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was desired to interpretate one article of the late Injunctions, giving in the King's Grace's Visitation, which concerneth the dimission, as well of such as were professed under twenty years of age, as also other that be now under twenty-four. And although the words be so plain, that in mine opinion there needeth no interpretation, yet forasmuch as doubts be made therein, I will not take upon me to make any exposition herein but such as you shall make, by whose authority the Injunctions were given.

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The article is this: "Item, quod nullus deinceps per"mittatur profiteri regularem observantiam, aut vestem suscipere religionis per confratres hujus domus gestari soli"tam, nisi vicesimumn suæ ætatis annum compleverit. Et si qui jam sub vicesimo anno completo in veste hujusmodi "infra hanc domum jam inducti sunt, et si qui alii sub vi❝cesimo quarto anno existentes discedere velint, illam quam66 primum se exuant. Et magister hujus domus suo sumptu "vestibus secularibus et honestis ad præsens ornet, et ad amicos suos chariores cum viaticis competentibus transmit"tendos curet."

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The first doubt is this, whether such persons only shall be dimissed of their religion as were professed under twenty years of age, and be now under twenty-four, or else both they that be now under twenty-four, though they were professed after twenty, and also they that were professed under twenty, though they be now above twenty-four. The second doubt is, where the Prior is commanded to apparel those that shall be dimissed in secular habits, and to send them unto their chief friends upon his proper costs and charges; whether he shall take from them their wages, and such money and stuff as they have given them by their

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[This article does not appear in the Injunctions to Monasteries printed by Burnet, Ref. vol. 1. b. iii. No. 2, from the Cotton Library. The following is the only direction which is there given on this point. "Also, that no man be suffered to profess, or to wear the habit of religion in this house, ere he be twenty-four years of age complete; and that "they entice nor allure no man with suasions and blandishments to "take the religion upon him." But there is a provision at the end of the document, for adding" other spiritual injunctions, as the place and "nature of the comperts shall require."]

friends, or spared of their wages, or that he shall take all
manner of things from them, and send them to their friends
with only their apparel and necessary expenses. Whatso-
ever interpretation you shall give hereunto, I shall see it put
in execution, desiring you that I may be certified of your
mind by this bearer. Thus our Lord preserve you in health.
At Canterbury, the 18th day of November. [1535.]
Your assured ever,

To the Right Worshipful and my special friend Master Secretary.

T. Cantuarien.

CLXIII. TO CRUMWELL.

Chapter

House,

ster;

Corres

pondence.

Holo

graph.

After most hearty commendations: this shall be to signify MSS. unto you, that my servant Kylligrewe showed me that your Hot, mind was, I should send unto you one of my servants whom WestminI trusted as myself, by whom you might communicate unto Crumwell's me mind in certain things which your have to say unto you me. And to satisfy your mind herein I have sent unto you Original, my chaplain Master Champion', who hath a head able to receive all that you put into it, and he is of that trust, that whatsoever you shall say unto him, you may impute it said only unto myself. By him also I have sent letters to be delivered unto the King's Highness by you or by him, as you shall think good. Thus Almighty God have you alway in his preservation. From Forde, the 22nd day of November. Your assured ever,

r

To mine especial good friend Master
Crumwell, chief Secretary unto

the King's Highness.

T. Cantuarien.

[See respecting Champion, Letters CXLVII. CLXVII. CCXXVIII, note. CCXXXIX. But nothing can prove the high place which he held in the Archbishop's esteem more thoroughly than the expressions here applied to him. On the foundation of the new Chapter at Canterbury, in April 1542, he became one of the first prebendaries, but died shortly afterwards. At his burial, "Rafe, the bell-ringer of Christ Church, poured hot coals on him in his grave, to the great slander of the said "Dr. Champion, as though he had been an heretic worthy burning." Strype, Cranmer, p. 102. Le Neve, Fasti.]

Cott. MSS.
Vespasian,
F. XIII.

fol. 79. b.

CLXIV. TO CRUMWELL.

Right Worshipful, in my right hearty manner I commend me unto you: likewise thanking you for the good favour which ye bear to this bearer Doctor Mallets, my chaplain, declaring your benevolence to him in his preferment unto the Mastership of Mychel Houset in Cambridge, for the which your goodness, as I well perceive, he is right sorry that he is not of ability payrtly to recompense the same; howbeit I beseech you therein to accept his good mind and heart, which I know he beareth to you unfeignedly, reknowledging thankfully your favourable mind declared effectuously to his preferment.

And where it is appointed by the King's Grace's Visitation", that he should bring up to you or yours all manner statutes, muniments, and writings, that appertaineth unto his College and to the foundation thereof, before Candlemas next, I pray you, inasmuch as I have occupied him here in preaching within my diocese all this quarter last past, and have appointed him to preach at Paul's Cross the Sunday immediately before Candlemas, that you will give him liberty

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[Francis Mallet succeeded Nicholas Wilson as Master of Michael House in 1533. He was Vice Chancellor in 1536 and 1540. He is said by Fuller to be the same Dr. Mallet, who as chaplain to the Princess Mary was imprisoned for saying mass under Edward VI, and was afterwards preferred by her to the Deanery of Lincoln. Respecting his subscription to the Articles of 1562, see Strype, Annals, vol. i; and Lamb, Historical Account of the XXXIX. Articles, p. 21.]

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[In 1546, Hen. VIII. "seized Michael House into his hands; and King's Hall, the best landed foundation in the University; also he "took Fistewick's Hostle, an house unendowed. Of these three he 66 compounded one fair college, dedicating it to the holy and undivided “Trinity, and endowing it with plentiful revenues." Fuller, History of Cambridge.]

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[Dr. Legh, as deputy to Crumwell, visited Cambridge the 22nd of Oct. 1535. "In obedience to his injunctions, the whole University be"fore Candlemas Day next ensuing, surrendered to the King all their " charters, donations, statutes, popes' bulls, and papistical muniments, "with an exact rental of their lands, and inventory of their goods. The "Vice Chancellor and Senior Proctor went up to London and deliver"ed them to Secretary Crumwell, Chancellor of the University." In his custody"they slept well nigh a whole year," when "it was thought "fit to restore them again, without the loss of a shoe-latchet." Fuller, Hist. of Cambridge.]

till a fortnight after Candlemas day. And by that time he shall be ready to accomplish his injunction in that behalf. Over this, I heartily desire you to be so good unto him, as to hear him and favour his reasonable request, in a matter concerning not only his College but also the quietness of the whole University; which thing if you stay not, he fears shall turn both to the hinderance of that good order which he hath already set in his own House, and also to the disquietness of the University. Thus heartily fare ye well. At Knolle, the xviiith day of Januarii. [1536.]

Your own assured ever,

T. Cantuarien.

CLXV. To KING HENRY VIII.

ster.

Please it your most noble Grace to be advertised, that upon MSS. Friday last passed, one called John Millis of Chevenyng, House, Chapter opened a book in the church, wherein he found this schedule Westminwhich I send now unto your Grace herein enclosed, in the Original. which is written "Rex tanquam tyrannus opprimit popu"lum suum." Then the said John Milles called two or three of his neighbours unto him, and consulted whose hand the said writing should be of, but they could not divine who did write it; howbeit they suspect one Sir Thomas Baschurche*, priest, sometime secretary unto the Bishop of Canterbury my predecessor, whom I suppose your Grace doth know. This same day in the morning, the said Sir Thomas of his own mind came unto the foresaid John Myles, and confessed the same schedule to be of his making and writing.

Here I have showed unto your Grace the said Sir Thomas' fact and his confession, according as by mine allegiance and oath I am bounden. If it please the same to hear also some of his qualities, I shall inform your Grace, partly as I know, and partly as I am informed.

At April next coming it shall be three years since the said Sir Thomas fell into despair, and thereby into a sick* [See Letter XXXVII.]

ness, so that he was in peril of death. Of his sickness within a quarter of a year after he recovered, but of his despair he never yet recovered, but saith he is assured that he shall be perpetually damned. My chaplains and divers other learned men have reasoned with him, but no man can bring him in other opinion, but that he, like unto Esau, was created unto damnation; and hath divers times and sundry ways attempted to kill himself, but by diligent looking unto he hath hitherto been preservedy. A little before Christmas last, as I am credibly informed by honest men of the same parish, a priest deceived him of twenty nobles, and ever since he hath been much worse than ever he was before; so that upon St. Thomas' Day in Christmas he had almost hanged himself with his own tippet, and said to certain persons the same day, as soon as high mass was done he would proclaim your Grace a traitor, which nevertheless he did not. And within this ten or twelve days he had almost slain himself with a pen knife. And this same day in the morning when he confessed the foresaid schedule to be made and written by him, John Mylles said unto him, that he supposed your Grace would pardon his offence considering what case he was in. Then he in a rage said, ‘If I cannot be rid this way, I shall be rid an' other way.'

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Now have I declared unto your Grace as well the fact, as the state and condition of the said Sir Thomas Baschurche, that your Grace may order him after your most gracious pleasure, whereof I beseech your Grace that I may be ascertained by this bearer my chaplain.

I was purposed this week according to my duties to have waited upon your Grace, but I am so vexed with a catarrh and a rheum in my head, that not only it should be dangerous unto me, but also noisome unto your Grace, by reason of extreme coughing and excreations which I cannot eschew. As soon as I shall be delivered hereof, I shall attend upon your Highness, by the grace of Almighty God;

[Thus far this Letter has been printed by Mr. Todd, Life of Cranm. vol. i. p. 200.]

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