different place, and with quite different tools. A country weaver, who cultivates a small farm, must lose a good deal of time in passing from MB loom to the field, and from the field to his loom.
Página 271 - private property was it ever contemplated that the proprietor of land should be merely a sinecurist quartered on it.
Página 244 - The objection ordinarily made to a system of community of property and equal distribution of the produce, that each person would be incessantly occupied in evading his fair share of the work, points, undoubtedly, to a real difficulty.
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