Chapters from Aristotle's Ethics
J. Murray, 1900 - 319 páginas
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Chapters from Aristotle's Ethics (Classic Reprint)
John H. Muirhead
Sin vista previa disponible - 2017
Términos y frases comunes
according action activity already appear applied Aristotle Aristotle's become body character citizens clear clearly comes common conception concerned conduct consciousness consists contrary courage definition desire difficulty direction distinction doctrine element Ethics excellence excess exercise fact faculty fall fear feeling follows friends friendship function further give Greek habit hand happiness higher highest hold human idea ideal individual kind knowledge latter less living man's mean merely mind moral Moreover nature never noble object opinion organic pain particular passage passion perfect philosophy Plato pleasant pleasure political practical present principle proper prudence question reality realize reason regard relation respect result sake seems seen sense side social soul stands suggest temperate theory things thought true truth understand virtue whole wisdom wrong
Página 307 - Hence it is evident that the state is a creation of nature, and that man is by nature a political animal. And he who by nature and not by mere accident is without a state, is either a bad man or above humanity; he is like the 'Tribeless, lawless, hearthless one...
Página 13 - So that in the first place I put for a general inclination of all mankind a perpetual and restless desire of power after power that ceaseth only in death.
Página 193 - It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied ; better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied. And if the fool, or the pig, are of a different opinion, it is because they only know their own side of the question. The other party to the comparison knows both sides.
Página 193 - Few human creatures would consent to be changed into any of the lower animals for a promise of the fullest allowance of a beast's pleasures ; no intelligent human being would consent to be a fool, no instructed person would be an ignoramus, no person of feeling and conscience would be selfish and base, even though they should be persuaded that the fool, or the dunce, or the rascal is better satisfied with his lot than they are with theirs.
Página 57 - Spite of this flesh to-day I strove, made head, gained ground upon the whole!" As the bird wings and sings, Let us cry, "All good things Are ours, nor soul helps flesh more, now, than flesh helps soul!
Página 49 - It is not growing like a tree In bulk, doth make man better be; Or standing long an oak, three hundred year, To fall a log, at last, dry, bald, and sere: A lily of a day, Is fairer far, in May, Although it fall, and die that night; It was the plant, and flower of light. In small proportions, we just beauties see: And in short measures, life may perfect be.
Página 44 - Man's Unhappiness, as I construe, comes of his Greatness; it is because there is an Infinite in him, which with all his cunning he cannot quite bury under the Finite.
Página 308 - ... which he may use for the worst ends. Wherefore, if he have not virtue, he is the most unholy and the most savage of animals, and the most full of lust and gluttony. But justice is the bond of men in states, and the administration of justice, which is the determination of what is just/ is the principle of order in political society.
Página 308 - In its horror of sensuality, it made an idol of asceticism, which has been gradually compromised away into one of legality. It holds out the hope of heaven and the threat of hell, as the appointed and appropriate motives to a virtuous life: in this falling far below the best of the ancients, and doing what lies in it to give to human morality an essentially selfish character, by disconnecting each man's feelings of duty from the interests of his fellow-creatures, except so far as a self-interested...
Página 176 - ... to two, and from two to all fair forms, and from fair forms to fair practices, and from fair practices to fair notions, until from fair notions he arrives at the notion of absolute beauty, and at last knows what the essence of beauty is. This, my dear Socrates...