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SPRINGFIELD, MASS., July 1, 1892.

Brig. Gen. THOMAS KITTREDGE, Surgeon General, M. V M.

SIR:- By order of Brig. Gen. Benj. F. Bridges, I was detailed to act as medical director from June 10 for the remainder of the encampment, in the absence of Lieut. Col. H. L. Burrell, medical director. By General Orders No. 9 I am continued as acting medical director during the absence of Colonel Burrell. The reports of the medical officers of all the commands are not yet received, but, as I shall in a few days leave for Europe, possibly it might be well for me to indicate my regard for you and your position by forwarding to you a very short report.

I may say, then, that the position of medical director for one day was not burdensome, as all the work had been thoroughly and efficiently accomplished by my superior. The only duty devolving upon me was the care of one civilian in brigade hospital, and the usual routine work. I made two unofficial inspections of the camp, and I was amazed at the possibility of the camp being so clean and neat, especially in the quarters of the artillery and cavalry. One could hardly find a straw or piece of paper on the grounds of these excellent commands.

The only suggestions coming before my notice are as follows: Surgeon Johnson suggests small halyards for hospital flag; an offal shute; cases containing a few instruments, medicines, etc., for use of the batteries while on the road. Veterinary Surgeon S. Gordon Sawyer suggests the propriety of four box stalls as hospital for horses, and also that a small medicine chest and a set of slings should be provided. A hose for attachment upon the present water pipes would facilitate the recovery of sprains, etc., used as a spray. He also suggests that before each encampment fresh clay be placed in each stable, as the present condition is very


Surgeon Rice of the Sixth reports less sickness this year than for eight or nine previous years, Company C of his regiment having marched to camp a distance of twenty-seven miles with no accident or sickness resulting. It would appear to me, from the position of a medical man, that we have never had a more successful encampment than the last.

I am, sir, your obedient servant,


Acting Medical Director First Brigade, M. V. M.



BOSTON, Sept. 3, 1892.

Lieut. Col. H. L. BURRELL, Medical Director First Brigade, M. V. M. SIR: I have the honor of making the following report of the tour of duty of the First Regiment Infantry from August 8 to 13 inclusive.

The embarking and disembarking of the regiment from Boston to Fort Warren and return, together with the street parade and review on the Common, were without mishap or accident of any kind. The weather conditions during the week were all that could be desired, excepting a shower that was a little too severe, and two days that were a trifle too warm. The cool breeze from the sea tempered the hot days so that the men did not suffer. The nights were cool and without dampness.

The health of the command was excellent, excepting a few cases of indisposition incident to camp life. Two men were recommended for discharge on account of chronic disease, making them unfit for the duties of a soldier.

The bathing facilities were excellent, the men having a sea bath every day, with the greatest amount of benefit and pleasure. Out of seven hundred and fifty men, only about ten per cent. could not swim.

After several years of agitation of the canteen system, the regiment adopted it at this tour of duty with the greatest success. There was less drinking, less disorder and better health of the men, there being no liquors of any kind in the men's quarters, and only malt liquors at the canteen. I would earnestly suggest that this system might well be adopted for the State militia, according to government regulations.

Previous to this encampment the several companies of the regiment have messed separately. At this tour of duty the regiment was fed under one canvas, and a more orderly and wellbehaved set of men (seven hundred and fifty in number) would be difficult to find. The food was excellent, well cooked and well served, and I believe that this plan of feeding all the men of a command in one mess is by far the most feasible, both in respect of economy of time and money.

Respectfully, your obedient servant,



FITCHBURG, June 20, 1892.

Lieut. Col. H. L. BURRELL, Medical Director First Brigade, M.V. M.

SIR:I have the honor of making the medical report of the Sixth Regiment, M.V. M., in its tour of duty at South Framingham from June 7 to 11 inclusive.

The grounds were in perfect condition for the encampment, and were kept clean and presentable at all times during the five days we were in camp.

There was less sickness among the men than has been usual the past eight years, as the daily reports show.

Company C of Lowell marched into camp, a distance of some twenty-seven miles, making the first eighteen miles on Monday, spending the night at Wayland on the banks of the Sudbury River, arriving in camp Tuesday morning in good condition, no sickness following the effects of the long march.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,




SALEM, MASS., Aug. 15, 1892.

Brig. Gen. THOMAS KITTREDGE, Surgeon General, Massachusetts.

SIR-I have the honor to make the following report of the medical department of the Second Corps of Cadets during the encampment at Essex, Mass., August 8 to 13 inclusive.

With the exception of a severe thunderstorm one night and a rainy day on Friday, the weather was excellent.

The health of the camp was very good indeed; barring one accident, there were no injuries to speak of.

This year the hospital tent was replaced by two ordinary tents; this was not an improvement.

The grounds throughout the camp streets, the tents throughout the command, and the mess-house and kitchens were kept very clean; the ground about the bathing stand and also near the sinks could not be complained of.

A lecture on "first aid" was given to the command on Monday evening; it was well attended, and the men showed considerable interest in the half hour's talk on injuries, sickness and calamities which may befall the soldier.

Improvements in the swinging shelf in the tents, and bathing facilities, were appreciated by the men this year.

All duty was faithfully performed, notwithstanding the hot weather which is apt to prevail at this time; no cases of heat stroke occurred, however, as the result.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,


Major and Surgeon, Second Corps Cadets

BOSTON, Sept. 10, 1892.

Gen. THOMAS KITTREDGE, Surgeon General of Massachusetts.

I submit herewith the medical report of the tour of duty of the Eighth Regiment Infantry, M.V. M., at South Framingham, July 11 to 16, 1892.

The entire regiment entered camp on the forenoon of July 11, combining the autumn field day with the summer encampment, with a full staff of medical officers. On this tour of duty the regiment was called upon to endure a week of exceptionally hot weather, the thermometer registering 92° to 96° in the shade of the tents, through the middle of the day, and 102° in the sun on the parade ground. In spite of this, there were but few cases of heat prostration, averaging about two a day, except on Monday afternoon, when there were fourteen cases of prostration during dress parade, due, not to the heat alone, but to the fact that the men had left their houses early, in many cases with insufficient breakfast, and had worked hard to arrange their tents, unloading and lifting about heavy camp chests. Through the entire week all regular duties and ceremonies were performed in spite of the heat, and no serious results followed.


The health of the camp was exceptionally good. The only surgical case of importance was that of Private Eugene F. Sullivan, Company I, who received a severe wound of the sole of the foot (July 14) in stepping upon a broken bottle while passing from one tent to another in his bare feet. The wound was two and a half inches long, extending across the sole of the left foot, penetrating to the bone, and severing the deep arteries, causing profuse hemorrhage. It was dressed antiseptically, and progressed remarkably well, proving the value of our new medical stores. The patient was retained in regimental hospital, and was entirely

free from pain, fever or other bad symptom. A week or more after he returned to his home in Lynn he had a severe secondary hemorrhage, and two days later was removed to the Massachusetts General Hospital by my direction, from which he was recently discharged well.


A series of four emergency lectures was delivered by me on successive days at the hospital tent, and the case above described, happening at the time of a lecture, served as an excellent demonstration of methods of controlling hemorrhage and dressing wounds. On the last day in camp an examination was held, and twenty-eight men were granted the diploma of the Massachusetts Emergency and Hygiene Association. I consider this series of lectures a very desirable addition to the routine of camp duties, and, occupying the hour from two to three o'clock, it does not interfere with any duty except guard.


The experiment was tried this year for the first time of catering for the entire regiment by contract with one man, thereby securing a uniform bill of fare for each meal, and the same quality of food throughout. The food was uniformly of fair quality, free from taint or anything injurious, well cooked, and the selection of articles. very judiciously made, so as to exclude indigestible and improper food, each meal being inspected by the surgeon, by whom all complaints were heard and investigated. To this method of catering can be ascribed in great part the good health of the camp, as, under previous systems, the excessive heat would undoubtedly have developed many cases of cholera morbus and other digestive diseases. On the whole, this method of catering seems to me most desirable, although some fair complaints were received, and in some details improvements can be made.


The bath-houses proved to be a great luxury and very popular, although their existence did not seem to be generally known. Another year the present facilities will be entirely inadequate, and I should recommend a bath-house for each regiment.


The excessive heat developed a point in camp hygiene that has never before been made so prominent. Having but a single pair of trousers, the men were obliged to wear them continuously, with

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