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Section 64. Dissolution of incorporated academy by stockholders. 65. Suspension of operations.

66. Prohibitions.

67. Unlawful acts in respect to examinations.

68. Powers of trustees of institutions.

69. Colleges may construct water-works and sewer sys


§ 40. Corporate name and objects. The corporation created in the year seventeen hundred and eighty-four under the name of the Regents of the university of the state of New York, is hereby continued under the name of the university of the state of New York. Its objects shall be to encourage and promote edu. cation, to visit and inspect its several institutions and departments, to distribute to or expend or administer for them such property and funds as the state may appropriate therefor or as the university may own or hold in trust or otherwise, and to perform such other duties as may be intrusted to it.

§ 41. Regents. The university shall be governed and all its corporate powers exercised by a board of regents whose members shall at all times be three more than the then existing judicial districts of the state. The regents now in office and those hereafter elected shall hold, in the order of their election, for such times that the term of one regent will expire in each year on the first day of April, and his successor shall be chosen in the second week of the preceding February, on or before the fourteenth day of such month. Such election shall be in the manner provided by law for the election of senators in congress. All vacancies, either for full or unexpired terms, shall be so filled that there shall always be in the membership of the board of regents at least one resident of each of the judicial districts. A vacancy in the office of regent for other cause than expiration of term of service shall be filled for the unexpired term by an election at the session of the legislature immediately following such vacancy, unless the legislature is in session when such vacancy occurs, in which case the vacancy shall be filled by such legislature. There shall be no "ex-officio " members of the board of regents. No person shall be at the same time a regent of the university and a trustee, president, principal or any other officer of an institution belonging to the university.

§ 42. Officers. The elective officers of the university shall be a chancellor and a vice-chancellor who shall serve without

salary, and such other officers as are deemed necessary by the regents, all of whom shall be chosen by ballot by the regents and shall hold office during their pleasure; but no election, removal or change of salary of an elective officer shall be made by less than six votes in favor thereof. Each regent and each elective officer shall, before entering on his duties, take and file with the secretary of state the oath of office required of state officers.

The chancellor shall preside at all convocations and at all meetings of the regents, and confer all degrees which they shall authorize. In his absence or inability to act, the vice-chancellor, or if he be also absent, the senior regent present, shall perform all the duties and have all the powers of the chancellor.

§ 43. Meetings and absences. The regents may provide for regular meetings, and the chancellor, or the commissioner of education, or any five regents, may at any time call a special meeting of the board of regents and fix the time and place therefor; and at least ten days' notice of every meeting shall be mailed to the usual address of each regent. If any regent shall fail to attend three consecutive meetings, without excuse accepted as satisfactory by the regents, he may be deemed to have resigned and the regents shall then report the vacancy to the legislature, which shall fill it. § 44. Quorum. Seven regents attending shall be a quorun for the transaction of business.

§ 45. Authority to take testimony. The regents, any committee thereof, the commissioner of education and any assistant commissioner of education may take testimony or hear proofs relating to their official duties, or in any matter which they mav lawfully investigate.

§ 46. Legislative power. Subject and in conformity to the constitution and laws of the state, the regents shall exercise legislative functions concerning the educational system of the state, determine its educational policies, and except as to the judicial functions of the commissioner of education establish rules for carrying into effect the laws and policies of the state, relating to education, and the powers, duties and trusts conferred or charged upon the university. But no enactment of the regents shall modify in any degree the freedom of the governing body of any seminary for the training of priests or clergymen to determine and regulate the entire course of religious, doctrinal or theological instruction to be given in such institution. No rule by which more than a majority vote shall be required for any speci

fied action by the regents shall be amended, suspended or repealed by a smaller vote than that required for action thereunder.

§ 47. General examinations, credentials and degrees. The regents may confer by diploma under their seal such honorary degrees as they may deem proper, and may establish examinations as to attainments in learning, and may award and confer suitable certificates, diplomas and degrees on persons who satisfactorily meet the requirements prescribed.

§ 48. Academic examinations. The regents shall establish in the secondary institutions of the university, examinations in studies furnishing a suitable standard of graduation therefrom and of admission to colleges, and certificates or diplomas shall be conferred by the regents on students who satisfactorily pass such examinations.

§ 49. Admission and fees. Any person shall be admitted to these examinations who shall conform to the rules and pay the fees prescribed by the regents.

§ 50. Registrations. The regents may register domestic and foreign institutions in terms of New York standards, and fix the value of degrees, diplomas and certificates issued by institutions of other states or countries and presented for entrance to schools, colleges and the professions in this state.

§ 51. Supervision of professions. Conformably to law the regents may supervise the entrance requirements to and the licensing and practice of the professions of medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, pharmacy and optometry, and also supervise the certification of nurses and public accountants.

§ 52. Extension of educational facilities. The regents may extend to the people at large increased educational opportunities and facilities, stimulate interest therein, recommend methods, designate suitable teachers and lecturers, conduct examinations and grant credentials, and otherwise organize, aid and conduct such work. And the regents, and with their approval the commissioner of education, may buy, sell, exchange and receive by will, or other gift, or on deposit, books, pictures, statuary or other sculptured work, lantern slides, apparatus, maps, globes, and any articles or collections pertaining to or useful in and to any of the departments, divisions, schools, institutions, associations or other agencies, or work, under their supervision, or control, or encouragement, and may lend or deposit any such articles. in their custody or control, when or where in their judgment

compensating educational usefulness will result therefrom; and may also, from time to time, enter into contracts desirable for carrying into effect the foregoing provisions.

§ 53. Departments and their government. The state. library and state museum shall be departments of the university, and the regents may establish such other departments and divisions therein as they shall deem useful in the discharge of their duties.

§ 54. State museum; how constituted. All scientific specimens and collections, works of art, objects of historic interest and similar property appropriate to a general museum, if owned by the state and not placed in other custody by a specific law, shall constitute the state museum, and one of its officers shall annually inspect all such property not kept in the state museum rooms, and the annual report of the museum to the legislature shall include summaries of such property, with its location, and any needed recommendations as to its safety or usefulness. The state museum shall include the work of the state geologist and paleontologist, the state botanist and the state entomologist, who, with their assistants, shall be included in the scientific staff of the state museum.

§ 55. Collections made by the staff. Any scientific collection made by a member of the museum staff during his term of office shall, unless otherwise authorized by resolution of the regents, belong to the state and form part of the state museum.

$56. Indian collection. There shall be made, as the Indian section of the state museum, as complete a collection as practicable of the historical, ethnographic and other records and relics of the Indians of the state of New York, including implements or other articles pertaining to their domestic life, agriculture, the chase, war, religion, burial and other rites or customs, or otherwise connected with the Indians of New York.

$ 57. Institutions in the university. The institutions of the university shall include all secondary and higher educational institutions which are now or may hereafter be incorporated in this state, and such other libraries, museums, institutions, schools, organizations and agencies for education as may be admitted to or incorporated by the university. The regents may exclude from such membership any institution failing to comply with law or with any rule of the university.

§ 58. Visitation and reports. The regents, or the commissioner of education, or their representatives, may visit, examine into and inspect, any institution in the university and any school or institution under the educational supervision of the state, and may require, as often as desired, duly verified reports therefrom giving such information and in such form as the regents or the commissioner of education shall prescribe. For refusal or continued neglect on the part of any institution in the university to make any report required, or for violation of any law or any rule of the university, the regents may suspend the charter or any of the rights and privileges of such institution.

$ 59. Charters. Under such name, with such number of trustees or other managers, and with such powers, privileges and duties, and subject to such limitations and restrictions in all respects as the regents may prescribe in conformity to law, they may, by an instrument under their seal and recorded in their office, incorporate any university, college, academy, library, museum, or other institution or association for the promotion of science, literature, art, history or other department of knowledge, or of education in any way, associations of teachers, students, graduates of educational institutions, and other associations whose approved purposes are, in whole or in part, of educational or cultural value deemed worthy of recognition and encouragement by the university. No institution or association which might be incorporated by the regents under this chapter shall, without their consent, be incorporated under any other general law.

§ 60. Provisional charters. On evidence satisfactory to the regents that the conditions for an absolute charter will be met within a prescribed time, they may grant a provisional charter which shall be replaced by an absolute charter when the conditions have been fully met; otherwise, after the specified time, on notice from the regents to this effect, the provisional charter shall terminate and become void and shall be surrendered to the regents. No such provisional charter shall give power to confer degrees.

§ 61. Conditions of incorporation. No institution shall be given power to confer degrees in this state unless it shall have resources of at least five hundred thousand dollars; and no institution for higher education shall be incorporated without suitable provision, approved by the regents, for educational equipment and proper maintenance. No institution shall institute or have any

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