Imágenes de páginas

tura; or, the History and Art of Chalcography and Engraving in Copper. By John Evelyn. Second edition. Lond. 1755, 8vo. 2. History of the Art of Engraving in Mezzotinto. By Dr. James Chelsum. Winchester, 1786, 8vo. 3. Tabula Melanographicæ ad celeberrimorum Pictorum Archi-Typos. By John Smith. 3 vols. fol.]


(3rd S. xii. 201, 250, 290, 296.)

I do not concur with your valued correspondent
EIRIONNACH (p. 201) in attaching so much im-
portance to the reading of "Lazars" found in the
edition of the Holy Dying of 1652 (chap. 1, sect. 3,
§3), and which he thinks so felicitous an expres-
sion. On the contrary, that of "Lazarus" given
in the edition of 1670, and subsequent ones, seems
to me to have much more life and spirit, and to
be much more in Taylor's manner, using the name
as the representative type of wretchedness and
misery. By a similar figure he just before speaks
of Moses's chair. Either reading will make very
good sense, and which is the correct text can only
be determined by a careful examination of the
different editions of the Holy Dying which came
out between 1652 and 1670, and which in all pro-
bability would show whether "Lazarus" crept in
by the printer's mistake or was substituted by
Taylor himself.
Neither can I agree with your correspondent in
his conjecture that "inconvenient" is the proper
reading in Sermon XI. (p. 466, Eden's edition.) I
see nothing in the context to call for the altera-
tion; and surely the contrast between "a con-
venient lodging-room" and "a glorious country"
is quite sufficient without its being necessary to
heighten it by changing "convenient" to "in-
convenient," for which none of the editions of the
Sermons which I have seen afford any warrant.

"As flat as the noise of the Arcadian porter (Sermon XVI. vol. iv. p. 200, Eden's edit.), though it appears to puzzle your correspondent sorely, I should have thought would have been intelligible enough to any one who remembered-and it immediately occurred to me-the line in Persius (iii. 9), which MR. GANTILLON has quoted—

"Findor, ut Arcadia pecuaria rudere credas." Arcadia was famous for its breed of asses, as any one who consults the commentators on this passage will readily learn, and their bray was no doubt sufficiently discordant. As beasts of burden they might well be styled, in Taylor's peculiar diction, porters; and, without attempting authoritatively to decide the point, it seems most probable that "the noise of the Arcadian porter," which MR. SALA expounds so facetiously, and MR. GANTIL

dian porker," without, as far as I can see, any LON would convert into "the noise of the Arcalocal propriety to justify the change, is neither I am not a proficient in music, but I should say more nor less than the bray of the Arcadian ass. that "flat is much more applicable to a bray than a grunt.


EIRIONNACH asks, what is the meaning of "Thick as the first juice of his country lard" (Sermon XVI., Eden, iv. 200.) MR. SALA replies that "lard" is clearly a misprint for " lord,” and proceeds to explain the text on that supposition. It appears to me that the meaning is obvious enough without any alteration of the text. Taylor is merely referring to lard in its fluid state, after the melting process, before it cools and settles down into a solid mass. liquid sufficiently thick to answer the terms of It is then a Taylor's simile. housekeeper is the best expositor, unless Apicius This is a point on which a good is preferred as a classical authority, whose receipt, “Laridi (i. e. lardi) coctura," may be read in his book (p. 200, edit. Amst. 1709, 12mo.)

EIRIONNACH does not make sufficient allowance for the verba ardentia which he may consider as the splendida peccata of Taylor, otherwise he would scarcely denounce such an expression as "the soul of a tyrant feeling butcheries" (Sermon XIX.) as "barbarism" of style. He must be a bolder man than I am who will venture to quarrel with the poetical figures which are one of this great writer's characteristics, and which diversify in such a gorgeous sequence his striking pages; and he must certainly be very different in point of taste to myself who can read the grand passage in which this expression occurs, and wish to alter a single syllable in it.


In Sermon XXV. EIRIONNACH thinks that "leaned " in the barb and aloes," is a misprint for "lived," but the "We leaned passage, upon rhutext requires no alteration. "We leaned upon is figuratively used for ". we were supported by." Taylor has leaned upon " in a similar sense in another part of his work, but I am unable at the moment to refer to the passage.

There can be no doubt that we yet want a well annotated and illustrated edition of Taylor, with a careful collation of the different editions of his works, and a list of the varia lectiones which would be afforded by it. In Mr. Eden's edition, the verification of the quotations, which is all very the great point attended to seems to have been well, but we want much more than that. In the meantime, and with all due respect to the correspondents of "N. & Q." who have contributed to this subject, I venture to enter my protest against conjectural alteration being so liberally applied to the received text of this Shakspeare of divines whenever the slightest apparent difficulty occurs, without such a case of negligence on the part of

the printer and author being first established as to justify the resort to what should always be considered as the last remedy when all attempts at explanation fail. JAS. CROSSLEY.

JOHN WOLCOT, M.D. (3rd S. xii. 39, 94, 151, 235.) PHILALETHES does not alter the opinion that I have come to. The work of Mr. Polwhele quoted is one of the most desultory of books, and full of twaddle. To contradict what I have stated (3rd S. xii. 151) something more is wanted than Mr. Polwhele's "we are told," and "it is said," &c. With all Mr. P.'s pretended intimacy, "we are told" (? by whom), not that Wolcot ever denied his holy orders, but that "as to his clerical pretensions he was always reserved." Mr. P.'s " recollection" amounts to mere "hearsay," which every old woman knows is no evidence. I knew a gentleman in Surrey who was a friend of Dr. Wolcot, having consulted him for ophthalmia; and he always said that the doctor was a clergyman. The late Mr. Scales always asserted the same thing. He was a most intimate friend of Pindar, and being a congenial spirit, was more likely to be well informed on such a matter than was the late Rev. Richard Polwhele. Wolcot had no great respect for "the cloth," and would more freely speak out to a facetious lay citizen of London and a bon vivant, than to a very orthodox Cornish clergyman. That Wolcot may have been sent back on his first application for ordination, is very probable; but it does not follow that such application was the only one. There is one gentleman, the Rev. Percival Burton, M.A., who, if living, can settle the dispute, as he was for some years the incumbent of the same Jamaica living that was held by Wolcot. Mr. B. was not the immediate successor of Peter Pindar, but he knows the history of the parish. I repeat my assertion that Dr. Wolcot was in "holy orders." Let PHILALETHES prove the contrary. S. JACKSON.

In Kingsbridge and Salcombe with the intermediate Estuary (by Abraham Hawkins, of Alston, Esq.), Kingsbridge, 1819, Dr. Wolcot is thus noticed in connection with his birthplace, Pindar Lodge, Dodbrooke (adjoining the town of Kingsbridge)," where his respected ancestors for many generations resided":

"... Avi numerantur avorum.'

"John Wolcot, M.D., the celebrated lyrick and satirical poet, generally known by the name of Peter Pindar, Esq., first drew his breath within the precincts of these premises. He received his education at Kingsbridge under

Mr. Burton, after he left Jamaica, was Curate of Rendlesham, Suffolk, and afterwards Chaplain to the workhouse, Bermondsey, Surrey.

a gentleman of the name of Morris, a native of Ringwood in Hampshire, and a good classical scholar, beloved and for sound learning, virtuous worth, and unassuming respected through life by all his pupils and neighbours manners. Many of the early strokes of humour and smart repartees of the facetious author of the Lousiad are still recollected by a few of the companions of his schoolhours, who yet survive [1818] in Kingsbridge and its vicinity." [Of these, Abraham Hawkins was himself


"After a course of medical studies, and obtaining the degree of doctor of physick at the University of Aberdeen, young Wolcot embarked for Jamaica with the governor, Sir William Trelawney, baronet, of Trelawney in Cornwall, as his physician. But the short time which his patron survived the appointment having annihilated his West Indian expectations, the doctor returned to England and settled at Truro,* where he practised for several years as a physician with great success. His fondness, however, for exposing to ridicule those who, perhaps, merited the lash of his satirical pen, drew him into many bickerings. Some charming songs of his were at this period set to musick with superior taste by that celebrated composer Mr. William Jackson of Exeter, and attracted notice Dr. Wolcot removed to Helstone, about seventeen miles by their exquisite sweetness and beauty. At length further towards the Land's End. It was while he resided at Truro he met with that extraordinary genius, John Opie, R.A., the celebrated painter. In the year 1780, Wolcot carried him to London, where Opie preLyrick Odes to the Royal Academicians, in which he sently got into practice; and the poetical patron, by his first assumed the title of Peter Pindar, Esq., a distant relation of the poet of Thebes, and laureate to the Royal Academy,' became as much the object of admiration for his witty invectives, † as the other for his powers in (Pp. 54-56.) giving life to the canvass."


There does not seem as if there had been time for Dr. Wolcot to have returned to England for ordination, nothing of the kind; and in the account given by Dr. and again to have gone to Jamaica. Hawkins intimates Wolcot of his clerical avocations in Jamaica (as narrated to those from whom I heard it forty years ago), though there was a sufficiently irreverent description of his congregation, &c., yet he said nothing as to his having in the interim returned to England for ordination. It may have been said that, if Sir William Trelawney had lived, he would have done so. But MR. S. JACKSON, after informing us that he has "made a search," states very explicitly that "he was ordained priest and deacon by Bishop Porteus." If so, it could have no connection with his Jamaica life; for Beilby Porteus was not made Bishop of Chester till 1776, and did not hold the see of London till 1787.

All the truth seems to be that, in the absence of a clergyman, Dr. Wolcot officiated; not so remarkable a thing on board ship, or in a colony, though it is to be wished that any who did this were not exactly of Dr. Wolcot's stamp.

Dr. Wolcot having been apprenticed to his uncle at Fowey, who was the family apothecary to the Trelawneys, was thus brought under their notice. Rather strange anecdotes used to be current as to his doings at Fowey during his apprentice days there.

On one point posterity has pretty fully agreed with Dr. Wolcot-as to his low estimate of Benjamin West as a painter. I see that a recent writer in "N. & Q." has conferred on West the dignity of knighthood-a thing which even the sovereign cannot do to a man after his decease (3rd S. xii. 104). Perhaps we shall next hear that he was an artist.

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Anacreon, Sappho, and my great old cousin ; On thee shall rising generations stare, That come to Kingsbridge and to Dodbrook fair: For such thy history and mine shall learn ; Like Alexander shall they ev'ry one Heave the deep sigh, and say, "Since Peter's gone, With rev'rence let us look upon his barn."" Though Dr. Wolcot renounced the name of Peter Pindar when adopted by Lawler, who knew how to emulate or exceed his own coarseness, yet he retained the designation in verse. Thus, in the ninth stanza of the Elegy on his Barn," he thus speaks with reference to "Justice" Hawkins: "I, too, have felt the force of Slander's tongue,


And scorned her rage, her lying prose and metre:
While HAWKINS yields a plaudit to my song,
The snakes of Envy hiss in vain at PETER."

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131, in which volume (pp. 11, 53, 72, 292, 315) the names of other prelates are adduced as among the first to lay aside the wig. I do not, however, find among them the name of Shute Barrington, Bishop of Durham, 1791-1826, whose motive for laying aside his episcopal wig is said to have been the undue heat which it caused him in summer. The admirable kneeling figure (by Chantrey) of this prince palatine, on his tomb in Durham Cathedral, represents his stately bald head uncovered. His successor, Bishop Van Mildert, wore the episcopal wig, and is so represented in his portraits and in Gibson's sitting figure on the tomb in the Nine Altars.

The mention of Bishop Barrington's motive for laying aside the wig recalls to memory the analogous circumstance that Bishop Warburton, who was a Prebend of Durham up to his death in 1779, was the first (in Durham Ĉathedral) to lay aside the use of the cope; and he did so because its high collar irritated both his skin and temper. The Copes are carefully preserved in the cathedral library; and it is remarkable that the crimson silk cope presented to the cathedral by Charles I. the head of Goliath. is adorned with the subject of David cutting off CUTHBERT BEDE.

Permit me to supplement my note on the late Archbishop of Canterbury, by saying that there is a fine portrait of him in the hall of Durham University, in which he is habited in a gown and cassock, and wearing his own hair, not a wig. He held, in conjunction with the bishopric of Chester, a golden stall in Durham Cathedral, and consequently his portrait as a prebendary found a place in the College Hall. Engravings from this are well known.

News of the World published an engraving of him Again, when Archbishop of Canterbury, the in a series of portraits presented to their subscribers, in which he is again depicted as wearing his own hair. However, many years ago, when Bishop of Chester, he confirmed me, and then certainly he wore the episcopal wig.

It would seem though, from the instances cited, that he did not much admire that portion of the episcopal dress sanctioned by the authority of custom, and laid it aside when possible. An old Etonian told me the other day that he could well recollect him acting as wicket-keeper when one of the assistants there, and wearing shorts and silks, certainly not a wicketing costume adapted to the swift bowling of the present day, but tempora OXONIENSIS.


Bushey Rectory, Watford, Herts.

Thanks to your correspondents for their communications. I regard this little chapter in the history of costume as an interesting one. However,

I still contend that Archbishop Sumner was the last to wear the episcopal wig. So late as 1859, three years before his death, with my own eyes I saw him be-wigged at the consecration of three bishops in Westminster Abbey; and I have been assured, on the very highest authority, that on all public occasions this prelate wore the wig to the last. JOSEPHUS.

Your correspondent who asserts that Archbishop Sumner was the last prelate who wore the episcopal wig is quite right, but your correspondent who affirms that he left it off when Bishop of Chester is equally correct. The fact is he left it off when Bishop of Chester, but resumed it when elevated to the archiepiscopate. I may take this opportunity of recording a curious anecdote in the history of the episcopal wig. The Bishop of Rochester (Dr. Murray) and Archbishop Howley were the only dignitaries who were accustomed to wear wigs at the time of Dr. Howley's decease. When that event took place, Dr. Murray-probably from a wish not to be peculiar as the only bishop wearing a wig-disused it, and was hardly recognised when he first appeared in the House of Lords without it. But great was the surprise of Dr. Murray when the new archbishop took his seat wearing a wig-a practice which he continued until his death, and was really the last wearer of the wig; for Dr. Murray, who resumed his wig (if I remember rightly) predeceased him by about two years. T.

JOB BEN SOLOMON (3rd S. v. 12.)-See an interesting account of this remarkable individual in the Memoir of General James Oglethorpe, recently published, pp. 81-85. E. H. A.

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ASSUMPTION OF A MOTHER'S NAME (3rd S. xii. 66, 154, 237.)-If MR. BUCKTON's assumptions are to be taken in their full breadth, I should say that all three are wrong.

1st. A married woman does not in Scotland retain her maiden name. It is true that in a legal deed she would be described both by her maiden name and that of her husband, "A, B, or C," but this is only for the sake of identification, as in subscribing the same deed her signature would be A, C. The Scotch custom in this respect appears to be very analogous to the use the French make of the word née. Among the lower classes in Scotland, and occasionally in the upper, the relatives and intimate friends of a woman use her maiden name after her marriage, but this is to a great extent a matter of accident, and is entirely colloquial. I may illustrate this by the case of two women who were both in my own service. The one, a native of the district, was always spoken of by her maiden name. The other had come with

Supposing the identity of the person established, there would be no difficulty in recovering in the cases mentioned by E.S.S. In that of an insurance office, however, it is possible to conceive circumstances in which a change of surname might be used to conceal a latent fraud, which of course would be a totally different matter.

All members of the Faculty of Advocates of my own standing will readily recollect an instance where a surname was assumed without any formality whatever, which, had the proceeding been illegal or irregular, would at one time have paralysed all important criminal prosecutions in ScotGEORGE VERE IRVING.


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ATTONE OR ATONE (3rd S. xi. 255, 403.)- The old spelling attone is doubtless a consequence of the old spelling of at with two tt's, att; and the origin of the word atone is clearly at-one, as well explained by MR. SKEAT. It is, however, to be noted that the word is no longer used in the sense in which Shakspeare and Dryden used it. We no longer speak of "atoning discord," or "atoning parties who have quarrelled;" nor do we use the verb intransitively for "to agree." It is also worthy of note, that in the two following passages of Shakspeare, Becket wrongly conjectured attune as a substitute for attone:

"I would do much

To attone them for the love I bear to Cassio."
Othello, Act IV. Sc. 1.
"He and Aufidius can no more atone
Than violentest contrariety."
Coriolanus, Act IV. Sc. 6.
QUOTATIONS (3rd S. xii. 265.)—2. The lines
MR. CROMEK inquires after are in Cowper's Task,
W. R. C.

book ii.

6. The sentence-"Happy is he whom other men's harms do make to beware," is the old translation of the Latin "Felix quem faciunt aliena pericula cautum," which is given to exemplify a rule in the old Douay Latin Grammar, but where the original is to be found I do not know.

9. The couplet


BASKERVILLE, SHENSTONE, AND SION HILL, WOLVERLEY (3rd S. xii. 219, 295.)—Of course, it is merely conjectural that the poet Shenstone had any hand in laying out the picturesque grounds of Sion Hill, Wolverley; but he may possibly have done so during Mr. Hurtle's occupation of the estate, if not in Baskerville's time; as Mr. Hurtle of Wolverley House, and Lea Castle, Wolverley was the friend and near neighbour of Mr. Knight (the estate adjoining the Sion Hill estate), where Shenstone was a frequent guest. Four years ago, in a note on the "Birth-place of Baskerville" (3rd S. iii. 403), I had shown that he was born, not at Birmingham, as stated by Derrick and


F. C. H. "The flash of that satiric rage," &c., Marmion, canto iv. stanza 7, is part of the de- others, but at Sion Hill, Wolverley, Jan. 28, 1706; scription of

"Sir David Lindesay of the Mount,
Lord Lyon King at Arms."

and that his birth-place must either have been
the old farm-house or the "Sion Hill House,"
which, as it then stood, was very different from
the fine modern mansion-house which now stands
there. Baskerville would appear not to have
gone to Birmingham until about the year 1726.
I presume that "the Old Hall at Sion Hill," men-
tioned by H. S. G., refers to the mansion-house
and not to the farm-house; though I have known
the place all my life, and never heard either of these
houses called "the Old Hall." But H. S. G. is
not correct in saying that Mr. Wade-Browne
"has recently sold a large portion of the property,
including the Old Hall": for it was sold some
twenty years ago, and purchased by the late Mr.
Samuel Hancocks of Woodfield House, Wolverley;
who, in his will, gave directions that the Sion Hill
estate should be sold when his youngest daughter

"Think not your coronet can hide
Presuming ignorance and pride,"

is from the Dedication of Gay's Fable of the
"Carrier and the Packhorse," to a young noble-
man. (Part II. Fable xi.)
F. C. H.

(3rd S. xii. 92.)-The lines beginning-
"Humility, the fairest, loveliest flower," &c.,

I have noted as an extract from Caroline Fry. I
have not means at hand to attest it, but I believe
it correct.


HAROLD'S COAT ARMOUR (3rd S. xii. 245, 271.) I am much obliged to three correspondents for their replies. Upon these I may remark, that the Muskett family is said to claim its descent from King Harold. I am not aware how this descent is made out, nor do I know who is now the representative of the family. This family bears Argent, 2 bars between six leopards' faces gules, 3, 2, 1. This somewhat resembles the atchievement as

quoted by MR. STURGEON, viz., Gules crusule
2 barres or voide dazure s Champe 6 Luperdes
testes d' le 2a 2. 2. 2., as also that given by M. D.,
viz., Gules, crusuly, az. two bars voided, between
six leopards' faces, or.
DATED SEALS (3rd S. xii. 244.)-I have a small
circular matrix of gilded steel, with a folding
handle, which bears the date 1484. The owner's
name was Stur, and the heraldic bearings are
three fishes, probably sturgeons, interlaced.


SPEKE ARMS (3rd S. xii. 262.)- MR. WOODWARD should have consulted the original license before he wrote his letter. The Exeter Gazette is in error. The grant of supporters is only for the life of Mr. William Speke. VERITAS.

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