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S.W.-A NEW EDITION of the CATALOGUE is just published, comprising the old Catalogue and Supplements incorporated into one Alphabetical List, with many additional cross References, an Index to the Collection of Tracts, and a classified Index of Subjects in one volume of 960 pages, royal 8vo. Price 108. 6d. to Members of the Library; 158. to Non-members. Terms of admission to the Library, 31. a year; 21. a year, with entrance fee of 61.; or life subscription of 261.

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On the completion of the First Series of NOTES AND QUERIES, it was suggested from many quarters, that a selection of the more curious articles scattered through the twelve volumes would be welcome to a numerous body of readers. It was said that such a selection, judiciously made, would not only add to a class of books of which we have too few in English literature, we mean books of the pleasant gossiping character of the French ANA for the amusement of the general reader, but would serve in some measure to supply the place of the entire series to those who might not possess it.

It has been determined to carry out this idea by the publication of a few small volumes, each devoted to a particular subject. The first, which was published some time since, is devoted to History: and we trust that whether the reader looks at the value of the original documents there reprinted, or the historical truths therein established, he will be disposed to address the book in the words of Cowper, so happily suggested by Mr. Peter Cunningham as the appropriate motto of NOTES AND QUERIES itself,

"By thee I might correct, erroneous oft,
The clock of History - facts and events
Timing more punctual, unrecorded facts
Recovering, and mis-stated setting right."

While on the other hand the volume, from its miscellaneous character, has, we hope, been found an acceptable addition to that pleasant class of books which Horace Walpole felicitously describes as “lounging books, books which one takes up in the gout, low spirits, ennui, or when one is waiting for company."


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"We must, on the present occasion, content ourselves with adverting briefly to the curious and minute inquiry just instituted by Mr. Thoms into this tale."-Quarterly Review.

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Spectator, June 22. "A neat little volume, in which the tale of Hannah Lightfoot and George the Third are scattered to the winds. . . . Mr. Thoms has in fifty pages-readable and well worth reading-corrected the credulities of a century's gossip, and contributed some very important historical facts."-Birmingham Journal.

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right to property in the church; secondly, by the churchwardens, who, as the permanent representatives of the parish interests, asserted that parish property appertained to them. In this state of things I was referred to, in order to ascertain what had been my purpose in sending the Album— that purpose was simply to give those who visited Byron's burying-place an opportunity of recordchre had been denied in Westminster Abbey, and ing their feelings towards one to whom a sepulto whose memory, in 1825, not even a slab had been erected. The decision arrived at was, as I have been informed, that the clergyman was the


QUERIES WITH ANSWERS: - Prior's Poems-Anonymous

William Bridge-Lace-making in England-"Father legal custos of the Album, but that the property

Tom and the Pope," 246.

was vested in the churchwardens. On a late visit to Newstead Abbey I learnt that the Album was not to be found. I understood that the rector who had charge of the Album had been in a state of mental aberration, that the Album had been sold to somebody, and was believed to have passed to the United States. Perhaps some Transatlantic newspapers may transfer to their pages the evidence that this Album has been dishonestly obtained. Whenever or wherever it may appear "Stolen Goods" should be written at the head of the first page. The writer of Byroniana thus describes




NOTES: The Byron Album, 241- Class, 242-Terræ
Filii at Oxford-The late James Telfer-Fountain In-
scriptions — A Remarkable Trio - A Strange Privilege,
QUERIES: Reginald Peacock, Bishop of Chichester,
1450-57, 243- - Anonymous
Hart House, Orpington,
Old Seals - Drinking Song- Espec-Glass-cutters' Day
Kent - Bulkely Family-Candle Queries - Dates upon

-Harold's Coat Armour- Homeric Traditions and Lan-
Pharmacopoeia Raypon
guage -
Roman Canoniza-
tions-The Sanhedrim - Somer: Stickler-Soles Family,



REPLIES:- The Irish Harp, 247- Sermons in Stones, 249
-The Dark-looking Man, 250-"Extraordinary Passage
in Jeremy Taylor, Ib.- William Byrd, 251- Mr. Hazlitt's
Hand-Book, &c., 252-Sir Andrew Mercer, Ib.- Immer-
sion in Holy Baptism-Quotation- An Old Proverb-
Literary Club - Morris Origin of Mottoes - Chalices
with Bells-Fonts other than Stone - Funeral Custom-
The Philological Society's Dictionary - Royal Authors-
William Ernle's Monument - Ben Jonson: Barnardino
-The Protesting Bishops-Alan the Steward-The Tomb
at Barbadoes- Independent German Governments-Ver-
nou Family "Never a Barrel the better Herring"
So-called Grants of Arms-Lucifer-Shekel- - Quarter-
Masters, &c. - Strange old Charter- Macaulay and the
younger Pitt-Way-gate Quotations Burying Iron
Fragments-Rev. Joseph Fletcher - Hannah Lightfoot
-Enlistment Money-Immortal Brutes -"Scandalising
a Sail," 253.

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"The Album commences with the following inscription from the pen of Dr. Bowring, by whom the book was sent to Hucknall for the purpose to which it is applied."

Neither the inscription nor my poetry that accompanied it is worth preservation; but the facts I am about to mention may be deserving of record. The Album has disappeared, and whoever may be the possessor, it should be known that it has been surreptitiously and fraudulently removed from the place of its destination.

The sexton or parish clerk, who had the keepOn his ing of the Album, died many years ago. death the Album, which had acquired a pecuniary value, was, as I am informed, claimed by his heirs. The claim was resisted-first, by the clergyman of the parish, who contended that the clerk was only a subordinate functionary, and could have no

"It a little half-bound book, much thumbed, and nearly full of names, whose numbers and quality testify the respect that has been paid to genius. I induced my friend the clerk, by what magic I shall not disclose, to give me a copy of the precious document; and a true curiosity of literature it will be found. The contents will raise a sigh for departed genius, and excite a smile at the folly of many a would-be son of fame, who, not content with simply writing his name, as did Washington Irving, Thomas Moore and others, must needs inscribe his absurd effusions in the pages of The Album. To this censure, however, there are some exceptions: in a few instances the inscriptions are graceful and modest-such offerings as kindred souls should offer at the shrine of genius.

"T. M. L."

I understand this little volume, Byroniana, is out of print.

Another case of the felonious possession of an interesting autograph document I will mention. Lord Byron sent to Sir Walter Scott from Greece a silver urn, containing ashes which he had dug up at Thermopylae. In the urn were verses commemorative of the place and the persons associated with the gift. by some visitor to the library at Abbotsford. They, too, are said to have crossed the Atlantic. Well I remember the indignation with which Sir Walter denounced "the felon, who could never exhibit his prize without proclaiming his infamy." JOHN BOWRING.

These verses were stolen

Claremont, Exeter, Sept. 19, 1867.



Expressions have been of late in frequent use which convey to my mind an unpleasant impression, and seem to me evidence of a degenerate tone of public feeling. As we have it on the authority of The Spectator, that "N. & Q." is "perhaps the one weekly newspaper which will be consulted 300 years hence" (which means that the readers of its fifty-third series will constantly have occasion to refer back to its third), I know no more suitable medium for ventilating a question of current social ethics. The expressions I allude to are compounds of the word class-e. g. "middle-class schools," ""middle-class examinations," the "working-class," the " &c. We have even heard threats-let us chariupper classes," tably hope arising only from a want of reflection as to the depth of wickedness involved in the idea-of a 66 war of classes": a thing never yet known in England, and from which may God preserve us!

When I was young, I learned in my catechism to "do my duty in the station in life to which it had pleased God to call me," but never that I belonged to a "class in life." The station of a man is determined for him by Providence, and is something personal to himself: if he does his duty in it, he may be removed to a higher. We have seen barbers' boys become Lord Chancellors; and there are those now living, surrounded by the highest esteem and honour and veneration, and enjoying all the privileges of a high "station," who began life in a much less exalted "station." These people never could have belonged to a "class": if they had, they must have risen or fallen with the aggregate of their body, and been lost in its numbers.

We used to think that our common heritage of being Englishmen bore down all other distinctions, and that the power of advancement was denied to men of no station. It is curious that the expressions I complain of are most frequently employed by those who ought to consider them the most disparaging. They are working-men mainly and those whom I think their very mistaken advisers-who talk of banding together as a "class."

I do not stay to remark upon the logical inaccuracy of some of the phrases I have quoted. I merely wish to point out the unwholesome implication that underlies them: viz. that there is, either in the eye of the law or in point of fact, any broad distinction between us other than the station in which our own merit or the will of Providence has individually placed each. I shall be pleased to receive from other contributors either a confirmation or a correction of these



[3rd S. XII. SEPT. 28, '67.


Terra Filii seem to have been appointed, and
- Years in which
were always Masters of Arts):
names of such Terra Filii as are known. (They
1591. John Hoskins, New (Fellow).
1611. Richard Brathwait, Òriel.
1631. Masters, Oriel.
1651. Thomas Careles, Balliol.
William Levinz, St. John's.

1655. Robert Whitehall, Ch. Ch. (Student.)
John Glendall, B.N.C. (Fellow.)
165-. Daniel [Danvers], Trinity.
1658. Thomas Pittis, Lincoln and Trinity.
Lancelot Addison, Queen's.

1659. Robert South.
1661. Robert Field, Trinity.
1664. [See Wood's Modius Salium].
1671. [Wm.] Rotheram, Ch. Ch.
1673. John Shirley, Trinity.
1681. John More, Merton.
1682. John Bowles, New.

James Allestree, Ch. Ch.
1693. Henry Alworth, Ch. Ch.
Henry Smith, Ch. Ch.
1703. Henry Robert]s, Magd. H.
Robert Turner, Wadham.
1704. [See an Act at Oxford].
1709. See Tatler, 45].
1713. Robert Robery, Ch. Ch.

1720. [See Amherst's Terra Filius, pref.]
1733. See Gentleman's Magazine].
1763. A spurious T. F. announced].

list be made of Prævaricators?
Additions and corrections acceptable. Can a


RICARDUS FREDERICI. see a biographical notice of this poet. He holds I should like to first made his debut in the Newcastle Magazine. a high rank amongst modern ballad-writers. He He was also one of the contributors to the Scotch Whistle Binkie. His "Gloamynge Bughte" was Richardson, as was also "Our Ladye's Girdle." inserted in the Border Historian's Table-Book of The last-named ballad is also to be found in Mr. who was a schoolmaster, was a friend of Sir W. Scott, and he has been accused of writing some J. S. Moore's very valuable selection. Telfer, old ballads for the Border Minstrelsy. Mr. Telfer, in the only communication that ever passed bequite wrong; when the Border Minstrelsy was thus alluded to the report: "You are dressed me, because I had given credence and circulation to the report, not knowing the age of published, I was only eight years old!" He adMr. Telfer. One of Mr. Telfer's earliest ballads is the "Kerlyne's Brock." The "brock" is something very different to the insect that produces the "cuckoo spit" (3rd S. xii. 89). It is a small animal of the pole-cat tribe, that emits a very fetid odour. It is also called the "skunk." The poor beast has numerous enemies, from whom it is often obliged to run, hence the proverb, "sweat

tween us,

[1 S. x. 10 2nd S. ii. 377.]

like a brock." The vulgar idea is, that the bad odour is caused by the sweat; so that the proverb may have a very offensive application. J. H. DIXON.


Sentences from

Scripture are the best: "Whoso drinketh of this water shall thirst again; but whoso drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst." "Jesus" is an inscription I have met with in Italy. Where Scripture phraseology is employed, I would have the sentence in Latin as well as English; for the former always using the Vulgate. While wandering in the Tuscan Apennines, I met with a quatrain inscribed above a fountain, of which the following is a very literal rendering:

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"Narcissus fell in love, we're told, With his sweet face in days of old; Not many who come here can make So sad, so fatal a mistake!"


I do not advise such a legend. The Italian poet must have been a very ungallant personage,

and not one of those —

"... brave who deserve the fair," i. e. in the French sense of "brave"!

S. JACKSON. A REMARKABLE TRIO.-Forty years ago, as the journal states, three young Englishmen were travelling in the United States, and, when in Boston, dined with the late Hon. Harrison Gray Otis, who was a distinguished citizen in that well-known town. I can distinctly remember Mr. Otis and his beautiful house in Beacon Street, in which he then resided. The Hon. Mr. Stanley (the present Earl Derby), Henry Labouchere, Esq., and the Right Hon. John Evelyn Denison-all of whom are still living, and have held such prominent positions in English history-are the gentlemen to whom I refer, and would doubtless recollect the dinner party were this note to come under their observation. W. W.


A STRANGE PRIVILEGE. - Bachaumont's Mémoires Secrets, in twenty-six volumes, 1762-1787, and abridged by P. L. Jacob, bibliophile (Paul Lacroix), in 1859, record a woman who, having in 1765 failed to obtain a separation from her husband by the Cour Matrimoniale, appeared as a ballet-dancer in the Parisian Opera House, and thereby defeated the judgment of the court. La Croix adds, but without comment, the following note by the editor of the original work-M. Ravenel :

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The date of Bishop Peacock's death does not appear to be recorded even in the life appended to The Repressor of the Overmuch Blaming of the Clergy,- -a work published for the first time in 1860 among the series of histories issued under the auspices of the Master of the Rolls, and edited by C. Babington, B.D., Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, but which unfortunately I do assumption. Reginald Peacock, or Pecock, was not possess, although, I think, I am correct in my Asaph in North Wales, educated at Oriel Colborn about the year 1395, somewhere near St. lege, Oxford, of which he was elected a Fellow in October, 1417; ordained deacon and priest, 1420, by Bishop Fleming of Lincoln; and took his degree of Bachelor of Divinity at the University of Oxford, 1425; elected Master of the College of St. Spirit and St. Mary, and also appointed rector of the parish church of St. Michael de Riola (now St. Michael Royal, in Tower Royal), in Vintry Ward, City of London, July 19, 1431; nominated Bishop of St. Asaph (his native see) by provision of Pope Eugene IV. on April 22, 1444; the temporalities were restored to him on June 8 following (Pat. 22 Hen. VI. p. 2, m. 11), and he was consecrated at Croydon on Sunday the 14th of the same month by Archbishop Stafford of Canterbury, assisted by the Bishops of Rochester (Low, his predecessor in St. Asaph), of Norwich (Brown), of Bath (Beckington), and of Ross in Ireland (Richard -), then acting as a suffragan of Canterbury, and a prelate unnoticed by either Ware or Cotton, probably as non-resident, and merely titular Bishop of Ross. He was Dean of Shoreham in Sussex, 1453; Rector of Saltwood in Kent, 1455; and died 1465, having been consecrated, antè 1434, as Epis. Rossen. (Regist. Stafford. fol. 15.)

He gave offence by a sermon which he preached in 1447 at St. Paul's Cross in London, but having explained the meaning of his doctrines, he made his peace with the ecclesiastical authorities for the time. By bull of Pope Nicolas V., dated March 23, 1450, he was translated from St. Asaph to the bishopric of Chichester; made his profession of obedience at Leicester on the 31st of that

month (Reg. Stafford. fol. 35), and received the temporalities of the see on May 30 following. (Pat. 28 Hen. VI. p. 2, m. 16.) Bishop Peacock, in obedience to a mandate issued by Archbishop Bouchier of Canterbury in October, 1457, was summoned to appear before a synod of bishops at Lambeth; and having been (though unjustly) convicted of heretical writings, was deprived of his bishopric on December 3 or 4 following. It is not certain whether any form of degradation

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