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The World Court
Vol. V, No. 1. Published monthly, $2 a year, by The World's Court League, Inc.,
。 TABLE OF CONTENTS, JANUARY, 1919
PRESIDENT WILSON SPEAKS IN FRANCE, ENGLAND AND ITALY
PERSIA AT THE PEACE CONFERENCE.
By Edward L. Conn, Washington Correspondent
THE UNSOLVED CZECHO-SLOVAK ARMY PROBLEM.
POLITICAL AND MORAL BASES, Philip Van Ness Myers; OPPORTUNITY FOR
HUMANITARIAN AND DEMOCRATIC ECONOMICS, Irving Fisher; Gradual De-
VELOPMENT, Charles Grove Haines; CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR, Francis E.
WORLD COURT LEAGUE WORK FOR A LEAGUE OF NATIONS
CABLEGRAM TO PRESIDENT WILSON AND HIS REPLY. LUNCHEON SPEECHES BY
SAMUEL T. DUTTON, THEODORE MARBURG, SIMEON E. BALDWIN, JAMES L.
BARTON, CHARLES F. AKED AND OTHERS
WORLD COURT LEAGUE INTEREST IN A LEAGUE OF NATIONS 53
MEMBERS AT THE PEACE CONFERENCE. LETTERS FROM ARthur Capper, J. H.
RALSTON, MARY E. WOOLLEY, J. C. PRITCHARD, EDMUND J. JAMES, EDWARD
We believe it to be desirable that a League among Nations should be organized for the following purposes:
1. A World Court, in general similar to the Court of Arbitral Justice already agreed upon at the Second Hague Conference, should be, as soon as possible, established as an International Court of Justice, representing the Nations of the World and, subject to the limitations of treaties, empowered to assume jurisdiction over international questions in dispute that are justiciable in character and that are not settled by negotiation.
2. All other international controversies not settled by negotiation should be referred to the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague, or submitted to an International Council of Conciliation, or Commissions of Inquiry, for hearing, consideration and recommendation.
3. Soon after peace is declared, there should be held either "a conference of all great Governments," as described in the United States Naval Appropriation Act of 1916, or a similar assembly, formally designated as the Third Hague Conference, and the sessions of such international conferences should become permanently periodic, at shorter intervals than formerly.
Such conference or conferences should
(a) formulate and adopt plans for the establishment of a World Court and an International Council of Conciliation, and
(b) from time to time formulate and codify rules of international
law to govern in the decisions of the World Court in all cases, except those involving any constituent State which has within the fixed period signified its dissent.
4. In connection with the establishment of automatically periodic sessions of an International Conference, the constituent Governments should establish a Permanent Continuation Committee of the conference, with such administrative powers as may be delegated to it by the conference.
I desire to become a member of The World's Court League and receive the WORLD COURT MAGAZINE for one year, for which I enclose Two Dollars.
THE WORLD'S COURT LEAGUE, INC.
Educational Building, New York
OCT 8 1923
President of the League
CHARLES LATHROP PACK
President of the International Council President of the National Advisory Board NICHOLAS MURRAY BUTLER
Mrs. John Hays Hammond
ROBERT UNDERWOOD JOHNSON
Miss Mabel T. Boardman
John Hays Hammond Charles Nagel Charles B. Warren
D. D. WOODMANSEE
James Brown Scott
James A. Patten
Louis L. Seaman
Secretary of the Board of Governors
Associate Members Executive Committee
Frank L. Babbott Nehemiah Boynton George W. Kirchwey Walter L. McCorkle
W. B. Millar
SAMUEL T. DUTTON, General Sec'y FREDERICK E. FARNSWORTH, Executive Sec'y FRANK CHAPIN BRAY, Editorial Sec'y CHARLES H. LEVERMORE, Corresponding Sec'y
The officers of The World's Court League cordially invite you to join them in preparing the way for more just and harmonious international relations.
Forty-four nations have alread voted for the Court of Justice which will be the chief corner-stone of a new world structure. While a League of Nations presupposes a better adjustment of international questions, the greatest assurance of security and durable peace rests in a World Court.
The platform of the League is in harmony with the great work accomplished by the two Hague Conferences and with the treaties which have been made by the United States with thirty nations, providing for delay and inquiry in case of any international difficulty.
To advance and concentrate public opinion the League publishes THE WORLD COURT MAGAZINE. A payment of two dollars makes you a member of The World's Court League and furnishes the magazine for one year.
The League also desires contributions of from five to one thousand dollars for the support of this world-wide movement which is intended to make another war with its horrors and distress unlikely if not impossible.
Use the coupon on opposite page.
The World's Court League
Favors a League among Nations to secure 1. An International Court of Justice established by a world conference and sustained by public opinion.
2. An International Council of Conciliation.
A World Conference meeting regularly to support the Court and Council, and to interpret and expand International Law.
4. A Permanent Continuation Committee of the World Conference.
For delays in delivering magazines, owing to abnormal conditions of transportation and mail service, it is necessary to ask readers of THE WORLD COURT to make patriotic allowance. PRESIDENT WILSON'S APPEAL TO EUROPEAN OPINION
THERE seems to be nothing with which to compare President Wilson's appeal to public opinion in Europe in connection with the Peace Conference. The circumstances are unprecedented. Peace Conferences have been called and held before. Sovereigns have exchanged official visits and propagated sentimental ties to bind alliances. But now, for the first time, a President of the United States, not only goes to Europe to take a leading part in the Peace Conference, but is given the freedom of France, England and Italy to speak openly from the American standpoint to all classes of their people as well as to the heads of those nations about the kind of peace to be secured. Thus both European and American precedents give way to a new species of public diplomacy.
How far the President may have
counteracted the "slump in idealism" which liberal journals in Europe noted with regret since the armistice took effect, we have no means of knowing yet. But Mr. Wilson has again demonstrated his own faith in the power of direct appeal to the moral sense of men and to their capacity for loyalty to ideals of justice and right above material interests. Of this faith there is a very characteristic expression in the few words Mr. Wilson spoke to a delegation of editors in Italy, where territorial claims on the Adriatic are large:
"If I had known that this important delegation was coming to see me I would have tried to say something worthy of the occasion. As it is, I can only say that my purpose and the purpose of those associated with us at Paris is a common purpose. Justice and right are big things, and in these circumstances they are big with difficulty. Understand, I am not foolish enough to suppose that our decisions will be easy to arrive at, but the principles upon which they are to be arrived at ought to be