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BOOKS OF THE MONTH.

Arnold of Rugby; His School Life.
etc. Cambridge University Press.
Audrey Craven. By May Sinclair.
Blackwood & Sons, Publishers.
Black Watch, The. The Record of an
Historic Regiment. By Archibald
Forbes, LL.D. Cassell & Co., Pub-
lishers.

Bon-Mots of the Nineteenth
Edited by Walter Jerrold.
Dent & Co., Publishers.
Confessions of a Collector, The. By
William Carew Hazlitt. Ward &
Downey, Publishers.

Century.
J. M.

Eastern Crisis and British Policy, The.
By G. H. Perris. Chapman & Hall,

Publishers.

English Stage, The. Being an Account of the Victorian Drama by Augustin Filon. Translated from the French by Frederic Whyte. John Milne, Publisher.

Fountain Sealed, A. By Sir Walter
Besant. Chatto & Windus, Publish-

ers.

Garden, Orchard and Spinney, In. By
Phil Robinson. Isbister, Publisher.
Hero of the Dark Continent, A. By
W. Henry Rankine, B.D. Black-
wood & Sons, Publishers.

History of European Thought in the
Nineteenth Century, A. By John
Theodore Merz. Blackwood & Sons,
Publishers.

History of Intellectual Development, on the Lines of Modern Evolution. By J. B. Crozier. Vol. I. Longmans & Co., Publishers.

M. Ramsay. Hodder & Stoughton,
Publishers.

My Father as I Recall Him. By Mamie
Dickens. Roxburghe Press.

Naturalist in Australia, The. By W.
F.Z.S., etc.
Saville-Kent, F.L.S.,
Chapman & Hall, Publishers.

Equality. By Edward Bellamy. D. New Africa, The. By Aurel Schulz,
Appleton & Co., Publishers. Price
M.D. and August Hammar, C.E.
$1.25.
Wm. Heinemann, Publisher.
Pantalas. By Edward Jenkins. Rich-
ard Bentley & Son, Publishers.
Peakland Faggot, A; Tales Told of
Milton Folk. By R. Murray Gil-
christ. Grant Richards, Publisher.
Popular Royalty. By Arthur H.
Beavan. Sampson Low, Marston &
Co., Publishers.

Tale of Two Tunnels, A. By W.
Clark Russell. Chapman & Hall,
Publishers.

History of Our Own Times; From 1880
to the Diamond Jubilee. By Justin
McCarthy. Harper Bros., Publish-
ers. Price $1.50.
Impressions of Turkey. By Prof. W.

Industries and Wealth of Nations. By
Michael G. Mulhall. Longmans &
Co., Publishers.

In the Tideway. By Flora Annie Steel.
Constable & Co., Publishers.

Later Gleanings; Theological and Ec-
clesiastical. By the Right Hon. W. E.
Gladstone. John
Pub-
Murray,
lisher.

Letters from the Black Sea During the Crimean War. By Admiral Sir Leopold Heath, K.C.B. Richard Bentley & Sons, Publishers.

March Hares. By Harold Frederic.
John Lane, Publisher.

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PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY

THE LIVING AGE COMPANY, BOSTON.

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TERMS

OF SUBSCRIPTION.

FOR SIX DOLLARS remitted directly to the Publishers, THE LIVING AGE will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

Remittances should be made by bank draft or check, cr by post-office money order, if possible. If neither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register letters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks, and money-orders should be made payable to the order of THE LIVING AGE Co.

Single copies of THE LIVING AGE, 15 cents.

IN THE SWEET O' THE YEAR.

Merrily piping a carol of mirth,
And of thanks for the life that was
dear;

Glad of the breath of the Spring o'er the
earth,

Sang a bird in the sweet o' the year.

Singing a message of death as it sped,

Woe is me for the life that we fearSwift from the string flew an arrow, and dead

Fell the bird in the sweet o' the year.
Sunday Magazine.

sing With bloom and fragrance, perfuming the air,

So glad are they her presence to declare.

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A SONG FOR LADY DAY.

A home she makes where'er our Lady

goes:

Her bosom is the garden of the rose,
At her approach the Winter turns to
Spring,

Beneath her feet the flowers laugh and And we like rivers from their source
Through cloud and shine, by deep or

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And when high noon on many a sail

Was bright along the brimming dow, Or when the westering sun must fail

sense,

To dream how not to dream away
The long large hours of boyhood's day.

Blood-red, and from the shifting glow
Of lilac-citron skies the queen

That sways your motion glimmered

green,

One lesson still my spirit learned

From flood and daylight fleeting past, And from its own strange self that yearned

Like them to lapse into the vast,

And merge and end its vague unrest
In some wide ocean of the West;

Ere we can find true peace again,

Our being must have second birth, Purged and made one through toil and pain

With Him Who rules and rounds the earth,

Beyond the dark, behind the light,
In mystery of the Infinite.

shoal,

Must follow that which draws our course,
The Love that is its guide and goal;
Of life, of death ye made me free,
Waters and hills of Severn Sea!

HERBERT WARREN.

RATAPLAN.

"O Rataplan! It is a merry note,
And mother, I'm for 'listing in the
morn:"

"And would ye, son, to wear a scarlet
coat,

Go leave your mother's latter age forlorn?"

"O mother, I am sick of sheep and goat, Fat cattle, and the reaping of the corn: I long to see the British colors float:

For glory, glory, glory, was I born." She saw him march. It was a gallant sight.

She blest herself, and praised him for a

man.

And straight he hurried to the bitter
fight,

And found a bullet in the drear Soudan.
They dug a shallow grave-'twas all they

might:

And that's the end of glory. Rataplan!

April, 1891. EDWARD CRACROFT LEFROY.

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The new astronomy, unlike the old astronomy to which we are indebted for skill in the navigation of the seas, the calculation of the tides, and the daily regulation of time, can lay no claim to afford us material help in the routine of daily life. Her sphere lies outside the earth. Is she less fair? Shall we pay her less court because it is to mental culture in its highest form, to our purely intellectual joys that she contributes? For surely in no part of nature are the noblest and most profound conceptions of the human spirit more directly called forth than in the study of the heavens and the host thereof.

That with the glorie of so goodly sight The hearts of men

may lift themselves up hyer. May we not rather greet her in the words of Horace: "O matre pulchra filia pulchrior"?

As it fell to my lot to have some part in the early development of this new science, it has been suggested to me that the present Jubilee year of retrospect would be a suitable occasion to give some account of its history from the standpoint of my own work.

Before I begin the narrative of my personal observations, it is desirable that I should give a short statement of the circumstances which led up to the birth of the new science in 1859, and also say a few words of the state of scientific opinion about the matters of which it treats, just before that time.

It is not easy for men of the present generation, familiar with the knowl

edge which the new methods of research of which I am about to speak have revealed to us, to put themselves back a generation, into the position of the scientific thought which existed on these subjects in the early years of the queen's reign. At that time any knowledge of the chemical nature and of the physics of the heavenly bodies was regarded as not only impossible of attainment by any methods of direct observation, but as, indeed, lying altogether outside the limitations imposed upon man by his senses, and by the fixity of his position upon the earth.

It could never be, it was confidently thought, more than a matter of presumption, whether even the matter of the sun, and much less that of the stars, were of the same nature as that of the earth, and the unceasing energy radiated from it due to such matter at a high temperature. The nebular hypothesis of Laplace at the end of the last century required, indeed, that matter similar to that of the earth should exist throughout the solar system; but then this hypothesis itself needed for its full confirmation the independent and direct observation that the solar matter was terrestrial in its nature. This theoretical probability in the case of the sun vanished almost into thin air when the attempt was made to extend it to the stellar hosts; for it might well be urged that in those immensely distant regions an original difference of the primordial stuff as well as other conditions of condensation were present, giving rise to groups of substances which have but little analogy with those of our earthly chemistry.

About the time of the queen's accession to the throne the French philosopher Comte put very clearly in his "Cours de Philosophie Positive" the views then held, of the impossibility of direct observations of the chemical nature of the heavenly bodies. He says:

On conçoit en effet, que nous puissions conjecturer, avec quelque espoir de succès, sur la formation du système solaire dont nous faisons partie, car il nous présente de nombreux phénomènes parfaitement connus, susceptibles peut-être de

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