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the Archdeacon of Canterbury a, concerning the said Doctor Benger, which I thought expedient to send unto you with speed: the words of the letter were these:


"Upon St. Matthew's even last past, the said Doctor "Benger being at my table, affirmed the authority of the Bishop of Rome; and after many arguments and reasons "he said, "These new laws may be suffered for a season, "but in time to come, it will cost broken heads, and set "men together by the ears; and then I said, Master "Doctor, take heed what you say, for I am sworn to the "King's Grace, and neither may nor will conceal any thing "contrary to his Majesty,' who answered again, and said,

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I mean not here, but somewhere else out of this realm.' These words the Archdeacon writeth, but who was else present and heard the same he writeth not, wherefore I have sent unto him for the whole process of their communication to be sent in writing, with the seals of them that were present b.

This day my lord of Wilshire, my lord of Burgavenny, and my lord Cobham, were with me at Knoll, to counsel together of the King's commissions concerning the subsidy c, directed unto us with many other, and we have appointed the Tuesday after Palm Sunday for all the commissioners to meet at Madeston, at 9 of the clock in the

morning. And forasmuch as the same persons be in another commission, concerning the valuation of the tenth and first fruits of the clergy, except viii that be altered, I have therefore sent for those viii to be also at Maideston the same time appointed, that under one journey we may finish two


[Edmund Cranmer, Archdeacon of Canterbury, and Provost of Wingham. See Letter LXXVI. note.]

[The depositions of these persons are still preserved in the Chapter House. They confirm the Archdeacon's statement, and moreover assert Dr. Benger to have declared, "that by what authority we denied "the Pope, by the same authority he would deny the Scripture, and say "that Christ is not yet born: saying that he would abide by the same."] [The Act for the subsidy, (26 Hen. VIII. c. 19,) and the Act for the valuation of the tenths, &c. (26 Hen. VIII. c. 3.) were both passed in the session which began the 3d of Nov. 1534. See Statutes of the Realm ; Burn. Ref. vol. i. p. 320; Strype, Memorials, vol. i. p. 211.]


labours; and because that ye be in both the commissions, I pray you that I may know your pleasure, whether ye will be there, as I suppose ye cannot, or else, if you have any thing to advertise us of, that you would have done there. Thus our Lord preserve you. At Knoll, the 14th day of March. [1535.]

Your own assured ever,

To the Right Worshipful and my very

special friend Master Secretary.

Thomas Cantuar.

Harl. MSS.


Sister, in my right hearty wise I commend me unto you : 6148. f. 50. signifying to you, that I have appointed one Mistress Creked to come to you within these iii or iiii days, late wife unto one of my servants deceased. And forasmuch as she was left very bare, and in great necessity and need, void now of all aid, succour, and friendship, and also hitherto brought up both wealthily and after an honest sort and manner, and so the rather unmeet either to serve or labour for her living, I am minded to see her to have both an honest living, and honestly bestowed; wherefore I require you, that with all favour you will entreat and entertain her when she shall resort unto you, and I myself will see you contented for her board. Over this, you must be content to forbear your chaplain Mr. Rix. My lord of Wilteshere, notwithstanding my many persuasions to the contrary, is so importunate for him, that he will not have no nay; insomuch that his mind is, that he come tomorrow sennight, which is Tuesday, unto Maideston, and so thence to depart with him home for altogethers. I pray you therefore that you will discharge him against the same day, so that he shall not need to rejourney again to you.

[Probably the widow of Cranmer's servant John Creke. See Letters XVIII. XXXVII. LXXVI. LXXX.]


I commend me to you. These be to signify to you, that Harl. MSS. my lord of Wilteshere is fully determined, notwithstanding fol. 50. b. any manner suit or insinuation to the contrary, to have you abide with him in his household; insomuch, that he willed me on Passion Sunday last to send you word, that you fail not to meet with him at Madstone on Tuesday come sennight, from whence you must depart with him; and therefore against that time see that you be in such a readiness, as you need not to rejourney again, but to accomplish his mind and pleasure with all your endeavour accordingly.




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Right Worshipful, in my most hearty wise I commend MSS. me to you. And whereas I am informed, that upon suit to you made, you have of late directed your letters to the WestminMaster and Fellows of Jesus College of Cambridge, mov- well's Coring them, forasmuch as you were informed that certain se- respondditious persons should trouble the quiet possession of a ginal. farmer of theirs, lately having interest in a certain farm belonging to the said College, to signify to you their names, to the intent you might see a reformation in that behalf; I most heartily require you, that in this matter you will suspend your judgment, and repel all manner information and suit made to you herein, until such time that I myself shall farther commune with you for the same; which, God willing, I intend shall be shortly, as well to have communication with you of St. Stephen's, as also to do my duty to the King's Highness and the Queen, whom of long I have not seen. Thus our Lord long preserve you in health. At Otteforde, the 6th day of April.

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MSS. Right Worshipful, in my most hearty wise I commend Chapter me unto you. And whereas I understand, that amongst House, Westmin- other persons attainted of high treason, the f Prior of Axwell's Cor. holme, named Webster, and Master Raynold of Syon, be respond- judged according to the law, for offending against the late ginal. Acts of Parliament made for the suppressing of the usurped

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power of the Bishop of Rome; surely I do much marvel of them both, specially of Mr. Raynold, having such sight in Scriptures and Doctors, and also of the other, which promised me that he would never meddle for the defence of that opinion; much pitying me that such men should suffer with so ignorant judgments, and if there be none other offence laid against them than this one, it will be much more for the conversion of all the fauters hereof, after mine opinion, that their consciences may be clearly averted from the same by communication of sincere doctrine, and so they to publish it likewise to the world, than by the justice of the law to suffer in such ignorance. And if it would please


[Augustine Webster, Prior of the Charter House in the Isle of Axholme, Richard Raynold, a monk of Sion, John Houghton, Prior of the Charter House London, Robert Lawrence, Prior of Beauvale, and John Haile, Vicar of Thistleworth, were all condemned for treason on the 29th of April 1535. The jury, it is said, were unwilling to bring in such holy persons guilty as malefactors, and at last did not give their verdict, till they were overawed by the threats of Crumwell in person. After this interference it is not to be wondered at, that the intercession of Cranmer was disregarded. All the five were executed at Tyburn on the 4th of May. Houghton and Raynold in particular, "were of celebrated fame for their piety: of the former, Crumwell "himself in the Chapter house of his Convent said before a great many, that he was a just and holy man." Strype, Memorials, vol. i. p. 197, who gives an affecting account of their sufferings from Hist. Mart. Angl. See also Stow, Annals; Burnet, Ref. vol. i. p. 704.]


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[The Statute 28 Hen. VIII. c. 10. for " the extirpation of the Bishop of Rome's authority" was not passed till 1536. The Act therefore to which Cranmer here alludes must be 26 Hen. VIII. c. 13, "For the expositions of certain treasons;" by which it was made treason to "practise to deprive the King of the dignity, title, or name of his royal estate." As one of his titles by a former Statute, 26 Hen. VIII. c. 1, was "Supreme Head," all who denied his supremacy were indictable for treason. See Statutes of the Realm. The ordinary report among the common people was, that these men had combined together to kill the King. Strype, Memorials.]


the King's Highness to send them unto me, I suppose I could do very much with them in this behalf. Now whether this mine advertisement shall make as well for our Sovereign Lord the King's safeguard, and the weal of this his realm, as this justice, I remit it to your discretion and wisdom. Thus our Lord preserve you in health. At Otteforde, the xxx. day of April. [1535.]

Your own ever assured,

To my very singular and especial

friend Master Secretary.

Thomas Cantuar.


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Right Worshipful, in my most hearty wise I commend MSS. Chapter me unto you. And whereas I understand by this bearer, › House that you hitherto hath borne unto the same your favour; it Westminwill like you now, the rather for my sake, both to continue well's Corthe same, and also to show him your more ample favour in respondsuch things as now he hath to do with you, for I suppose Original. the man intendeth well; and in so doing I will be always ready to accomplish your like requests. Thus our Lord preserve you in health. At Otteforde, the 6th day of Maye. Your own ever assured, Thomas Cantuar.

To the Right Worshipful and my very singular good friend Master Secretary.


Right Worshipful, in my most hearty wise I commend Cott. me unto you: most heartily thanking you, for that you have MSS. Cleop. F. signified unto me, by my chaplain Master Champion, the 1. fol. 260. Original. complaint of the Bishop of Winchester unto the King's Highness, in two things concerning my Visitation. The one Burn. Ref. App.vol.111. b. iii. No. h [See Burnet, Ref. vol. iii. p. 200; Strype, Cranmer, p. 33.]


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