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therein expressed, touching the speedy and diligent declaration and setting forth of the King's Grace's title and style of Supreme Head in earth, immediately under God, of the Church of England, at such times and in all such places, as be in the same the King's most honourable letters at length limited and assigned. Wherein I intend (God willing) to satisfy the King's Grace's express commandment in every point to the most of my power, according to my bounden duty, as speedily as I may, praying you to advertise me by this bearer, or otherwise as you shall think good, of your mind and resolution touching such doubts, as the same shall open unto you on my behalf, concerning some of the contents of the King's Grace's said letters. Thus our Lord have you in his tuition. At Lambeth, the ivth day of June. [1535.]

Your assured ever,,

Thomas Cantuarien.



Right Worshipful, in my right hearty wise I commend Mss. me to you. And so here send unto you as well the priest, Chapter House, which in reading of the Act concerning the tenth part of Westminthe spiritualty, bid avengeance on the King and all those Crumwell's that assented to the making of that Act; as also the woman Correswhich said, that since this new Queen was made, there was Original. never so much pilling and polling in this realm, asking avengeance also upon her. Thus fare you well. At Lambeth, the 7th day of June.

Your own assured ever,

To the Right Worshipful and my very

singular and especial friend Mas

ter Secretary.

Thomas Cantuar.

9 [The Act meant seems to be Stat. 26. Hen. VIII. c. 3. for giving the first fruits and tenths to the King, which was passed in the Session beginning the 3rd of Nov. 1534. If so, this Letter must have been written in 1535, and not as Mr. Todd places it, in 1534. Todd, Life of Cranmer, vol. i. p. 109.]





Right Worshipful Master Secretary, in my most hearty Chapter wise I commend me unto you. And where I have sued Westmin- unto the King's Highness, and obtained of the same his Crumwell's Grace's letters unto the Mayor of London, in the favour of Corres- a servant of mine named James Arnold, for his preferment pondence. Original. unto the room of the sword bearership of London, when it


shall happen next to be vacant; I most heartily desire you, (insomuch as my said servant hath in the parties beyond the seas, taken great pains, both with me, Mr. Aliote1, and with Master Hethes in the King's service) that you will not alonely be good master unto him, in the despatching of the King's Grace's said letters, but also at this my request and instance, to write your favourable letters unto my said Lord Mayor of Londont, for the better furtherance of his suit. Wherein ye shall not alonely show unto me singular pleasure, but also bind my said servant thereby, to be both at your commandment, and also to pray for your long prosperity. Thus our Lord have you in his preservation. At Otteforde, the last day of June. [1535.]


Your own assured,

To the Right Worshipful and my

singular good friend Master Se-

Thomas Cantuar.

[Probably the excellent and learned Sir Thomas Elyot, who was one of the ambassadors to the Pope in 1532. See Letter CLXXV; Strype, Memorials, vol. i. p. 222, &c.]

$ [See Letter LXXXIX.]

See Letter CLXXV; from which it appears that the person applied to was Sir John Champneis, Lord Mayor A. D. 1534. Nothing seems to be recorded of him, excepting that "he builded in his house an high "tower of brick, the first that ever I heard of in any private man's "house, to overlook his neighbours in this city. But this delight of his

eye was punished with blindness some years before his death." Stow, Survey of London, pp. 137. 581.]


unto you.




Right Worshipful, in most hearty wise I commend me MSS. And forasmuch as at my late request you House, were content to accept Mr. Newman" into your service; I Westminhere send him unto you now, for his further advertisement Crumwell's of your pleasure in that behalf, not doubting but that you pondence. shall be sure both to have of him a right honest and faithful Original. servant, and also no less diligent service. And therefore I beseech you, and that the rather at this mine instance, to be his special good master. Thus heartily fare you well. At Lambeth, the 12th day of July.

Your own assured ever,

To the Right Worshipful and my singular good friend Master Secretary.

T. Cantuarien.




Right Worshipful Master Secretary, most heartily I have MSS. me commended unto you: and by this bearer I have sent Chapter you herewith enclosed two letters, one superscribed unto my Westminlord of Wylshire, and the other unto me; which letters I Crumwell's have sent with expedition unto you, because they concern Correspondence. as well you as words of treason unto the King, which trea- Original, son I pray you to detect unto the King's Highness, which HoloI am most sure you would do, although I required you to the contrary. Moreover I understand the Priory of Worcester shall be shortly void; which if it so be, I pray you be good master unto Mr. Holbech, Doctor of Divinity, of the

"[See Letters IV. V LXIV. LXXVIII. It would seem that Crumwell, not having procured for Newman the preferment which he desired, took him into his own service.]


* [Henry Holbech, alias Rands, is said by Willis to have been Prior of the Black Canons at Cambridge, and to have succeeded to the Priory of Worcester on the resignation of More, the 13th of March 1536. He became Bishop Suffragan of Bristol, the 24th of March 1538; Dean of


house of Crowlande, or else to Dane Richard Gorton, Bache-
lor of Divinity, of the house of Burton-upon-Trent. And
if the Priorship of Worcester shall not be vacant, yet I pray
you be good master unto these two, when you shall find
places meet for them; for I know no religious men in Eng-
lande of that habit that be of better learning, judgment, con-
versation, and all qualities meet for an head and master of
an house.
Thus our Lord have you ever in his preserva-
tion. From Oteforth, upon the day of the Assumption of our
Lady. [15 Aug. 1535.]

Your own ever assured,

T. Cantuarien.

To mine especial good friend Master

Secretary unto the King's High




ster; Crum

ence. Ori



Right Worshipful, in my most hearty wise I commend Chapter me unto you. And whereas among other of the King's doWestmin- minions, within this his realm, there is no part (in my opiwell's Cor- nion) that more needeth good instruction of the word of respond- God, or aid of learned curates to be resident, than doth the town and marches of Calice, considering specially, not Todd, Life alonely the great ignorance and blindness as well of the of Cranheads now resident there, as of the common and vulgar people, in the doctrine and knowledge of Scripture, but also having respect unto the universal concourse of aliens and strangers, which daily diverteth and resorteth thither, I think that it will no less be a charitable and godly deed than a singular commodity for this realm, to have in those parties at the least two learned persons planted and settled there by the King's authority in some honest living, whose sincerity in conversation of living and teaching, shall shortly

mer, vol. i. p. 137.


Worcester, the 18th of Jan. 1540; Bishop of Rochester, the 3rd of May 1544; and Bishop of Lincoln, the 9th of August 1547. He was a true "favourer of the Gospel, and made much use of in the reforming and "settling of the Church." Strype, Memorials, vol. ii. p. 462.]

(no doubt) clearly extinct and extirpate all manner of hypocrisy, false faith, and blindness of God and his word, wherein now the inhabitants there be altogether wrapt, to the no little slander (I fear me) of this realm, and prejudice of the good and laudable Acts y lately conceived by the King's Grace and his high Court of Parliament; which thing to reform lieth much in you, in case you will but move the King's Highness, (forasmuch as the collations of the benefices there belongeth unto his Grace,) to give them as they fall, unto such men as be both able and willing to do God and his Grace acceptable service in discharging of their


In consideration hereof, and inasmuch as I am advertised that the parsonage of St. Peter's besides Calice, is like shortly to be void, and in the King's Grace's disposition, I beseech you either to obtain the same for Master Garret 2, whose learning and conversation is known to be right good and honest, or else for some other as is so able and willing to discharge the same as he is. Wherein I assure you that you shall accomplish a right meritorious deed before God, and deserve condign thanks hereafter of your prince for promoting of so great a commodity for his realm.

And whereas I am informed, that the Curate of St. Mary's within Calice, intendeth to make suit unto you for the said benefice; I pray you not to regard his suit, for I know that he is nothing meet for that room, specially in this world of reformation.

Over this I beseech you to be good master unto this bearer, Henry Turney, for, as I perceive, his matters be so grievously taken and borne against him, that without your only aid and help he is like to lose his living. Surely I do much marvel of his uncharitable handling, if it be none

[Namely, the various Acts against the authority of the Pope, passed in the Sessions of January and of November 1534. See Letters CXXVIII. CXLV. CL. CLI. Burnet, Ref. vol. i. p. 291. 318.]

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[Thomas Garret or Gerrard, "a forward and busy Lutheran," suffered with Barnes and Jerom under the Act of the Six Articles, at the same time that three papists were executed for denying the King's supremacy. For an interesting account of his troubles in Oxford in 1526, by his friend Anthony Dalaber, see Foxe, Acts, &c. vol. ii. p. 522.]

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