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pulpit there, that one Paternoster, said by the injunction of a priest, was worth a million Paternosters said of a man's mere voluntary mind: by this you may soon savour what judgment this man is of, and how sincerely he would instruct the people. At the last, he seeing these things proved against him, submitted himself to my correction. And whereas I might by justice have pronounced him perjured, and farther have proceeded against him for his erroneous preaching, I enjoined to him but certain penance, and not so much as he deserved; which he did receive, and swear by the holy Evangelists to accomplish the same. And therein again he was forsworn and did it not, but fled into the said county of Suffolk again, and became a parish priest and a preacher at Stoke Nayland, where he is (as I am informed) as well liked as he was at Hadley. I hearing that he was there, caused him to be cited to appear before me; which thing he did not; whereupon I did excommunicate him, and so now for his contumacy he standeth excommunicate. And if he come unto me, I will send him unto your lordship; but in the mean space these my letters are to desire your lordship that you will put with me your helping hand to see him punished; for although many of the Observants were wolves in sheep's skins, yet in my opinion he ought to give place to none of them in dissimulation, hypocrisy, flattery, and all other qualities of the wolfish pharisees.

Furthermore I send unto your lordship herewithal a letter directed to me by a monk of Christ's Church in Canterbury, named Dan John Walkeham, concerning certain detections. Upon which letter this day I have examined Dan Stephen Gyles and Dan John Stone, monks; and I have sent for Dan Thomas Becket to examine him to-morrow. And as for John Stone, I have committed him to ward: beseeching your lordship that I may know with expedition the King's Grace's pleasure concerning the ordering of these persons t.

Over this I have received letters directed both unto your [See Letters CXIX. CXLV. CLXXIII.]

See Letter CLXXVIII.]

lordship and to me from Turney u of Calice; and because our letters concern divers matters, I have sent you mine also, thinking it good that your lordship know the contents thereof. Thus, my lord, right heartily fare you well. At Forde, the 28th day of January. [1537.]

Your own ever assured,

To the Right Honourable and my
singular good lord, my Lord Privy

T. Cantuarien.





My very singular good Lord, in my most hearty manner Chapter I commend me unto your lordship. And where you reWestmin- quire me to advertise you what farther knowledge I have Crumwell's concerning the misdemeanour of such monks of Christ's Corre- Church as of late were detected unto you, as yet I know no spondence. Original. more than I wrote to you of, saving that the observation of Todd, Life the King's Injunctions is not regarded; for when any of the of Cranmer, vol. i. Convent will move to have any of the said Injunctions observed, by and by the Prior saith that he hath a dispensation for it; insomuch that, amongs other things, on St. Blase day y last past, the Prior commanded that the relics should be set forth as they were wont to be, and thereof sent word to the Convent unto the Chapter House, that it was the King's pleasure so to be done, which is contrary to the Injunctions given. But forasmuch as I was uncertain

p. 172.


[Henry Turney was involved in the troubles at Calais which followed Damplip's preaching, and, together with several others, was sent to England on a charge of heresy. They were in prison at the death of Crumwell in July 1540, when they were dismissed by the Lord Chancellor Audley, by virtue of the King's general pardon. See Letters CLV, CLIX, CCXXV, &c; Foxe, vol. ii. p. 562; Stat. 32 Hen. VIII. cap. 49.] x [See Letter CLXXVII.]

y The 3rd of February.]

z [Item, That they shall not show no relics or feigned miracles for increase of lucre, but that they exhort pilgrims and strangers to give that to the poor, that they thought to offer to their images or relics. Injunctions to Monasteries, Burn. Ref. vol. i. b. iii. No. 2. See also Injunctions to the Clergy, Ibid. N°. 7.]

whether he be thus dispensed withal for such things or no, I thought it good to advertise your lordship thereof. Besides this you shall understand, that there is one named Dan Robert Antoney a, subcellerar of Christ's Church, for fear of examination is gone his ways, who left a letter to the Prior behind him, the tenor whereof you shall perceive by the copy of this letter herein inclosed.


Further shall receive herewithal a letter sent to me from Calice, concerning an oath to be had there for the extirpation of the Bishop of Rome's power and authority according to the Act of Parliament: by which said letter lordship shall perceive more in that behalf.


Also I have in durance with me a French priest of Calice, of whom I wrote to your lordship, and with him I have received an English book, which my Commissary, with other soldiers of the town, in reprehending such corrupt sayings as are therein contained, sustained much reproof and displeasure; the notable places therein this bearer my servant can inform you. If your lordship be minded to have the priest, I will send him unto you. He is surely a simple man, without all knowledge of learning, and therefore I think that he hath spoken nothing of malice or purpose, but of ignorance. And forasmuch as he is the French King's subject, and served there for no purpose else but to be a gardener, in mine opinion it will be well done that he be sent unto Calice again, and so banished the town, and sent home unto his natural country. Thus, my lord, right heartily fare you well. At Forde, the xvi. day of February.


Your own ever assured,

To my very singular good lord, my
Lord Privy Seal.

a [See Letters CCXXVI. CCXXVIII.

b Stat. 28. Hen. VIII. cap. 10.]

[John Butler. See Letter ccxxv.]

T. Cantuarien.




My very singular good Lord, in most hearty wise I comHouse, mend me unto your lordship. And whereas this bearer, Westmin- Mr. Hambleton 4, showed unto your lordship certain letters Crumwell's which he received from Rome, and your lordship willed Corre- him that he should in no wise agree unto them, promising spondence. Original. him to move the King's Highness to give him some living


here in Englonde; these shall be therefore to desire your
lordship to be so beneficial unto him, and, the rather at this
my instant request, to move the King's Highness to give
him somewhat to live on here in Englonde, until it please
God to send the true light of his gospel into his country,
and unto such time as he may more quietly enjoy his own.
And in so doing your lordship shall do a very good deed
to further him, being a right honest man and destitute of
friends, and bind him during his life to owe unto your lord-
ship his service and prayer. Furthermore I desire your
lordship, as shortly as you can conveniently, to give unto
the said Mr. Hambleton an answer of the King's pleasure in
the same, so that he may know whereunto to trust. Thus
pray God long to preserve your lordship in health to his
pleasure. From Fourde, the 28th day of February.
Your own ever assured,


To my very singular good lord, my

Lord Privy Seal.

T. Cantuarien.




After most hearty commendations unto your lordship; these be to advertise the same, that this bearer moveth me of Westmin- the weight of certain plate, wherein should be much profit Crumwell's unto the King's Highness, as he saith; which matter neither Corre- I do well understand, nor it appertaineth unto mine office; Original. wherefore I have sent him unto your good lordship; unto



d [See Letter CLXX.]

whom, if you please, he will show the whole effect of his mind; which known, you may do as you shall think good. Thus our Lord have you in his most blessed preservation. From my manor of Lamehyth, the xiii. day of March. Your lordship's assured,

To my singular good lord, my Lord
Privy Seal.

T. Cantuarien.




My very singular good Lord, after most hearty recom- Mss. mendations unto your good lordship: this shall be to desire Chapter and heartily to pray you, that my Lord Cobehame may be Westminput in the commission f, not concerning Canterbury but ster; only for Rochester, because he lieth within three or four Correspondence. miles of Rochester. I know no benefit that can come to Original, my lord thereby, but only that I think it should be a plea- Holograph. sure for him, and to me surely your lordship shall do a very great pleasure therein; wherefore I entirely beseech your lordship to put him in the said commission. And thus Almighty God have your lordship ever in his preservation. From Croydon, this last day of March. Your own assured ever,

To my very good lord, my Lord

Crumwel, Lord Privy Seal.

T. Cantuarien.


After most hearty commendations unto your lordship: Chapter Whereas within the diocese of Norwiche there is one named House, M. Gounthrop, Parson of Wretyng, whom of long time, ster;




[George Brooke, Lord Cobham, afterwards Lord Deputy of Calais. spondence. His brother Thomas married Cranmer's niece. See Letters CLXXIII. Original. CCLXIII.]

f [Probably the commission for the collection of the subsidy to the King. See above, Letter cxLT; and below, Letter cxcu.]

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