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CALVIN, MELANCTHON, ROGER WILLIAMS, MILTON, FOX, PENN, PRIESTLEY, BELSHAM, PALEY, WHITBY, Archbishop WHATELY,† and a host of others, who are every where lauded, by the various sects with which they are identified, as among the brightest ornaments of the Christian Church, and who are essentially agreed in the opinion, that the Sabbath was a JEWISH INSTITUTION.

day's sake-if any where any one sets up its observance upon a Jewish foundation-then I order you to work on it, to ride on it, to dance on it, to do any thing that shall reprove this encroachment on the Christian spirit and liberty.' — LUTHER.

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*Christ is the true fulfilment of the Sabbath, which is contained, not in one day, but in the whole course of our life, till being wholly dead to ourselves, we be filled with the life of God. Christians, therefore, ought to depart from all superstitious observance of days.' — CALVIN.

To say, that no part of the Jewish law is binding on Christians is very far from leaving them at liberty to disregard all moral duties. For, in fact, the very definition of a moral duty implies its universal obligation, independent of all enactment.


'Nor need it be feared, that to proclaim an exemption from the Mosaic law should leave men without any moral guide, and at a loss to distinguish right and wrong; since, after all, the light of reason is that to which every man must be left, in the interpretation of that very law. For Moses, it should be remembered, did not write three distinct books, one of the Ceremonial Law, one of the Civil, and a third of the Moral; nor does he hint at any such distinction. When, therefore, any one is told that a part of the Mosaic precepts are binding on us, viz., the Moral ones, if he ask which are the Moral precepts, and how to distinguish them from the Ceremonial and the Civil, with which they are mingled, the answer must be, that his conscience, if he consult it honestly, will determine that point. So far, consequently, from the moral precepts of the law being, to the Christian, necessary as a guide to his judgment in determining what is right and wrong, on the contrary this moral judgment is necessary to determine what are the Moral precepts of Moses.' ARCHBISHOP WHATELY.


THEY who, as worshippers, some mountain climb,
Or to some temple, made with hands, repair,
As though the Godhead specially dwelt there,
And absence, in Heaven's eye, would be a crime,
Have yet to comprehend this truth sublime :-

The freeman of the Lord no chain can bear-
His soul is free to worship every where,
Nor limited to any place or time.
No worldly sanctuary now may claim

Man's reverence as a consecrated pile;
Mosque, synagogue, cathedral, are the same,
Differing in nought but architectural style:
Avaunt, then, Superstition! in God's name,
Nor longer thy blind devotees beguile!

The True Church.

CHURCH of the living GOD! in vain thy foes

Make thee, in impious mirth, their laughing-stock, Contemn thy strength, thy radiant beauty mock: In vain their threats, and impotent their blows — Satan's assaults - Hell's agonizing throes!

For thou art built upon th' Eternal Rock,

Nor fear'st the thunder storm, the earthquake shock,
And nothing shall disturb thy calm repose.
All human combinations change and die,
Whate'er their origin, name, form, design;

But, firmer than the pillars of the sky,
Thou standest ever by a power Divine :

Thou art endowed with Immortality,

And canst not perish - God's OWN LIFE IS THINE!

The American Anion.

TYRANTS of the old world! contemners of the rights of man! disbelievers in human freedom and equality! enemies of mankind! console not yourselves with the delusion, that REPUBLICANISM and the AMERICAN UNION are synonymous


or that the downfall of the latter will be the extinction of the former, and, consequently, a proof of the incapacity of the people for self-government, and a confirmation of your own despotic claims! Your thrones must crumble to dust; your sceptre of dominion drop from your powerless hands; your rod of oppression be broken; yourselves so vilely abased, that there shall be 'none so poor to do you reverence.' The will of God, the beneficent Creator of the human family, cannot always be frustrated. It is His will that every form of usurpation, every kind of injustice, every device of tyranny, shall come to nought; that peace, and liberty, and righteousness, shall 'reign from sea to sea, and from the rivers to the ends of the earth;' and that, throughout the world, in the fullness of a sure redemption, there shall be none to molest or make afraid." Humanity, covered with gore, cries, with a voice that pierces the heavens,' His will be done!' Justice, discrowned by the hand of violence, exclaims, in tones of deep solemnity, HIS WILL BE DONE!' Liberty, burdened with chains, and driven into exile, in thunder-tones responds, HIS WILL BE DONE!'

Tyrants! know that the rights of man are inherent and inalienable, and therefore not to be forfeited by the failure of any form of government, however democratic. Let the American Union perish; let these allied States be torn with faction, or drenched in blood; let this republic realize the fate of Rome and Carthage, of Babylon and Tyre; still, those rights would remain undiminished in strength, unsul

lied in purity, unaffected in value, and sacred as their Divine Author. If nations perish, it is not because of their devotion to liberty, but for their disregard of its requirements. Man is superior to all political compacts, all governmental arrangements, all religious institutions. As means to an end, these may sometimes be useful, though never indispensable; but that end must always be the freedom and happiness of man, INDIVIDUAL MAN. It can never be true, that the public good requires the violent sacrifice of any, even the humblest citizen; for it is absolutely dependant on his preservation, not destruction. To do evil, that good may come, is equally absurd and criminal. The time for the overthrow of any government, the abandonment of any alliance, the subversion of any institution, is whenever it justifies the immolation of the individual to secure the general welfare; for the welfare of the many cannot be hostile to the safety of the few. In all agreements, in all measures, in all political or religious enterprises, in all attempts to redeem the human race, man, as an individual, is to be held paramount. The doctrine, that the end sanctifies the means, is the maxim of profligates and impostors, of usurpers and tyrants. They who, to promote the cause of truth, will sanction the utterance of a falsehood, are to be put in the category of liars. So, likewise, they who are for trampling on the rights of the minority, in order to benefit the majority, are to be registered as the monsters of their race. Might is never right, excepting when it sees in every human being, ‘a man and a brother,' and protects him with a divine fidelity. It is the recognition of these truths, the adoption of these princi. ples, which alone can extirpate tyranny from the earth, perpetuate a free government, and cause the dwellers in every clime, like kindred drops, to mingle into one.'

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Tyrants! confident of its overthrow, proclaim not to your vassals, that the AMERICAN UNION is an experiment of free.

dom, which, if it fail, will for ever demonstrate the necessity of whips for the backs, and chains for the limbs of the people. Know that its subversion is essential to the triumph of justice, the deliverance of the oppressed, the vindication of the BROTHERHOOD OF THE RACE. It was conceived in sin, and brought forth in iniquity; and its career has been marked by unparalleled hypocrisy, by high-handed tyranny, by a bold defiance of the omniscience and omnipotence of God. Freedom indignantly disowns it, and calls for its extinction ; for within its borders are three millions of slaves, whose blood constitutes its cement, whose flesh forms a large and flourishing branch of its commerce, and who are ranked with four-footed beasts and creeping things. To secure the adoption of the Constitution of the United States, it was agreed, first, that the African slave-trade, till that time a feeble, isolated, colonial traffic, should, for at least twenty years, be prosecuted as a national interest under the American flag, and protected by the national arm; secondly, that a slaveholding oligarchy, created by allowing three-fifths of the slave population to be represented by their taskmasters, should be allowed a permanent seat in Congress; thirdly, that the slave system should be secured against internal revolt and external invasion, by the united physical force of the country; - fourthly, that not a foot of national territory should be granted, on which the panting fugitive from slavery might stand, and be safe from his pursuers. thus making every citizen a slave-hunter and slave-catcher. To say that this covenant with death' shall not be annulled - that this agreement with hell' shall continue to stand-that this 'refuge of lies' shall not be swept away- is to hurl defiance at the eternal throne, and to give the lie to Him who sits thereon. It is an attempt, alike monstrous and impracticable, to blend the light of heaven with the darkness of the bottomless pit, to unite the


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