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and the record he has made by his appointments and official acts, has brought him into the limelight of popular attention and favor with the people of the whole State. They recognize his capacity for valuable public service.

The times develop and bring forth men. It is not as an office-seeker or political manipulator that Mayor Walker has come into prominence, but by a steadfast adherence to principles, and manifest strength of character to apply them.

When strong men are sought after and express their willingness to enter upon important public service, it is right and proper that opportunity be given to pass upon their claims and qualifications. Whatever of friendly interest may appear in this presentation, it has led to no exaggeration of the facts, for Harry C. Walker is well known to thousands of his fellow citizens who respect and admire him for his manliness and sterling integrity. It is upon such grounds that they urge his claim for political preferment.

UNION PRINTERS IN THE WAR

The international typographical union now has a service flag of 4,081 stars. This was the number of members of the union in the United States service up to June 20 with more being added daily.

Up to that time 77 soldier members of the union had been killed on the battlefields of France or had died in service since the beginning of the war.

$23,150 has been paid by the union to the relatives of soldier members whose lives have been given to their country.

$90,000 has been invested in Liberty Bonds by the executive council of the union.

$3,000,000 has been invested in Liberty Bonds by subordinate unions and individual members of the union. $354,020 was paid by the union to 1501 old age pensioners in the 12 months ending May 31, 1918.

$312,426 was paid by the union in mortuary benefits in the fiscal year ending May 31, 1918.

$167,626 was paid by the union for the maintenance and improvements at the Union Printers' Home last year. $1,237 covers last year's total expenditures for strikes authorized by the union.

The man who had made a huge fortune was speaking a few words to a number of students at a business class. Of course, the main theme of his address was himself. "All my success in life. all my tremendous financial prestige," he said proudly, “I owe to one thing alone pluck, pluck, pluck." He made an impressive pause here, but the effect was ruined by one student, who asked impressively: Yes, sir; but how are we to find the right people to pluck- Ex.?"

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I can't keep the visitors from coming up," said the office boy, dejectedly, to the president. When I say you're out, they simply say they must see you.” Well," said the president, "just tell them 'that's what they all say.'

That afternoon there called at the office a young lady. The boy assured her that it was impossible to see the president.

But I am his wife," said the lady.

"Oh, that's what they all say," said the boy.

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GOOD WORK OF CITY CLUB OF NEW YORK

Aims to be the unofficial co-operator with all citizens of the metrop-
olis in watching legislation at Albany-Its long record of service

BY WAYNE D. HEYDECKER
Committee Secretary

You have often heard of the City Club of New York. During the legislative session for many years it has maintained trained representatives at the capitol watching measures affecting New York city. Mr. Heydecker in this interesting summary tells what the club has done and how its work has counted for the public good.EDITOR.

A

MONG the organizations maintaining a regular legislative service in charge of a trained secretary, few can surpass the City Club of New York in length of service and in the number of public matters annually conWayne B. Heydecker sidered. During the legislative session which ended in April the City Club acted upon 217 bills, of which 146 were opposed and 71 favored. Of the bills opposed 99 died in the legislature and of the 47 which were passed 15 were vetoed by the mayor, 10 by the governor, 2 went to the secretary of state, and only 20 became law. The majority of the bills which passed over the City Club's opposition were special acts permitting reinstatement of discharged city employees and unscientific pension bills. Mayor Hylan is entitled to much credit for his veto of a large number of these measures, although he unfortunately saw fit to approve some of them. The most important bill which became law in spite of the club's opposition was a modification of the "pay-as-you-go" policy, under which the city of New York is now permitted to issue bonds to the amount of $15,000,000 a

year during the term of the war in spite of the previous restrictions enacted by the legislature.

Of the 71 bills favored by the City Club 43 died in the legislature; and of the 28 which passed, one was vetoed by the mayor, and one by the governor. The remaining 26 became law. The bill vetoed by the mayor, long advocated by the City Club, abolished the sinking fund commission and transferred its powers to the board of estimate and apportionment. Among the bills which became law was one introduced by the City Club providing for the establishment of an employment exchange for colored people in connection with the work of the State industrial commission. This bill was prepared by the City Club's committee on employment exchanges and fathered in the legislature by Assemblyman Johnson, the only colored representative. Among the more important measures backed by the City Club which became law were the amendments to the Torrens law designed to make it a workable statute, and an act removing the Mohansic State hospital and the training school for boys at Yorktown Heights from the city's watershed. One of the bills drawn by the club which reached an untimely end would have made the City Record the only corporation newspaper of the greater city, thus eliminating the present subsidy of $100,000 per year to certain Brooklyn newspapers. This bill died in committee of the senate. It was introduced by Senator Nicoll after several other legislators declined to handle it as "dangerous politically."

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In short, of the bills favored by the City Club 36.7 per cent became law. Of those opposed, only 13.7 per cent actually reached the statute books. Readers of STATE SERVICE may be interested to know what kind of an organization this City Club is, which goes quietly about its work year after year presenting facts to the legislators and to the public in connection with pending legislation.

The City Club of New York, founded in 1892, was the pioneer of the modern city clubs. Since that time there have been established city clubs in a number of other cities, but the City Club of New York from the outset has remained the most militant, though not the largest, organization of its kind.

The purpose of the club as outlined in its constitution is "to aid in securing permanent good government for the city of New York" by the formulation of proposals and their submission to the appropriate branches of the city or State government, and by a fearless and nonpartisan analysis and criticism of proposals emanating from other sources. In the earlier years of its existence the City Club also passed upon the merits of candidates for public office, endorsing some and advising the voters against the election of others. This policy, however, was abandoned in 1897, five years after the organization of the club. Since that time the City Club has confined itself to the discussion of issues and not of personalities. It has on numerous occasions opposed a series of measures introduced by various senators or assemblymen, while heartily approving other measures proposed by the same men at the same session of the legislature.

The City Club has never attempted to cover the entire field of city government in any one year. On the contrary, it seeks to mobilize the friends of good government at critical times, whether for the defense of past accomplishment or for securing further

progress. In the course of the year, through its various meetings, it conducts more important discussions of pressing city problems and proposed legislation and of principles of governmental organization and policy than any other organization in the city of New York.

Before the legislature it acts as an unofficial spokesman for the city and its citizens. When conflicting interests press their claims before the various committees of the legislature, the City Club endeavors to make certain that the interests of the public at large, who have no axe to grind, are presented properly. It aims to furnish that public support which members of the legislature have often found so helpful in resisting the pressure of special interests. Naturally, work of this kind depends to a considerable extent upon the personality of the man who represents the organization in Albany and the man who guides its discussions on legislative matters. In this respect the club has been fortunate in having had such men as Robert S. Binkerd, who gained his preliminary training as secretary of the Municipal Voters' League of Buffalo, supplementing it as secretary of the Citizens' Union, and devoting the six years ending January last to the work of the club; Walter T. Arndt, who, as Albany reporter for the Evening Post, gained an intimate knowledge of legislative affairs that proved helpful alike to the club and to the legislators with whom he worked as the club's legislative secretary; and Richard C. Harrison, its secretary, who represented the club at Albany during the last session. Mr. Harrison came to the club's work after ten years' experience in municipal affairs, as assistant counsel of the Public Service commission, as examiner under the president of the board of aldermen and as deputy commissioner of the department of docks and ferries.

As is generally the case in public life, a clean-cut business proposition makes little

progress until it is made a vital and living issue by forceful and persistent statements. What is equally important, the organization supporting the propositions and its representatives must have the confidence of the men with whom they deal. This has been one of the secrets of the City Club's successes. It has tried to influence legislation through men who have earned the confidence of legislators by placing the public interests foremost and by pleading the general public's cause wherever and whenever

sioner of accounts of the city, at the club's request and with the club's assistance;

The preparation in 1914 of the statute under which the State's employment system now operates;

The abolition of the elective coroner system by act of the legislature in 1915;

The protection of the great body of building laws put in jeopardy by the LockwoodEllenbogen bill of 1915;

The solution of the problem of building the cause of a small minority or special Lockwood-Ellenbogen bill of 1916, creating regulation by by the enactment of the

interest bid for legislative favors.

The City Club has tried to stand in the position of general citizen co-operator with the government, at the same time affording a general leadership to the smaller civic and commercial organizations scattered throughout the greater city.

Among the more important lines of public service to which the club has in recent years

contributed its share are:

The defeat of the proposed Gaynor charter in 1911;

The development of public interest in police administration by the utilization of the police scandals of 1912, as a means of focusing attention on the causes of police corruption and constructive measures for their removal;

The amendment of the State constitution in 1913, so as to make possible reform of the abuses in condemnation proceedings;

The preparation and enactment of a city planning commissions law for the State in 1913;

The utilization of the special session of the legislature in the same year to secure the present ballot law;

The further development of enabling legislation in 1914 to correct the condemnation abuses;

The exposure of the elective coroner system in the same year, the direct result of an investigation undertaken by the commis

the board of standards and appeals and coordinating to a larger extent the various statutes affecting the construction and maintenances of buildings;

The districting resolution adopted by the board of estimate and apportionment, July 25, 1916, under enabling legislation actively supported by the City Club during the preceding year. In this connection, the chairman of the commission on building districts and restrictions, Edward M. Bassett, wrote to the secretary on August 4, 1916: "No organization in the city gave a stronger lift and at the critical times than the City Club. The entire city owes you and the City Club a debt of gratitude for this and many other progressive steps.

The enactment, in 1918, of amendments designed to make the Torrens law for land title registration more workable.

During a large portion of the period just described the club's committee on legislation operated under the leadership of the late Francis D. Pollak, a keen student of legislation, a man of wide legal experience and an able lawyer. The present chairman, Winfred T. Dinison, who succeeded Mr. Pollak, has been an assistant United States attorney, a special assistant to the United States attorney-general in sugar and customs fraud prosecutions in 1909 and 1910, assistant United States attorney-general in 1910 and

1914, and a member of the Philippine and criticising proposals before the city govcommission.

The committee scrutinizes every legislative bill which affects the city of New York. In 1917, for example, it gave detailed consideration to some 600 bills, and other committees of the club, with original jurisdiction, passed upon 200 or 300 more.

The personnel of the legislature changes just as the thought of the people varies, and with these changes come new views on public questions. It took five years of educational work in two legislatures and a newspaper campaign among the people of the entire State to secure the amendment of the constitution necessary to permit the reform of condemnation proceedings. It took eighteen years of persistent effort to convince the legislature that the people of the State of New York really wanted a simpler form of

ballot.

A movement which is in the public interest may be checked, it may be postponed by those who do not understand it, but it cannot be permanently defeated. The function of an organization such as the City Club is to place before the public bodies year after year underlying truths on big public questions. It may take time to convince the legislators of the wisdom of various proposals. It is proper that they should examine all proposals with extreme care. The officers of the City Club have no quarrel with the legislator who disagrees with such proposals as it may put forward. They yield to him as much freedom of judgment as they demand themselves. All that they ask is that the legislators believe in the club's absolute freedom from selfish or partisan interest, and that they give to the club's proposals the considerations which they deserve, and no more.

The work of the City Club which has been recounted here relates only to that part of it done in connection with legislative bills. The City Club is also active in originating

ernment and of late has carried through some important patriotic services. Among these the following stand out:

Conducted the State military census in the 27th assembly district in June, 1917, registering 106,000 persons, more than five times the quota for the district and setting a record for assembly districts throughout the State;

Organized, financed, manned and equipped a complete field section of the American ambulance field service in France, June, 1917;

Conducted the house-to-house campaign in the new 10th assembly district for the second Red Cross war fund, raising over $165,000, or nearly three times the amount raised by the next highest district.

funds to maintain 2,000 fatherless French At the present time is engaged in securing children in their mothers' homes, rather than have them become inmates of charitable institutions - a definite contribution to the friendships that are bringing our own citizens and those of war-torn France closer together in the final struggle for freedom and democracy.

This, in a few words, is the partial record of public service rendered by the pioneer city club in America, the City Club of

New York.

RESOURCEFUL

Congressman John T. Watkins of Louisiana, explaining the thought that some people have a mighty easy way of explaining things, told the following story: "Some time ago a lawyer was called away from his office for the greater part of the day. On returning he observed certain symptons of idleness on the part of his clerk. James,' demanded the lawyer, why hasn't that typewriter been workin?' 'It has been working,' defensively answered James. I was using it less than ten minutes ago.' Then,' exclaimed the lawyer, pointing a convicting finger, 'how comes it that there is a spider on the machine and that it has woven a web over the keyboard?' 'A fly got in the works, sir,' easily explained James, and rather than waste time trying to catch it I introduced the spider.""

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